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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
mastication
process of chewing food
deglutition
the process of swallowing food
salivary glands
consists of three glands which produce enzymes that aid in the breakdown of starches
epiglottis
a flap of cartilage at the back of the throat which opens and closes allowing air to enter the windpipe and food to enter the throat.
cardiac sphincter
a muscle ring surrounding the opening between esophagus and stomach that opens and closes allowing food to enter the stomach
The stomach is composed of (3)?
1)fundus (upper)
2)body (middle)
3)antrum (lower)
rugae
folds or wrinkles on the stomach so that the stomach can expand if necessary
hydrochloric acid
(gastric juice)enzymes located in the stomach. So strong that one drop of this acid would burn a hole in a carpet.
emulsification
breaking the food down into smaller digestible particles
The small intestine is made up of (3)?
1)duodenum
2)jejunum
3)ileum
jejunum
second part of the small intestine (8 inches long)
ileum
third part of the small intestine (11 inches long)
duodenum
the first, shortest and widest part of the small intestine (10 inches long)
The large intestine is made up of (5)?
1)cecum
2)ascending colon
3)transverse colon
4)descending colon
5)sigmoid colon
cecum
first part of the large intestine (appendix) hangs from the cecum
ascending colon
second part of the large intestine
transverse colon
third part of the large intestine
descending colon
fourth part of the large intestine
sigmoid colon
fifth part of the large intestine
rectum
the lower part of the large intestine, between the sigmoid colon and the anal canal
gallbladder
an accessory organ in the digestive system (pear shaped sac)on the underside or the right lobe of the liver that stores bile received from the liver
pancreas
an accessory organ (large gland located behind the stomach and next to the gallbladder) in the digestive system which produces insulin
spleen
an accessory organ in the digestive system (located on the left side of the abdomen near the stomach)which gets rid of old red blood cell, produces white blood cells for clotting and fights infection. *we can live without our spleen as other organs eill take over its job
appendix
an accessory organ in the digestive system, a finger-like tube that hangs from the lower right side of the large intestine
Name the 3 processes of digestion
1)catabolism
2)anabolism
3)metabolism
catabolism
process of breaking down complex materials (food)to form simpler substances and release energy
anabolism
process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simple materials
metabolism
the total of the chemical process in a cell. This includes both catabolism and anabolism
Name 4 functions of the digestive system
1)ingestion
2)digestion
3)absorption
4)elimination
anus
sphincter-ring of muscles to allow opening and closing