Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/47

Click to flip

47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anoxia
Absence of oxygen
aphonia
Loss of the ability to produce normal speech sounds
apnea
Absense of spontaneous respiration
asphyxiation
Interruption of breathing that may result in loss of consciousness or death
asthma
Bronchial airway obstruction
atelectasis
Incomplete expansion of a lung; collapsed lung.
bradypnea
Slow rate of respiration (less than 10 breaths per minute)
Bronchitis
Inflammation of the bronchial tubes.
Croup
Acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness and a barking cough.
Cyanosis
Bluish discoloration of the skin caused by lack of oxygen.
Cystic Fibrosis
Inherited disease of the exocrine glands leading to airway obstruction
Dysphonia
Hoarseness
Dyspnea
Difficult breathing
Emphysema
Progressive loss of lung function caused by enlargement of the alveoli. As they enlarge, the alveoli become less elastic, lose their ability to expel air and eventually rupture. Breathing becomes increasingly rapid, shallow and difficult.
Empyema
Also known as pyothorax. Accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
Epistaxis
Nosebleed
Eupnea
Normal breathing
Hemoptysis
Spitting blood, originating from bronchi or lungs.
Hemothorax
Blood in the pleural cavity
Hyperpnea
Abnormal increase in the depth and rate of respiratory movements.
Hyperventilation
Rapid deep breathing, resulting in decreased levels of carbon dioxide
Hypopnea
Decreased rate and depth of breathing
Influenza
Flu. Acute contagious viral respiratory infection
Laryngitis
Inflammation of the voice box (larynx)
Laryngospasm
Sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx (voice box)
Orthopnea
Labored breathing when lying down, relieved in upright position
Pertussis
Whooping cough, acute infectious disease
Pharyngitis
Inflammation of the throat (sore throat)
Phlegm
Thick mucus secreted by the tissues lining the respiratory passage. When ejected through the mouth it is called sputum
Sputum
Phlegm that is ejected through the mouth
Pleural effusion
Fluid into the pleural cavity between the visceral and parietal pleura
Pleurisy
Inflammation of the pleura (pleuritis)
Pneumoconiosis
Abnormal condition of dust in the lungs after years of environmental or occupational contact.
anthracosis
Pneumoconiosis-abnormal condition of coal dust in the lungs after years of occupational contact.
asbestosis
Pneumoconiosis-abnormal condition of asbestos particles in the lungs after years of occupational contact.
byssinosis
Pneumoconiosis-abnormal condition of cotton,flax or hemp dust in the lungs after years of environmental or occupational contact
silicosis
Pneumoconiosis-abnormal condition of silica dust or glass in the lungs after years of environmental or occupational contact
Pneumonia
Acute inflammation of the lungs (alveoli)
Pulmonary abscess
Large collection of pus (bacterial infection)in the lungs
Pulmonary edema
Accumulation of fluid in the lung tissues.
Pulmonary embolism
Obstruction of blood vessel in the lungs by debris
Rales
Crackling sounds heard on inspiration (breathing in)
Rhinorrhea
Runny discharge from the nose
Rhonchi
Wheezing and squeaking sounds heard on auscultation
Sinusitis
Inflammation of the sinuses
Stridor
High-pitched, harsh sounds heard on inspiration
Tachypnea
Abnormally rapid respiration