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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned
drive reduction theory
the idea tha t aphysioological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need.
a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chmemistry, such as blood glucose, aroudn a particular level
a postive or negative environmental stimulus tha tmotivates behavior
heirarchy of needs
maslows pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher level safety needs and then psychological needs become active.
sel actualization needs
need to live up to one's fullest an dunique potential
esteem needs
need for self esteem, achievement, competence, and independence; need for recognition and respect from others
belongingness and love needs
need to love an dbe loved, to belong an dbe accepted; need to avoid loneliness and alineation
safety needs
need to feel taht the world is organized predictable; need to feel safe, secure, adn stable
phsyiological needs
need to satisfy hunger and thirst
the form of sugar tha tciruclates in teh blood and provides tha major source of energy for body tissues. when its level is low, we feel hunger.
set point
the point at which an individual's "weight thermostat" is suposedly set. when the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metablic rate may act to restore the lost weight
basal metabolic rate
the boyd'a resting rate of energy expenditure
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder in which a normal weight person (usually an adolescent female ) diets and beocmes significantly (15 percent or more) underweight, yet, still feeling fat, continues to starve.
bulimia nervosa
an eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of high calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting or excessive exercise.
sexual response cycle
the four statges of sexual responding described by masters and johnson- excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution.
refractory period
a resting period after orgasm, durign which a man cannot achieve another orgasm
sexual disorder
a problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal or functiong.
a sex homrone, secreted in greater amounts by females than by males. in nonhuman female mamals, estrogen levels peak during ovulation, promoting seuxal receptivity.
the most important of the male sex hormone. both males and femalse hav it, but the additioinal testosterone in males stimulates teh growoth of teh male sex organs in teh fetus and the development of the male sex charactersitics during puberty
sexual orientation
an enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one's own sex (homosexual orientatio) or the other sex (heterosexual orientation)
a completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of one's skills
industiral organizational (I/O) psychology
the application of psychological concepts and mehtods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces.
personnel psychology
a subfield of I/Opsychology that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training, appraisal, and development
organizational psychology
a subfield of IO psychology that exzamines organizational influences on worker satisfaction adn productvtivity an faciliates organizational change.
structured interviews
interview process tha tasks the same job relevant questions of all applicants, each of whom is rated on established scales.
achievement motivation
a desire for significant accomplishment: for mastery of things, people, or ideas; for attaining a high standard
task leadership
goal oriented leadershoip that sets standards, organizes work, and focuses attention on goals
social leadership
group oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offers support
sexual response cycle
the four statges of sexual responding described by masters and johnson- excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution.
theory x
assumes that workers are basically lazy, error prone, and extrinsically motivated by money and, thus should be directed from above.
theory y
assumes that, given challenge and freedom, workers are intrinsically motivated to achieve selfesteem and to demonstrate their competence and creativity.