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39 Cards in this Set

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asepsis
free of germs
emesis
vomitting
estetic
clean
proper venitation
72F
important reasons to wear latex or vinyl gloves
1.to provide protect as a barrier and prevent contamination.
2.to reduce the possibity that any pathogens present on your hands will be transferredn to another.
basic guidelines for lab safety:
1.hans wash before and after every procedure.
2. gloving is a must when handling blood or body fluid
3.cover all scratches, paper cus or any breaks in the skin with a bandage after hand washing.
4.never eat, drink or chew gum
5. record lab result immediately on charts to ensure accuracy.
6. discard all hazardous material in proper containers
7. make periodic checks of all electrical appliances.
reports all accidents to your supervisor or instructor immediatly.
HIV
human immunodefiency virus
HBV
Hepatitis B virus
CDC
CENTER FOR DISEASE CONTROL
AIDS
aquired immunodefiecncy syndrome
osha
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY ADMINISTRATION
droplet infection
when a person coughs, sneezes or whistles
does not get reported to the local health department
Common Cold
Herpes Simplex
Impetigo
Pinworms
Pinworms
Strep Throat
Chickenpox*
varicella
direct or indirect droplet
2-3 weeks
pruritic vescular, slight fever, malaise
Common Cold (URI)
12-72 hours
rest, decongestant,mild analgestics, increased fluid intake.
conjunctivitis (pink eye)
redness of eyes, itching
Head lice (pediculosis)
nits eggs
Pinworms (enterobius vermicularis)
transfer of eggs from anus to mouth
Scarlet Fever (scarletina)
strawberry tongue
protozoa
single celled microorganisms that attach themselves to other organisms.
fungi
are simple parasitic plants (molds) that depend on other life forms for nutritional source.
parasites
are organisms that depend on another living organism for nourishment.
Microorganisms
that feed on organic matter are called heterotrophs.
Autotrophs
feed on inorganic matter
those that need oxygen are called...
aerobes
those that do best without oxygen are called...
anarobes.
sanitation...
process of washing and scrubing to remove material
disinfection...
process by which disease-producing microorganisms or pathogens are killed.
Common disinfectant is...
zephrin chloride
sterilization...
process that destroys all forms of living organisms (spores)
autoclaving...
steam under pressure. 15lbs of pressure per square inch. temp 250-270
maintains sterile for 30 days if the package is kept dry and intact. This period is called shelf life.
The pts height and weight should be
recorded at the inital visit as reference point.
oral temperature with a mercuty thermometer
should be left in place for a minimum of 3 minutes.
oral temperature
98.6
range 97.6 - 99.6
febrile means above normal temperature
triage
means to sort
Axillary temperature
97.6
range 96.6 - 98.6
requires 10 full minutes
Retal temperture
99.6
range 98.6 - 100.6
minimum 3 minutes
classification of fevers
slight
moderate 99.6 - 101.0
severe 101 -102
dangerous 104 - 105
fatal above 106
temperatures
sterilization 250f
freezing point of water 32f
standard body temp 98.6