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92 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Social phobia meds
Beta blockers (propanol)
Social phobia tx (3)
Social skills training
Cognitive techniques
1. Best OCD tx
2. Meds (2)
1. Flooding
2. TCAs or an SSRI
PTSD tx (4)
CBT: flooding, cognitive restructuring, AMT, EMDR
Panic attack symptoms
Shortness of breath
Heart palpitations
Chills/sweats/hot flashes
Panic attack tx(3)
Cognitive tx
Relaxation training
Panic attack meds (4 types)
TCAs (imipramine)
Anticonvulsants (mood stabilizers)
1. Can occur...
2. Tx
1. with or without Panic attacks

Best PTSD med
Specific phobia tx
1. Adults
2. Kids
1. In vivo exposure
2. Cognitive self-control: relaxation, visualizing a pleasant scene, positive self statements
Negative mood, poor concentration, irritability, fatigue, insomnia, hoplessness
Symptoms associated with depression and anxiety
What CBT is used in initial stages of anxiety disorders?
Mowrer's 2 factor theory
Avoidance conditioning theory for specific phobias
1. GAD meds (2)
2. GAD tx
1. SSRI, anxiolytic (buspirone)
2. Multicomponent CBT
Catecholamine hypothesis
Depression is due to a deficiency in norepinephrine. Increasing norep reduces dep symptoms
Depression Treatment
1. Mild
2. Severe
1. CBT better than imipramine

2. Interpersonal therapy (IPT) and imipramine (TCA)better
2 Depression models
Learned helplessness and depressive cognitive triad
Depressive cognitive triad
Negative self-statements about yourself, the world and the future
Learned helplessness model
Attributing negative events to internal, stable and global factors
Best med for "classic symptoms"
Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)
Best med for melancholic depression (type and example)
SSRI (ex. Fluoxetine)
1. Best for
2. SSRI vs TCAs
1. Best med for melancholic depression
2. Fewer SEs than TCAs
Used for depressed people who don't respond to TCAs or SSRIs
Atypical depression
1. Symptoms (5)
2. Drug
1. Phobic features, panic attacks, increased appetite, increased sleep, mood worse in the evening

2. MAOI best
1. What is it?
2. Neuros
1. New drug for depression

2. Increases norepinephrine and serotonin
1. What is it?
2. How does it work?
1. New drug for depression

2. Increases norepinephrine and serotonin
When is ECT used (2 things)
1. Severe depression with delusions and SI

2. Used when meds don't work
Best Bipolar med?
When are anticonvulsants prescribed for bipolar? (2)
1. When they don't respond to lithium

2. When they have rapid cycling or dysphoric mania
Dysthymic disorder
1. Symptoms last for ___? (children and adults)

2. Never symptom free for longer than ___
1. 2 years for adults and 1 year for children and teens

2. 2 months
Dysthymia treatment
1. Best Med
2. Tx
2. CBT
Cyclothymic Dis
1. Symptoms
2. Length (adults and kids)
1. Periods of hypomanic symptoms and depressive symptoms

2. 2 years for adults and 1 year for kids and teens
Cognex and Aricept
1. use
2. problem
1. Prevent ACh breakdown re Alzheimers

2. Defecits worsen when drugs are removed
Alzheimers therapy types (2)
Behavior tx
Group tx
Environmental manipulation is used for______ (2)
Alzheimers and Delirium
Alzheimer meds (2 types)
Antidepressants and antipsychotics
Delirium med
1. What type is it
2. What does it reduce(3 things)
1. Antipsychotic
2. Reduces agitation, delusions and hallucinations
Delirium tx has two goals:
1. Treat the underlying cause of the delirium

2. Reduce the agitation associated with delirium
Somatization Dis symptoms
4 pain symptoms - Cl might say that pain is connected with certain functions (ex. pain duing urination or sex)

2 gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, diarrhea)

1 sexual symptom other than pain (vomiting throughout pregnancy, erectile dysfunction)

