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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Charter Oath
-1868 in Japan
-creates a National Assembly
-gets rid of ridiculous old customs
-unity of all classes
-seeks knowledge from around the world
Iwakura Mission
-1871
-Japanese send delegates to renegotiate unfair treaties
-learn western customs
Saigo Takamori
-Japanese that wanted to invade Korea in retaliation for suspension of trade at Japan House
-Led the Satsuma rebellion(last samurai rebellion)
Fukuzawa Yukichi
"part with asia"
Mito School
-revere the emperor and expel the foreigners
-interested in history and primary documents
-religious ceremony and government are intertwined
Practical Statecraft (Dutch Studies)
-learning must be applicable to the day--confucianism is outdated
-need to know about western technology to survive
Matthew Perry
-1853 sailed ships into Edo, forced shogunate to sign Kanagawa Treaty of Friendship
Harris Treaty
-1858
-extraterritoriality for US in Japan
-Japan would open cities for trade
-Japan had to accept low tariffs on imported goods
Ito Hirobumi
-drafted the constitution of Meiji Japan
-became prime minister
Russo-Japanese War
-1904-5
-fought over Korea
-Ended by portsmouth treaty
Minobe Tatsukichi
-The Diet is an organ that represents the people
-THe emperor is merely an organ of the state
Treaty of Shimonoseki
-1895
-China must pay indemnity of silver to Japan
-China loses Taiwan
-Korea is independent
-Ports are opened to Japan
Triple Intervention
-France Britain and Germany force Japan to give up the Liaotung Peninsula
Treaty of Kanghwa
-Kojong forced to sign it by Japan lest he be invaded
-Extraterratoriality
-Ports are opened up
-Korea is supposedly on same level as Japan
Taewongun
-regent of Kojong
-doesn't want ties to Japan or west
-abducted by Qing troops because his hostility to Japan was seen as a threat
Eastern Learning
-Tonghak--new religion that combined buddhism, confucianism, and daoism
Sun Yat-sen
-Anti-manchu revolutionary
-Three People's Principles: Nationalism, Democracy, People's Livelihood (socialism)
Yuan Shikai
-brought to power by Qing after 1911 Revolution
-declared himself emperor and set up a police state--chinese people not ready for democracy
Long March
-1934
-Communist soldiers march north to look for a new base after being encircled by Nationalists
Mukden Incident
-1931
-Japanese sabatoge own railway and blame on Chinese to give a reason to invade Manchuria
-set up Manchukuo
Whampoa Academy
-established by Chiang Kai-shek
-military academy that becomes a political training ground
May 15th incident
Mill workers on strike are killed by Japanese officials in China
May 30th incident
British officials open fire on a crowd in China
Northern Expedition
1926
-Launched by KMT to gain support
Shanghai Spring
1927
-Chiang Kai-shek cuts a deal with the Green Gang and other underworlders; for their support he'll ignore their purging of unions
-KMT kills people once they find out and protest
May Fourth Movement
1919
-word arrives the Chinese are left out at Versaille despite their war effort
-protests in Tiananmen are put down violently
Nurhaci
Founder of Qing Dynasty
Member of the Jurchens
claims Jurchens descend from the Jin Dynasty
Jurchens
-tribal group from manchuria
-later called the Manchus
-found the Qing
Zunghars
Mongols, led by Galden, that rival the Qing
Galden
Leads the Zunghars, that rival the Qing
Banner Units
-organized Manchus
-large bureaucratic system
-membership is hereditary
-state is involved with members' lives
-banners separated from rest of society
Ashikaga
Warring states period in Japan
Daimyo
local leaders in Tokugawa Japan
Oda Nobunaga
makes Japanese unification feasible
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Unites most of Japan
Says he's doing it for others--Tenka (the realm)
Ieyasu Tokugawa
unites Japan
Battle of Sekigahara
Between Ieyasu and those that remain loyal to Hideyoshi's son and heir
Burakumin
outcastes in Japan--hereditary
Hinin
"non humans" in Japan; based on occupation
Floating World (Yoshiwara)
entertainment quarter
coutesans come to gain promenance and fame
Yi Song-gye
established the Choson dynasty
King Yongjo
kills son Prince Sado
Zhu Xi
offers a neat synthesis that becomes neo-confucianism
Neoconfucianism
-look within to find the order that applies to all things
-everything is linked
- women have fewer privelages
-more spiritual than confucianism
Cohong
merchants with the monopoly on certain goods
dealt with foreigners instead of Qing
Hoppo
-Head of Cohong in Canton
Lin Zexu
point man in fight against Opium
thought if he acted morally, the British would withdraw
Treaty of Nanking
1842
China opens 5 ports to British
Indemnity
Cohong monopoly abolished
Hong Kong given to British
White Lotus Rebelion
-belief in Eternal Venerable Mother
Nian Rebellion
1851-1868
Yellow river flooded and groups of bandits formed to stay alive
Taiping Rebellion
Guangxi Province
Minority Hakka follow a new kind of Chritianity
Tongzhi Restoration
-led by Prince Gong
-adopts western style diplomacy
-establishes a translation college
National Learning
Led by Motoori Norinaga
focus on national identity
descended from Sun Goddess
General Sherman
Boat sails to Pyongyang, fires on people on banks of river, gets stuck, and crew is massacred