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17 Cards in this Set

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Empiricism
the view that a. knowledge comes from experience via the senses, and b. science flourishes through observationa dn experiment.
structuralism
an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore hte elemental structure of the huuman mind.
fuctionalism
a school of psychology that focused on howmental and behavioral processes function-how they enable the oraganizsm to adapt, survive, adn flourish.
psychology
the science of behavior and mental processes
nature nurture issue
the longstanding controversy over the relative contibutions tha tgenes and experience make to the development of psyhoclogical traits and behaviors
natural selection
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations.
neuroscience
how the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences
evolutionary
how the natural selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of one's genes
behavior genetics
how much our genes and our environemtn influence our individual differences
psychodynamic
how behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts
behavioral
how we learn observable responses
cognitive
how we encode process, store, adn retrieve information
social-cultural
how behavior and htinkign vary across situations and cultures.
basic reserach
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base.
applied reserach
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems.
clinical psyhcology
a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and reats people with psychological disrders
psychiatry
a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical (for example, drug) treatments as well as psycological therapy.