Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/43

Click to flip

43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our enviornment
biological rhythms
periodic physiological fluctuations
circadian rhythm
the biological clock regular bodily rhythms (for example, of temperature and wakefulness) that occur on a 24 hour cycle.
REM Sleep
rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur. also known as PARADOXICAL SLEEP, because the muscles are relaxed (except for minor twitches)but other body systems are active
alpha waves
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state.
sleep
periodic, natural, reversible loss of consciouness-as distinct from unconsciouness resulting from a coma, general anestshesia, or hibernation.
hallucinations
false sensory experiences, such as seeing something in teh absense of an external visual stimulus
delta waves
the large, slwo brain waves associated with deep sleep
insomnia
recurring problems in falling or statying asleep
narcolepsy
a sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks. teh sufferer may lapse directly into REM sleep often at inopporutne times.
sleep apnea
a sleep disorder characterized by temporary cessations of breathing during sleep an consequent momentary reawakenings
night terors
a sleep disorder characterzied by high arousal and an appearance of being terrified; unlike nightmares, night terrors occur during stage 4 sleep, wihin 2 or 3 hours of falilng asleep, and are seldom remembered.
dream
a sequence of images, emotions,k and thoughts passing throug a sleeping person's mind. deams are notable for their hallucinatory imager, discontinuities, and incongruities, and for the dreamer's delusional acceptance of the content and later difficulties remembering it.
manifest content
according to Freud, the remembered story line of a dream (as distinct form its latent content.)
latent content
according to freud, the underlying meaning of a dream (as distinct from its manifest content). freud believed that a dream's latent content functions as a safety valve.
REM Bound
teh tendency for Rem Sleep to increase following REm sleep deprivation (created by repeated awakening sduring REM Sleep.)
hypnosis
a social interaction in which one person (the hypnotist) suggests to another (the subject) that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behavior will spontaneously occur.
posthyhypnotic amnesia
supposed inability to recall what one experienced during hypnosis; induced by the hypnotist's suggestion
posthypnotic suggestion
a suggestion, made during a hypnosis session, to be carried out after the subject is no longer hypnotized; used by some clinicians to help control undesired symptoms and behaviors.
dissociation
a split in consciousness, which allows some thoughts and behaviors to occur simultaneously wiht others.
hidden observer
hilgard's term describing a hypnotized subject's awareness of experpeiecnes, such aas pain, that go unreported during hypnosis.
psychoactive drug
a chemical substance that alters perceptions and mood.
tolerance
the diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, requiring the user to take larger and larger doses before experiencing the durg's effect
withdrawal
the discomfort and distress that follow discontinuting the use of an addictive drug
physical dependence
a physiological need for a drug, marked by unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when the drug is discontinued.
psychological dependence
a psychological ened to use a drug, such as to relieve negative emotions.
depressants
drugs(such as alcohol, barbituartes, adn opiates) that reduce neural activity and slow body functions.
stimulants
drugs (such as caffeine, nicotine, adn the more powerful amphetamines and cocain) that excite neural activity and speed up body functions
hallucinogens
psychedelic ("mindmanifesting") drugs, such as LSD, that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in teh absence of sensory input.
barbituarates
drugs tha tdepress the acitivty of the central nervous system, reducing anxiety but impariting memory and judgement.
opiates
opum and its derivatives, such as morphine and heroin; they depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.
amphetamines
drugs that stimulate nerual activity, casuing speeded up body functions and associated energy and mood changes
ecstasy (MDMA)
a synthetic stimulant andmild hallucinogen, produces euphoria and osical intimacy, but with short term health risks and longer terms harm to serotonin producing neurons and to mood and cognition.
LSD
a powerful hallucinogenic drug; also known as acid (lysergic acid diethylamide).
THC
the major active ingredient in marijuana; triggers a variety of effects, including mild hallucinations
near death experience
an altered state of consciousness reported after a close brush with death (such as through cardiac arrest); often similar to drug induced hallucinations.
dualism
the presumption that mind and body are two distinct entities that interact.
monism
the presumption that mind and body are different aspects of the same thing.
annual cycles
maybe give rise to seasonal variations in sleep length
seasonal affective disorder
some poepel in far northern regions may experience a depressed winter mood
twenth eight day cyles
female menstrual cycle
twenty four hour cyles
experience 24 hours of varying and falling alerness, body temperature and growh hormones.
ninety minute cycles
we cycle through various stages of sleep