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11 Cards in this Set

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1860-1912
1. Incorportation of Morocco to world capitalist sys.
2. European econ. interventionism

Weakening of traditional institutions: Makhzen, Jaysh, ulama
New forces came to power: rural notables and urban bourgeoisie
bay'a
Document signed by ulama reocogizing submission to a new Sultan
hubus
Pious foundation, private endowment for religious ends (M.E. waqf)

E.g. Hammam-s were supported by hubus
jaysh
The army
Morocco: Arab tribes accorded tax and other privileges for providing sultan with troops.
Makhzan: staffed by jaysh families; state service was derived from military service
Mahalla
Government military expedition
'Ushr
Quranic tithe on produce
Maks
Non-quranic tax: market dues, gate tax
Tartib
1881: Madrid conference
Fix rate on agri. income
Applied to all
Naiba
Tax paid by non-military tribes to support military tribes... instead of providing mil. service
Simsar
Native commercial agent
European diplomatic protection
Obstacles to building a strong centralized state in the 19th century
- Traditional army (Jaysh)
- Provincial notability
- Traditional religious class (ulama)