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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A text file that hold mappings of host names to IP addresses.
/etc/hosts
The file on a Linux system that keeps track of all logons and logoffs to the system.
/var/log
The most popular web server for Linux installations.
apache
The Linux DNS package used to resolve host names to IP Addresses which installs a server under the filename named.
BIND
A program that runs constantly, providing background services. Linus servers are typically implemented as daemons, although there are a few nonserver daemons.
daemon
The process of eliminating problems with a program.
debug
One of there "client" programs that allows a workstation to have its IP Address settings remotely configured.
dhclient
A computer that functions as a router between two networks
gateway
Locates files that include a specified search string.
grep
Displays the first 10 lines of a text file.
Head
Configures a network interface, or displays information on the configuration.
ifconfig
A server that listens for network connections on behalf of other servers and then launches the target servers as required.
inetd
Displays a text file a page at a time. Provides more features that the more command.
less
The default name give to a Linux machine.
localhost
Displays help information on a command, configuration file or other system feature.
man
The utility used to load a network hardware driver.
modprobe
Sends a single packet to a target system, which should, reply, confirming the existence of a basic connection.
ping
The default mailserver for several Linux distributions such as Mandrake and SuSE. Simpler to configure that Sendmail, it uses a single configuration file.
Postfix
The program provides file and print services for various Microsoft Windows clients and can intergrate with a Windows Server domain, either as Primary Domain Controller (PDC) or as a domain member. It can also be part of an Active Directory domain.
Samba
The most common email program on the Internet. Several distributions such as Fedora, Red Hat and Slackware use it as the default mail server program.
Sendmail
The configuration file used by the log daemon.
syslog
Displays the last 10 lines of a text file.
tail
Traces the route taken by packets between two computers, enabling you to isolate problems to specific areas of the trip.
traceroute
Displays the time the system has been running, as well as three load averages (for the past minute, the past 5 minutes, and the past 15 minutes)
uptime
A utility to search a database for a domain name, IP address, or NIC name and usually contains administrative and technical contacts so that you can find a person to handle problems at that domain.
whois