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50 Cards in this Set

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Wadis?
SOME ON ARABIAN PENINSULA

RIVERBEDS THAT REMAIN DRY EXCEPT DURING RAINY SEASON
PHYSICAL FEATURE
MAJOR MT RANGES?
HINDU KUSH (AFGANISTAN, LINKED WITH MTS IN ASIA) , ZAGROS (WESTERN IRAN) , TAURUS MTS (SEPARATE TURKEY WITH SW ASIA)
3 OF THEM
FERTILE CRESCENT?
TIGRIS, EUPHRATES RIVERS RUN THROUGH

ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS LIVED (EX. SUMERIANS, ASSYRIANS, BABYLONIANS)

"CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION"
WHERE LIFE BEGAN?
JORDAN RIVER?
IN LEBANON NEAR MT. HERMON

SEPARATES ISRAEL AND JORDAN

FLOWS THROUGH DEAD SEA
MEET ME BY THE RIVER JORDAN...
DEAD SEA?
LAND LOCKED SALT LAKE

ONLY BACTERIA LIVES IN IT B/C ITS SO SALTY

A LONG TIME AGO EARTH WAS PUSHED AGAINST IT FORMING THE DEAD SEA
ITS CALLED "DEAD" FOR A REASON
GOLAN HEIGHTS WAS FOUGHT FOR...
PLATEAU LOOKING OVER JORDAN RIVER AND SEA OF GALILEE

STRATEGIC LOCATION FOR FIGHTING

TOP OF THE HILL=GOOD
ITS A PLATEAU...
2 MEAIN PENINSULAS AND THEIR IMPORTANCE
ARABIAN PENINSULA= SEPARATES AFRICA BY RED SEA. HELPS GOODS GO THROUGH THE SUEZ CANEL

ANATOLIAN PENINSULA= TURKEY. RIEVERS NEAR IT HELP TRADE AND TRANSPORTATION
BIG PENINSULAS!!
WATER MORE VALUABLE THAN OIL
WATER CAN BE USED FOR HYDROELECTRIC POWER

WATER IS SCARCE

THERE IS MORE OIL (OVER HALF OF WORLD'S SUPPLY!)
OBVIOUS!
eXTREMELY ARID
SOUTHWEST ASIA

LESS THAN 18IN OF RAIN A YR

COVERED WITH ROUGH, DRY TERRAIN

SAND DUNES

AINIMALS AND VEGETATION SURVIVE WITH EXTREME TEMPS
THINK OF ALL THE BAD PLACES TO FARM AND PUT THEM ALL TOGEHTER
RUD AL-KHALI?
KNOWN AS "EMPTY QUARTER" OR "PLACE WHERE NO ONE COMES OUT"

VAST DESERT ABOUT THE SIZE OF TEXAS

ON ARABIAN PENINSULA

SAND RIDGES, DUES

TEMP OF SAND CAN BE UP TO 150 DEGREES!!! SOMETIMES WITHOUT RAIN FOR 10 YRS!
EXAMPLE OF EXTREMELY ARID
iCEBERG STORY
ICEBURGS HOLD WATER

1981-- PEOPLE FROM M.E. TRIED TO BRING ICEBERG HOME ON A BIG BOAT FOR FRESHWATER
WATER CHALLENGES?
FINDING AND STORING WATER DIFFICULT

ONLY SMALL AMOUNTS
AN-NAFUD
desert

occasional oasis
in syria

SEPARATES LEBANON, ISRAEL, SYRIA AND TIGRIS
DASHT-EKAVIR
IN IRAN

CENTRAL PART

SALT FLAT (WINDS EVAPORATE THE MOISTURE IN THE SOIL, CHEMICAL SALTS REMAIN CREATING A SALT FLAT
SEMIARID?
WARM TO HOT SUMMERS

