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41 Cards in this Set

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Konrad Adenauer
a German who had administrative experience but had not been tainted by association with the Nazis for positions of leadership; founding father of West German; leader of the Christian Democratic Union
Clement Atlee
represented Britain’s Labour Party at Potsdam
Aduard Benes
president of Czechoslovakia , the only democratic government that coexisted with the S.U.
Winston Churchill
represented Britain at Potsdam; “iron curtain” speech; defeated by Atlee in elections; Prime minister until 1955 again; involved in Congress of Europe which was the first path to political and economic unification of Europe
Ho Chi Minh
affiliated with the Comintern; created the Viet Minh, a broadly based nationalist movement heavily influenced by Vietnamese communists;
Mohandas Gandhi
tried to keep India intact before Pakistan was carved out of it
George F. Kennan
wrote the “Long Telegram” from the U.S. Embassy in Moscow; idea of containment came from this
Kim Il Sung
North Korean communist and nationalist who tried to reunited the peninsula;
Douglas MacArthur
U.S. commander of the occupation administration in Japan; tried to reestablish a tradition of parliamentary democracy
George C. Marshall
Secretary of State under Truman who helped with economic and social recovery of Europe
Mao Zedong
Chinese Communist Party under him shaped Cold War in 2 ways: formed People’s Republic of China; his ideas and revolutionary romanticism associated with his past acocmplishemtnes heightened a fear that ever national liberation movement would end up as a communist victory
Jan Masaryk
Czech foreign minister and son of founder of the Republic who died in a mysterious fall from his office window in 1948 iun the process of replacing a democratic coalition government with a communist one
Achmad Sukharno
destroyed power vacuum in the Dutch East Indieas until Indonesian nationalists declared independence in 1945
Harry Truman
President of U.S. at Potsdam Conference in 1945; Truman doctrine said that the U.S. woudl ehlp any government threatened by invasion from without or subversion from within
Israeli War of 1948-49
Israeli War of 1948-49– The Arabs attempted to destroy Israel when the British left; Israel defeated them; terrorism and war began to take place for 50 years
Battle of Dien Bien Phu
French attempted to defeat the Viet Minh deciseively here; Americans refused to intervene; caused division of Vietnam
Bizonia
1947, the British and American German zones fused into a single economic anbd administrative unit; eventually formed West Germany
Berlin blockade
June 23 1948 to May 12 1949; a visible sign of increasing Cold War tension
Berlin airlift
the counter-tactic to the Berlin blockade
Brussels Treaty
produced NATO; signed by Britain France, Belgium Luxembourg and the Netherlands; Europeans agrreed to the formation of an informal American empire in the interests of collective security
colons
Europeans who lived in Algeria controlling it economy and government;
Cominform
successor to the Cominterm; established with headquarters in Yugo; evidence of a communist movement; main taks was to tighten Soviet control of eastern Europe
containment
came from “The Long Telegram; idea that the S.U. respected strength and would back down if U.S. met every move with a countermove;
Czech coup (1948)
Feb 1948; symbolized the phenomenon of tightening Soviet control in eastern Europe
Federal Republic of Germany (FRG)
the West zone; zone officially set in 1949
Geneva Conference (1954)
the Russians and the Chinese pressed the Viet Minh to accept a division of Vietnam into a non-communist and communist government; elections would be held in 1956 to unite Vietnam supposedly
German Democratic Republic (GDR)
the east communist zone in 1949
“Iron Curtain”
Churchill’s speech in 1946 marked the beginning; 1990, it was over
Korean War
one of the Asian developments that contr. to Cold War; Kim Il Sung tried to unite the peninsula
“Long Telegram”
George F. Kennan sent an 8000 word telegram detailing his sense of how Russians viewed their history and the present moment; came up with idea of containment
Lublin Poles
the new Polish communist government, installed in 1945 by the Soviets
Manhattan Project
American efforts to build a bomb; Stalin knew a good deal about it through reports sent to S.U. by spies;
Marshall Plan
the economic counterpart to the Truman Doctrine; Marshall used the Harvard commencement in 1947 as a launching plan; S.U. saw it as an American maneuver in the Cold War
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization was formed in 1949 out of the brussels Treaty;
Peoples Republic of China
formed by Mao Zedong; major deve. in world communist movement;
Potsdam Conference
meeting between Allied leaders in summer of 1945 at Potsdam, a suberb of Berlin; Truman from U.S., Stalin for Soviet Union, Churchill anbd Atlee from Britain; questions arose about composition of Polish government and administration of occupied Germany;
Suez Canal Crisis
joint attack between British, France, and Israel in 1946 in Arab war failed;
“Third World”
emergence of dozens of new nations in 50's and 60's began to change the nature of international relations;
Truman Doctrine
Truman’s policy to help any government threatened by invasion from without or subversion from within in 1947
United Nations
Main forum for discussion of international strife post- WWII;
Viet Minh
formed by Ho Chi Minh, a broadly based nationalist movement heavly inflouenced by the Vietnamese communists