Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/52

Click to flip

52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
psychotherapy
an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties.
eclectic approach
an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy.
psychoanalysis (psychodynamic)
sigmund fruid's therapeutic technique. freud believed the patioent's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences-and teh therapist's interpretations of them-released previously repressed feelings, allowing teh patient to gain self-insight.
reesistance
in psychoanalysis, the blocking form consciousness of anxiety-laden material
interpretation
in psychoanlysis, the analyst's noting uspposed dream meaning, resistnace,s and othe rsignificant behavior in order to promote insight
transference
in psychoanalysis, teh patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent.)
free association
just saying whatever comes into mind.
client-centered therapy
a humanisitic therapy, developed by carl rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listenig within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate client's growth.
active listening
emapathic listening in which the listerner echoes, resstates, and clarifies. a feature of roger's client centered therapy.
behavior therapy
therapy that applies learning principles to teh elimination of unwanted behaviors.
counterconditiong
a behavior therapy procedure tha tconditions new responses to stimulti that trigeger unwanted behviors; based on classical conditioning. includes systematic desensitization adn aversive conditioning.
exposure therapies
behavior techniques, such as systematic desensitization , that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or actuality) to the things they fear and avoid.
systematic desensitization
a type of counterconditioing that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggerin gstimuli.commonly used to treat phobias.
aversive conditioning
a type of counterconditioning htat associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol).
token economy
an operant conditioning procedure that rewards desiered behavior. a patient exchanges a token of some sort, earned for exhibiting the desired behavior, for various privileges or treats.
cognitive therapy
therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions.
cognitive-behabior therapy
a popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior).
family therapy
therapy that treats the family as a system. views an individual's unwatned behavior as influenced by or directed at other family members; attemtps to guide family members toward postiive relationships and improved communication
psychotherapy
an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties.
meta-analysis
a procedure for statistically combining the results of manny different reserach studies.
psychopharmacology
the study of teh effects of drugs on mind and behavior
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
a biomedical therapy for severly sdepressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
lithium
a chemical that provides an effective drug therpay for the mood swings of bipolar (manic-depressive) deisorders.
psychosurgery
surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior
lobotomy
a now rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontroallably emotional or violent patients. the procedure cut the nerves tha tconnect the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of teh inner brain.
psychotherapy integration
rather than picking and choosing methods, integration advocates aim to combine them into a single, coherent system
latent content
the dreams underlying but censored meaning.
psychodynamic therapists try to do what...
to understand patients current symptoms by exploring childhood experiences
interpersonal psychotherapy
a brief alternative to spychodynamic therapy...aims to help people gain insight into the roots of their difficulties. and focuses on current relationships and assists people in improving thier relationship skill.
humanistic therapists do what...
aim to boost self fulfill ment by helping people grow in self awareness and self acceptance
client centerest therapists focuses on
person'a conscious self perceptions rather than therapists interpretations
nondirective therapy
where teh therapist listens, without judgin or interpreting, and refrains from directing the client toward certain insights
rogers encourages therapists to exhibit three things.
genuine, acceptance, and emapthy
unconditional postive regard
full acceptance of a person with whatever problems they may have.
progressive relaxation
where the therapists trains you to relax one muscle group after another, until you achieve a drowsy state of complete relaxation and comfort.
behavior modification is like what...
operant conditioning
stress inoculation training
changing teh people to restructure their thinking in stressful situations
regression toward the mean
the tendency for extremes of unusual scores to fall back (regress) toward their average
selective serotonin reuptak inhibitor drugs (antidepressant drugs)
SSRI (slow the synaptic vacuuming up of serotonin, (Prozac, Zoloft, PAxil))
Antipsychotic drugs
thorazine, cloazaril,
antianxiety drugs
xanax or valium
psychotherapy integration
rather than picking and choosing methods, integration advocates aim to combine them into a single, coherent system
latent content
the dreams underlying but censored meaning.
psychodynamic therapists try to do what...
to understand patients current symptoms by exploring childhood experiences
interpersonal psychotherapy
a brief alternative to spychodynamic therapy...aims to help people gain insight into the roots of their difficulties. and focuses on current relationships and assists people in improving thier relationship skill.
humanistic therapists do what...
aim to boost self fulfill ment by helping people grow in self awareness and self acceptance
client centerest therapists focuses on
person'a conscious self perceptions rather than therapists interpretations
nondirective therapy
where teh therapist listens, without judgin or interpreting, and refrains from directing the client toward certain insights
rogers encourages therapists to exhibit three things.
genuine, acceptance, and emapthy
unconditional postive regard
full acceptance of a person with whatever problems they may have.
progressive relaxation
where the therapists trains you to relax one muscle group after another, until you achieve a drowsy state of complete relaxation and comfort.
age regression
where people relive their child hood experiences