ONLY ENOUGH RAINFALL FOR GRASS AND SHRUBS

GOOD PASTURE FOR ANIMALS
MEDITERRANIAN COASTAL REGION?
GREEN, LUSH

PLATEAUS, MTS
DAMS AND IRRIGATION?
SOME ANCIENT PRACTICES

HELPS MEET NEEDS OF FARMS

NEED FOR DAMS AND IRRIGATION

PROVIDE HYDROELECTRIC POWER

COUNTRIES DOWNHILL GET A DISADVANTAGE

H20 FROM GOLAN HEIGHTS, JORDAN RIVER, SEA OF GALILEE

WATER USED TO SUPPLY DESERT
NATIONAL WATER CARRIER PROJECT
IN ISRAEL

CARRIES FROM NORTHERN PART OF THE COUNTRY

CARRIES TO CENTER AND SOUTH

WATER FROM MT AREAS

EX. GOLAN HEIGHTS, JORDAN RIVER
DRIP IRRIGATION?
REMOVAL OF SALT FROM OCEAN WATER

DONE IN TECHNICAL WATER TREATMENT PLANTS

MAY BE STILL TOO SALTY TO USE

VERY EXPENSIVE

CANNOT MEET THE NEEDS OF ALL THE M.E.
FOSSIL WATER?
WATER PUMPED FROM AQUIFIERS

(WELLS)

BEEN IN AQUIFIER FOR LONG PERIODS O TIME

LITTLE RAINFALL TO REFILL AQUIFIER

25-30 YRS OF WATER REMAINS
REFINERY?
CRUDE OIL PUPED FROM REFINERY

CONVERTS CRUDE OIL INTO USEFUL PRODUCTS

PIPELINES TRANSPORT OIL

BRINGS REFINERIES OR PORTS
JERUSALEM?
3 MAJOR RELIGIONS CAME OUT OF
PLO
PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANIZATION

FOR ARABS TO REGAIN LAND

PERSUED POLITICAL AND MILITARY MEANDS TO TAKE ARAB LAND IN ISRAEL
JERSUSALEM TO JEWS
ANCIENT HOMELAND

LOCATIED IN OLD PART OF THE CITY

KING SOLOMON BUILT FIRST TEMPLE

2ND TEMPLE WAS BUILD IN 538 BC

MODERN JEWS PRAY IN THE HOLIEST SITE

A PORTION (WESTERN WALL) CALLED WAILING WALL IS REMAINING WHICH WAS PART OF THE 2ND TEMPLE DESTROYED IN AD 70
JERUSALEM TO CHRISTIANS
LOCATOIN OF FINAL SUFFERINGS AND CRUCIFIXION OF JESUS

PARTS OF CITY IMPORTANT TO THE LIFE OF JESUS

CHRISTIANS VISIT PLACES LIKE THE MOUNT OF OLIVES NAD THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY SEPULCHRE BY 1000s

WHEN IN MUSLIM CONTROL, CHRISTIANS LAUNCHED CRUSADES

PLACED THEM UNDER CONTROL OF CHRISTIANS

LAND RETURED TO THE CONTROL OF MUSLIMS
JERUSALEM TO MUSLIMS
3RD MOST HOLY CITY

WHERE DOME OF TH EROCK IS

SAID THAT MOHAMMAD ASCENDED INTO HEAVEN

THIS IS WHERE ABRAHAM PERPARED TO SACRIFICE ISAAC (CLASH B/W JEWS AND MUSLIMS)
EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN REGION HISTORY
POLITICAL TENSION AND UNREST

THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE (MUSLIM) CONTROLLED LANDS FROM 1520-1922

