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45 Cards in this Set

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concerto
multi-movement work requiring a soloist and an orchestra
word painting
in which the direction and speed of the notes is determined by the meaning of the words being sung
cantata
German multi-movement church composition of the 18th century, incorporating pre-existing hymn-tunes, associated with Bach
rondo
musical form of ABACADA
mellismatic
many notes per syllable
cadenza
an extended solo section, often found at the end of a concerto movement
monophonic
a musical texture consisting of a single melodic line
motive
a short melodic fragment of just a few notes, often used to build an entire musical movement
organum
a type of piece in which the notes of a pre-existing chant melody are sounded very slowly, and a newly composed tune is added on top
troubador
noble-born traveling musicians of the 13th century
timbre
how we can tell one instrument by another
recitative
part of an opera with little music but much text
Renaissance 4-voice polyphony composer
Palestrina
"red priest"-- wrote concertos for orphanage in Venice
Vivaldi
sometimes incorporated secret number-symbolism in his compositions
Bach
Counter-reformation composer
Palestrina
his music likely heard by Shakespeare
Weelkes
an incredible child prodigy
Mozart
oratorio
written in English, deals with Biblical myths, unstaged, more chorus, for the masses instead of elite
standard form of Sonata Allegro
1st theme, 2nd theme, repeat | development, recapitulation, possible coda
total art work
Gesamptkunstwerk (Wagner)
study, practice piece
Etude (Chopin or Lizst)
tune associated with "her" in Symphonie Fantastique
Idee Fixae
rapid floral vocal writing
coloratura (Verdi)
Wagner's brief melody assoicated with a person, thing or idea in an opera
leitmotif
Polish dance, similar to a waltz
mazurka (Chopin)
Schubert's simple songs consisting of one singer and piano
Lieder
movement for the reunification of Italy
risorgimento (Verdi)
name of group of Russian composers in mid 1870s
kuchka (Mussorgsky)
performer highly skilled to an extreme degree
virtuoso (Liszt0
series of 4 long opera pieces dealing with dragons, giants, dwarves, gods and heroes
Ring of the Niebelungen (Wagner)
specific symphony from the early 1800s that describes nature
Beethoven's Pastoral Symphony
suite of pieces depicting a number of different paintings
Mussorgsky's "Pictures at an Exhibition"
Italian operas from the 1890s with highly charged dramatic plots and "realism"
verismo

(Puccini)
Italian opera composer, worked for many years at La Scala opera house in Milan
Verdi
piano virtuoso, born in Hungary, invented the piano recital
Liszt
manic-depressive composer with alter-egos Florestan and Eusebius
Schumann
Czech composer, directed the American Conservatory of Music in NY City
Dvorak
Russian composer, alcoholic, sought to capture the rhythm of spoken Russian in his music
Verdak
wrote 600 Lieder, died at age 31
Schubert
had an opera house constructed at Bayreuth for his music
Wagner
a "Classic Romantic," his music pays homage to Bach, Mozart and Beethoven
Brahms
wrote the Heiligenstadt Testament
Beethoven
his bad "drug trip" inspired some fantastic music visions
Berlioz
ethnomusicology
discipline of studying folk songs (Bartok)