1 pseudoneurological symptom (ex. paralysis, seizures)
Conversion Dis tx
Suggestion that symptoms will improve
Symptoms for people with Factitious Disorders are produced to...
Fulfill and intrapsychic need to pretend you're sick
Symptoms for people with Malingering are produced to...
Get an external reward such as missing work, getting drugs, etc.
Do people with Factitious Disorders intentionally produce their symptoms?
Localized amnesia
Can't remember events about a certain period of time
Selective amnesia
Can't remember some events related to a certain period
Generalized amnesia
Memory loss is throughout your entire life
Continuous amnesia
You can't remember from a specific time until the present
Systematized amnesia
You can't remember memories related to a certain category
If you can't remember anything about your husband you have ________ amnesia
the effects of depersonalization disorder on reality testing
Reality testing remains intact although the person feels detached from his mental proceses or body
How can you tell if a man's Erectile Disorder is organic?
If he is unable to get an erection in his sleep
What non-psychiatric medicine can cause impotence
Hypertensive meds
What neurotransmitter is linked with premature ejaculation?
1. What type of medicine can improve premature ejaculation?
2. How?
1. SSRIs
2. By increasing the low serotonin level
Primary dysfunction
The disorder has always existed
Secondary dysfunction
The disorder developed after a period of time
What does CBT target for sexual therapy?
Dysfunctional behaviors, anxiety, attitudes, beliefs and a lack of knowledge
What technique reduces performance anxiety for sexual disorders
Sensate focus
At what age does Gender Identity Disorder begin?
Males with Gender Identity Disorder are attracted to____
3 Physical symptoms of anorexia
Constipation, anemia, cardiac problems
Best tx for Anorexia
Cognitive therapy
What are the 3 stages of cognitive therapy for anorexics
1. Establishing trust
2. Providing education
3. Modifying cognitive errors
Best tx for Bulimia
Bulimia meds
What neurotransmitters are involved in Bulimia? How?
Low levels of serotonin and norepinephrine
1. When should adjustment disorder symptoms begin?

2. When should they end?
1. Within three months of the stressor
2. Within 6 months of the stressful event
Dyssomnias are _____
Disturbances in the amount, quality or timing of sleep
Parasomnias are____
Behavioral or psychological abnormalities that occur during sleep or in the transition between sleeping and waking up
Types of parasomnias (3)
Nightmare Dis, Sleep Terror Dis, Sleepwalking Dis
1. Cluster A Personality Disorders are characterized by_____

2. Types (3)
1. Odd or eccentric bxs
2. Paranoid, Schizoid, Schizotypal
1. Cluster B Personality Disorders are characterized by_____

2. Types (4)
1. Dramatic, emotional or erratic bxs

2. Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic
1. Cluster C Personality Disorders are characterized by_____

2. Types (3)
1. Anxiety or fearfulness
2. Avoidant, Dependent, Obsessive Compulsive
If you have interpersonal deficits and eccentric behaviors, you have ____ PD
3 Antisocial PD requirements
1. Must be at least 18
2. Must have a hx of CD before 15
3. No remorse
What is Dialetical Bx Tx used for?
Borderline PD
Personality Disorder doesn't involve real obsessions or compulsions. Instead, they are perfectionistic and preoccupied with rules
Motor development delays are an early sign of_____
Hereditary MR Types (3)
Tay Sachs
Fragile X
Early genetic alterations MR types (2)
Downs Syndrome
toxins (teratogens)
Down Syndrome problems
Heart problems, respiratory and intestinal defects
Age rapidly
Lower life expectancy
Higher Alzheimers risk
Retts disorder problems (4)
Head growth deceleration
Wringing hands
Poor coordination
Psychomotor retardation
2 Medicines for Tourettes
Clonidine and antidepressants
What childhood disorders involve motor coordination problems
Learning disorders
What does habit reversal treat
What does habit reversal include
Regulated breathing, awareness training, and social support for stuttering
What 4 co-occuring disorders are associated with ADHD
ODD, Anx Dis, CD and Maj Dep
How often must problem occur for Enuresis diagnosis
At least 2x/week for at least 3 months
Imipramine and enuresis relapse
Relapse within 3 months of discontinuing
When do you use Michenbaums Stress Innoculation Training
Medical procedures for children