Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/44

Click to flip

44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Science
1. an objective way to answer questions.
2. based on observable facts and data
3. observable actions
4. thoughts, feelings, sensations, memories
4 things
Rene Oescartes
1. modified dualism
2. behavior doesn't require soil
Charles Darwin
1. theory of natural selection
2. human beings can be understood with science
Wilhelm Wundt
1. From germany
2. wrote first psych book
William Jones
1. started psych at harvard
2. brought psych to U.S.
3. taught a female student
Sigmund Freud
1. everything is the result of aggression and your sexual drive
2. analyzed dreams
3. cocane and cigar smoker
Ivan Pavla
1. Russian Physiologist
2. Discovered conditioned reflexes
Mary Whiton Calkins
1. refused PhD from Harvard
2. 1st female president of ADA
B.F. Skinner
1. taught at Harvard
2. studying, learning, effect of reinforcement
Jean Piaget
1. deserved his own children
2. created stages of cognitive development
What are the four perspectives and what do they focus on?
1. Biological-focuses on the brain and nervous system
2. Cognitive- focuses on mental processes
3. Behavioral-focuses on conditioning
4. Socio cultural- focuses on culture and people around you
Descriptive Statistics
used to describe data
Inferential Statitics
asserts the significance of the data
What are the two types of statistics?
1. Central Tendency
2. Measure of Variability
What are the three measures of Central Tendency?
Mean, Median, and Mode
What does the Scientific Method Theory do for us?
1. used to explain findings of research
2. its never proven
What is replication?
1. means to repeat a research study
2. reapply the original findings
3. used with different participants
What are the three types of research methods?
1. Descriptive Method
2. Survey method
3. Correlation Method
4. Experimental Method
What observations happen during the Descriptive method?
obse (watched and recorded behavior)
naturalistic behavior
What is an example of naturalistic behavior?
tv watching, washing hands
What are the advantages of using the survey method?
1. large numbers of people answer questions
2. lots of participants in a short amount of time
What are the disadvantages of using the survey method?
1. not perfect
2. only replicate a certain range of people
3. questions can be interpreted differently by participants
During the Correlational method what do you observe?
relationships among variables in any behavior latitude
True or False: In the Correlation Method one behavior changes as the other changes.
True
What does the Correlational method allow? and what does the correlation mean?
allows predictions to be made and it means that the stronger the correlation equals a more accurate predicition
In the Correlation method what happens to the variables?
One variable changes as the other changes
What is an example of one variable changing as the other one does the same during the Correlational Method?
height and weight
During the Correlational method what does the correlations range from?
-1 to 1
What happens when the correlations further away from zero?
the correlation is stronger
Science
1. an objective way to answer questions.
2. based on observable facts and data
3. observable actions
4. thoughts, feelings, sensations, memories
4 things
Rene Oescartes
1. modified dualism
2. behavior doesn't require soil
Charles Darwin
1. theory of natural selection
2. human beings can be understood with science
Wilhelm Wundt
1. From germany
2. wrote first psych book
William Jones
1. started psych at harvard
2. brought psych to U.S.
3. taught a female student
Sigmund Freud
1. everything is the result of aggression and your sexual drive
2. analyzed dreams
3. cocane and cigar smoker
Ivan Pavla
1. Russian Physiologist
2. Discovered conditioned reflexes
Mary Whiton Calkins
1. refused PhD from Harvard
2. 1st female president of ADA
B.F. Skinner
1. taught at Harvard
2. studying, learning, effect of reinforcement
Jean Piaget
1. deserved his own children
2. created stages of cognitive development
What are the four perspectives and what do they focus on?
1. Biological-focuses on the brain and nervous system
2. Cognitive- focuses on mental processes
3. Behavioral-focuses on conditioning
4. Socio cultural- focuses on culture and people around you
Descriptive Statistics
used to describe data
Inferential Statitics
asserts the significance of the data
What are the two types of statistics?
1. Central Tendency
2. Measure of Variability
What are the three measures of Central Tendency?
Mean, Median, and Mode