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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Abduction
Movement away from the midline of the body
Adduction
Movement toward the midline of the body.
Antagonist
Muscle opposes the action of another muscle i.e. muscle spasm.
Dorsiflexion
Flexion backwards of ankle joint -- opposite of plantar
Extension
Straightening out a limb
Fascia
Membrane that covers, supports and separates muscles
Flexion
Decreasing angle between 2 bones -- bending a limb
Muscle origin
Place where the muscle begins (originates)
Muscle insertion
Place where the muscle ends (inserts)
Plantar flexion
Motion that extends the foot downward toward the ground (pointing toes)
Pronation
Turning the hand -- placing the palm downward
Rotation
Circular movement around an axis
Sphincter
Ring-like muscle that tightly constricts the opening of a passageway
Supination
Turning the hand -- placing the palm upward
Synergist
Muscle that acts together with another muscle -- assisting movement
Triceps
Muscle of the posterior upper arm that extends the forearm