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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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why do we have confidentiality?
-extension of one's autonomy
-you (because you are autonomous) have a right to govern where your information goes
-possibility of discrimination (ie. HIV/Aids, embarassment)
autonomy
what is a postive right?
Positive Right- is an infringement on one's negative right.
negative right- usually constitutional...ie.) right to be left alone, right to autonomy, liberty & freedom
what is a legal right?
what is a moral right?
A legal right is protected by the law...(there is NO legal right to healthcare.)

A moral right is not protected by the law.
is healthcare a legal right?
what is the 14th amendment?
-due process clause
-life, liberty and happiness

(*happiness was originally property)
L, L & H
Griswald vs. Connecticut
-contraception
-"zone of privacy" NO GOVERNMENT INTERFERENCE
birth control
what is HIPAA?
Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act

used to minimize fraud and makes health insurance documents more portable.

basically says: "your information is private and you have a right to your healthcare records"
portability, right to records
what are universal percautions?
basic percautions and measures that are taken by healthcare providers around the world to protect themselves as a caregiver
protection of caregivers
what is foreseeability?
Foreseeability - how much we can predict
predictions
Tarasoff vs. Regents of University of California
Poddar- sees therapist, confesses he wants to murder Tarasoff
Tarasoff- victim

Court Ruling, Three Reasons to Warn:
1) relationship between Poddar & Therapist - special
2)Foreseeability/Credibility (Poddar said this to his therapist, not in public or to a friend)
3)Identifiable third party

1976: case reheard. changed to "duty to protect"
what are issues that concern confidentiality and HIV/AIDS?
whether or not to inform the partner of the patient with HIV. (should it be mandatory that the healthcare officials inform the previous and current partners of those infected)
breaching of confidentiality
what is the definition of abortion?
the intentional termination of a pregnancy (issues: fetal rights, when life begins, moral status of fetus)
intentional
what are conservative views of abortion?
moral status begins at conception
when does moral status begin?
what are the moderate/moderate "drawing the line" views of abortion?
moral status begins somewhere between conception and birth.

they believe that pregnancy may be terminated for very special situations
iffy
what are moderate conservative views of abortion?
moral status begins at conception, however - they recognize reasons why we may allow the termination of pregnancy (ie. rape, incest, save the mother's life)
exceptions
what are issues that concern confidentiality and HIV/AIDS?
whether or not to inform the partner of the patient with HIV. (should it be mandatory that the healthcare officials inform the previous and current partners of those infected)
breaching of confidentiality
what is the definition of abortion?
the intentional termination of a pregnancy (issues: fetal rights, when life begins, moral status of fetus)
intentional
what are conservative views of abortion?
moral status begins at conception
when does moral status begin?
what are the moderate/moderate "drawing the line" views of abortion?
moral status begins somewhere between conception and birth.

they believe that pregnancy may be terminated for very special situations
iffy
what are moderate conservative views of abortion?
moral status begins at conception, however - they recognize reasons why we may allow the termination of pregnancy (ie. rape, incest, save the mother's life)
exceptions
what is the moderate liberal's views of abortion?
moral status begins at birth but reasons for termination may be: social reasons, depends on the type of abortion, greater harm to society
social
what is the LIBERAL view's of abortion?
says moral status begins at birth
birth
what is sentience and when does it begin?
when the fetus begins to feel pain; this begins at 13 wks.
pain
when do brain waves begin?
six weeks
6
what is 'quickening' and when does it begin?
quickening is when you can begin to feel the baby's movements; this begins at 20 wks.
kicking
what is viability?
viability is the point at which the fetus could live on it's own outside the mother.

"potential life"

now begins at approx. 20wks

at the time of roe vs. wade it was ruled at 28wks
outside the body
what are the three different types of abortions?
1)selective-something you don't want that is UNIQUE about the particular pregnancy (ie. timing is wrong, multiple embryos)
2)elective-you just don't want to go through with the pregnancy
3)therapeutic-to prevent harm; usually to the mother (save life) or reasons such as rape and incest.
selective, elective, therapeutic
what are medical abortions?
a) morning after pill, high dose of a contraceptive; must be taken within 72hrs after unprotected sex. prevents ovulation, prevents implantation of embryo
b) RU-486, mifepristone. around since the 1980s, approved in 1997, can be used up to seven weeks after pregnancy; induces a miscarriage, high dose of hormones, possible infection.
morning after, RU-486
what are surgical abortions?
a)vacuum aspiration-up to 12wks, syringe or suction vacuum to suction out the uterine lining
b)dilation currettage-use a loop shaped knife used to scrap the uterine lining; done at 14wks

c)dialation evaculation-between 18 and 20wks, vacuum, more high power, other instruments used to dismember the growing child, then vacuum out with suction...more risky and a chance of puncturing the uterus.

d)intact dialation and extraction-feet are still first, drug the mother with drugs that dialate the cervex and initiate contractions. Puncture the back of the baby's skull - it collapses on it's own and they extract the rest of the fetus
most disgusting processes EVER.