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9 Cards in this Set

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Amnion
Innermost membrane enveloping the fetus in utero
Fertilization
Union of ovum and sperm
Menarche
Beginning of menstrual flow that occurs at the onset of puberty
Menopause
Gradual cessation of menstruation
Menstruation
Also known as menses - the normal periodic discharge of bloody fluid. This is the process of shedding of the lining of the uterus.
Ovulation
Each month one ovum matures and released by the ovaries. After it is released from the ovary, it is caught up by the fimbriae of the fallopian tube. If sperm are present, fertilization occurs within the fallopian tube. After the ovum has been released the ruptured Graafian follicle enlarges, takes on a yellow fatty substance and becomes a corpus luteum. The corpus luteum then secretes the hormone progesterone, which maintains the growth of the uterine lining in preparation for the fertilized egg. If the ovum is not fertilized, it dies and the endometrium sloughs off as the menstrual flow.
Parturition
Act of giving birth
Placenta
Afterbirth allowing exchange of nutrients, oxygen, and waste products between the mother and child during pregnancy, without allowing maternal blood and fetal blood to mix
Umbilical cord
Connects the fetus to the placenta, contains two ateries and one vein