GREW WEAK SIDED WITH GERMAY IN WWII

FELL APART AFTER WAR

BRITAIN AND FRANCE GAINED LAND
MESOPOTAMIA
ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS EMERGED FROM HERE

B/W TIGRIS AND EUPHRATES

FERTILE SOIL=GOOD FOR CROPS
HITTITES
BROUGHT IRON WEAPONS TO THE AREA

PRESENT DAY TURKEY
TALIBAN?
IN AFGANISTAN

MUSLIM FUNDAMENTALISTS

STRICT RULES AGAIN PPL'S OPINIONS

SUSPECTED AS TERRORISTS OF 9/11

POLITICAL GROUP
SHIITE VS SUNNI
ISLAM SPLIT IN 2 DIVISIONS

83% ARE SUNNI

MOST SHIITE LIVE IN IRAQ AND AFGANISTAN

SUNNI LIVE IN TURKEY, IRAQ, AFGANISTAN

DIVISION STARTED AFTER MOHAMMAD'S DEATH
KURD STRUGGLES VS TURKEY
KURDS ARE A STATELSS SOCIETY

LIVE IN TURKEY, IRAN, IRAQ

THEY WERE PORMISED A HOMELAND AFTER WWI (NEVER GOT ONE)

KURDS CLASHED WITH TURKEY, IRAN, IRAQ GOV'TS
OIL IN PERSIAN GULF?
OIL WAS FOUND IN IRAN IN 1908

BRITISH AND RUSSIAN FOUGHT FOR OIL

WARS IN 80S AND 90S TO GET THE OIL

FIGHTING ALSO TO KEEP OIL FEILDS OPEN
IRAN, TURKEY, MODERNIZING?
CREATING WATER RESOURCES

TURKEY WANTS TO BE PART OF THE EU

TURKEY HAS A LOT OF STEEL

GOOD PLACE FOR TRADE

IRANS GOVT HAS HAD CHANGE

ECONOMIC GROWTH

OIL MONEY

DIVERSITIZING ECONOMY

IRAN IS STILL RECOVERING FROM WAR
PROGRESS INTERRUPTED?
POLITICAL PROBLEMS

WAR RECOVERY

RESTRICTIONS BY US

LACKS TRANSPORTATION

NOT ENOUGHT WORKERS

CIVIL WAR

REFECTED EFFORTS TO MODERIZE

US BOMBS THEM.... HEH HEH

HUSSEIGN MEAN TO NEIGHBORS
BRITISH CONTROL OF PALESTINE
19TH CENTURY--ZIONISM BEGAN
(SUPPORT JEWISH HOMELAND IN PALESTINE)

JEWISH SETTLERS BOUGHT LAND THERE

BRITISH CONTROLLED REGION BUT LET JEWS MOVE THERE (ARABS APPRECIATED THE $)

ARABS AND JEWS BEGAN CONFLICTING

SO NO MORE JEWS COULD IMMIGRATE THERE

* JEWS MOVED TO ISRAEL TO FULFILL COVENANT *

TRANSJORDAN MADE FOR ARABS

BRITAIN ALLOWED JEWS TO BUY LAND... GEWS GOT SCARED DURING WWII SO MOVED TO PALESTINE
HOW WAS ISRALE CREATED
AFTER WII, JEWISH SURVIVORS WANTED TO MOVE TO PAELSTINE

WORLD OPINON- MAKE JEWISH NATION-STATE

1947=PLAN BY UN TO DIVIDE PALESTINE IN 2 PARTS (ONE FOR ARABS, ONE FOR JEWS)
OBSTACLES IN STABILITY?
ARABS DISAGREED WITH THE DIVISION

THE NATIONS OF EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN WERE YOUNG

MANY POLITICAL DIVISIONS, REFUGEES, LACK OF WATER, WEAK INFRASTRUCTURE
WHY IS INFRASTRUCTURE PROBLEMATIC?
COUNTRIES LACK A STRONG INFRASTRUCTURE

ROADS NEEDED REBUILT ETC

ALREADY HAVE A POTENTIAL FOR DEVELOPMENT

GOOD CLIMATE, GOOD FOR TOURISM, GOOD LOCATION
RESTAURANT EXPERIENCE
LESS COMMON TO EAT OUT

SEPARATE AREAS FOR MEN AND WOMAN

CAFES AND COFFEE SHOPS ONLY FOR MEN

EAT LATE (8-11) B/C OF PRAYER

THICK COFFEE AND TEA SERVED
CULTURES OF LEBANON
REGUGE FOR MUSLIMS, CHRISTIANS

MANY SHIITE MUSLIMS

DRUZE ALSO LIVE THERE (SECRETIVE ABOUT THEIR RELIGIOUS PRACTICES)

