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36 Cards in this Set

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Diabetes mellitus type I
when the pancreas fails to produce insulin. Known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile-onset diabetes mellitus. Must always be treated with subcutaneously injected insulin, diet and exercise
Diabetes mellitus type II
results when the pancreas produces inadequate insulin. Is known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes mellitus. May be treated with insulin or with oral antidiabetic drugs, but most commonly only with diet and exercise.
What is secreted by beta cells in the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas and plays an essential role in sugar metabolism?
insulin
What is genetically produced using recombinant DNA techniques; this avoids the potential for allergic reactions.
Human insulin
The trade name for all human genetically produced insulin is?
Humulin
Humulin-R
Rapid-Acting insulin
Iletin Regular
rapid-acting insulin
Novolin-R
rapid-acting insulin
Iletin NPH
intermediate acting insulin
Lente-L
intermediate acting insulin
Humulin-L
intermediate acting insulin
Ultralente
long-acting insulin
Humulin-U
long-lasting insulin
Humulin 50/50
mixtures of NPH and regular insulin
Humulin 70/30
mixtures of NPH and regular insulin
Novolin 70/30
mixtures of NPH and regular insulin
Dymelor
oral antidiabetic (hypoglycemic) drug to treat type I diabetes mellitus
Diabinese
oral antidiabetic (hypoglycemic) drug used to treat type I diabetes mellitus
Glucotrol
oral antidiabetic (hypoglycemic) drug used to treat type I diabetes mellitus
DiaBeta
oral antidiabetic (hypoglycemic) drug used to treat type I diabetes mellitus
Micronase
oral antidiabetic (hypoglycemic) drug used to treat type I diabetes mellitus
Tolinase
oral antidiabetic (hypoglycemic) drug used to treat type I diabetes mellitus
Orinase
oral antidiabetic (hypoglycemic) drug used to treat type I diabetes mellitus
Glucophage
oral antidiabetic (hypoglycemic) drug used to treat type I diabetes mellitus
Drugs used to treat hypothyroidism (under acting thyroid) are obtained how? Name (2)
1)obtained from natural sources such as desiccated ground beef or pork thyroid gland
2)are synthetically manufactured
dessicated liver
used to treat hypothyroidism
levothyroxine
(Synthroid) drug used to treat hypothyroidism
Cytomel
drug used to treat hypothyroidism
Thyrolar
(T3,T4) drug used to treat hypothyroidism
Triostat injectate
drug used to treat hypothyroidism
antithyroid drugs
drugs used to treat hyperthyroidism (over-acting thyroid). They act by inhibiting the production of T3 and
T4 in the thyjroid gland.
propylthiouracil
antithyroid drug used to treat hyperthyroidism
Tapazole
antithyroid drug used to treat hyperthyroidism
somatropin
drug used to treat the Pituitary gland. The pituitary gland secretes growth hormones. Decreased levels of the hormone inhibit skeletal growth in children. This drug is used as replacement therapy.
Diabetes Insipidus
the pituitary gland secretes vasopressin, which inhibits the excretion of water by the kidneys. Vasopressin is also known as ADH (antidiuretic hormone) because of this effect. A lack of ADH results in diabetes insipidus
vasopressin
(Pitressin) drugs used to treat diabetes insipidus