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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Caste system
Rigid social system characteristic of India, based upon birth, determining the occupation and class of people
Silk Road
Trade routes across China that connected Asia and Europe
Mandate of Heaven
The command to rule given by God to the Chinese Emperor
Commercial Revolution
Period after the Renaissance when exploration and colonization grew due to increased trade and agricultural production
Machiavelli
Author of The Prince, suggested a ruler may ignore what is morally right to maintain power
Magna Carta
A document signed in 13th century England limiting the power of the king and guaranteeing certain rights to the people
Macchu Picchu
Highly developed Incan city
Laissez-faire
Practice of little or no government intervention in economic matters
Proletariat
What Marx referred to as the "working class", the "have-nots"
Karl Marx
German philosopher who published The Communist Manifesto
Quran (Koran)
Holy book, of Islam
Theodor Herzl
Helped launch the modern form of Zionism
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
Led democratic reforms in Turkey
Buddhism
Ancient religion found in eastern asia, based on the Four Noble Truths
Code of Hammurabi
Oldest known legal system of ancient Babylonian laws and customs
Confucianism
A Chinese philosophy characterized by filial piety
Ethnocentrism
A belief that one's own culture and ethnic group are superior to another's
Han Dynasty
The high point of ancient China's power, culture and prosperity, in which art, literature and science flourished
Indus River
River in western India where inhabitants rely upon its overflow for deposits of rich, fertile soil
Ganges
Sacred river in India
Pax Romana
Period of over 200 years during which the Roman military enforced peace throughout the Mediterranean world
Savanna
Area of land with tall grasses and few trees
Plato
Ancient Greek philosopher, author of The Republic
Twelve Tables
Oldest Roman code of laws
Sparta
An ancient Greek city-state that transformed its society into an armed camp, emphasizing the art of the military and the soldier.
Byzantine Empire
Eastern portion of the divided Roman Empire, preserved Greco-Roman culture
Caliph
An Islamic leader
Justinian Code
An attempt by Byzantine emperor Justinian to organize all Roman laws
Urban II
Pope who called the Crusades to recover the Holy Land from Muslims
Secular
Pertaining to worldly rather than spiritual matters
Saladin
Respected Muslim leader who united the Muslim world, controlling Jerusalem during one of the Crusades
Pagoda
Chinese temple with a roof that curves upwards.
Martin Luther
A dissident monk who challenged the practices of the Roman Catholic Church with his 95 Theses
Humanism
The intellectual and cultural movement that focused on worldly subjects rather than religious ones.
Inquisition
A tribunal in the medieval Roamn Catholic Church, often unjust, directed at surpressing heresy.
Tokugawa Shogunate
Japanese central government (1600-1900) that brought stability to the area; hostile to foreigners.
Mughals
Empire that reigned in India in the early 16th century, featuring many advances, including the building of the Taj Mahal
Mansa Musa
Famous ruler of the Mali Empire in west Africa who helped make the city of Timbuktu a center for Islamic trade, wealth and education
Michelangelo
Italian Renaissance genius whose work includes the painting of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican
Renaissance
The European period of rebirth and renewal of interest in learning, the arts and culture, following the Middle Ages.
Shintoism
A religion found in Japan that emphasizes the worship of nature, stressing man's duty to live in harmony with nature.
Terrace Farming
Turning hillsides into steps on hills to create flat surfaces for farming.
Henry VIII
English king who was at first a strong Catholic, but who broke away from the Roman Catholic Church over a dispute about his divorce