THEY LIVE IN THE MT AREAS

WIDE VARIEY OF CULTURES AND RELIGIOUS PRACTICES
ISRAEL'S DIVERISTY?
MANY IMMIGRANTS

MANY ARE JEWISH

FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD

THE FOCUS OF JEWISH CULTURE DRAWS PPL OF THIS DIVERSE GROUP TOGETHER

HOME OF ARAB MUSLIMS

THERE'S SOME CHRISTIANS AND BAHAI

BRING VARIEY OF LANGUAGES AND LIFESTYLES
GUEST WORKERS?
USED TO FILL JOB OPENINGS

MOSTLY FROM S, E, ASIA

FILL JOBS THAT WERE UNACCEPTABLE FOR BATIVES

90% OF WRKRS IN UAE

CULTURAL DIFFERENCES B/C OF NATIVES AND GUEST WORKERS
STATELESS NATION?
CONFLICTS: B/W KURDS AND OTHER GROUPS

AFTER WWI, ALLIES RECOMMENDED CREATING STATE FOR THE GROUP

KURDS JUST BECAME A PART OF OTHERNATIONS (TURKEY, IRAQ, IRQN, SYRIA)

BECAME STATELESS SOCIETY (NATIONS OF PPL WITHOUT A LAND TO LEGALLY OCCUPY)

GOVTS MOVE KURDS BY FORCE TO CONTROL THEM
CHANGE THAT OIL MADE ON M.E.
GAVE M.E. TECHNOLOGY

HELPED PUMP FUEL FROM GROUND

GAINED WEALTH FROM OIL

LED TO URANIZATION

NEW ROAD CONSTRUCTIONS MADE IT EASIER TO ENTER CITIES AND TOWNS

MIGRATE TO CITIES TO FIND JOBS AND SHARE IN CITY'S RICHES

MANY JOBS AVAILIBLE
HISTORY OF PALESTINIANS?
ARABS LIVING IN AREA USED TO CALLED PALESTINE IS NOW ISRAEL

STATELESS NATION

ARABS IN PALESTINE WERE PROMISED A HOMELAND

52 REGUGEE CAMPS...

REGUGEES CANNOT RETURN HOME OR IT WILL CAUSE CONFLICT

ABOUT 8.2 MILLION PALESTINIANS WRLD WIDE
STRATEGIC COMMODITY?
AT THE BEGINNING OF 21ST CENTURY.. OIL FUELED INDUSTRY AND TRANSPORTATION (AND ECONOMIES)

STRATEGIC COMMODITY-- RESOURCE SO IMPORTANT THAT NATIONS GO TO WAR OVER IT

BLACK GOLD WAS AN EXAMPLE
QUEEN NOOR'S OPINION
EDUCATION CHANGED WOMEN'S ROLES

NOW GIVEN MORE RIGHTS

GIVES COUNTRY MORE MONEY=MORE JOBS
OIL PRICES IN 96-97 TAUGHT M.E....
NATIONS REALIZED THAT THEY COULDNT SOLEY RELY ON OIL

MADE OIL PRICES LOW AT THE TIME
3 ECONOMIC GROWTH CHALLENGES?
MODERNIZE INFRASTRUCTURE:

NEW IRRIAGATION SYSTEMS, ROADS, MALLS, ETC


DEVELOPING RESOURCES:
NEED MORE PRODUCTS TO DIVERSIFY

WELLS, DAMS NEEDED FOR WATER

THEY NEED CERTAIN THINGS TO MEET ECONOMIC NEEDS


HUMAN RESOURCES:

SKILLED WORKERS NEEDED

WOMAN NEEDED TO WORK SOMETIMES TO FILL JOBS

* A SUCCESSFUL ECONOMY IS BUILT IF ALL ITS PPL WORK TOGETHER *