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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name 4 general categories that can affect mobility.
Trauma, disease, normal aging, health events
Describe the effects of mobility on the urinary sys
increased blood flow to kidneys, efficiency to maintain fluid and acid-base balance, and efficiency in excreting wastes
Describe the effects of immobility on the urinary sys
increase in urinary stasis (uti's), risk for renal calculi and decreased bladder muscle tone.
Describe the psychological effects of mobility.
more energy, vitality, general well-being improved, better sleep, better appearance, positive health behaviors, endorphins released for sense of well being, better posture.
Describe the psychological effects of immobility
increased sense of powerlessness, decreased self-concept, social interaction and sensory stimulation. Increased risk for depression and an altered sleep-wake pattern
Describe the effects of mobility on skin
improved tone, color, turgor, circulation and perfusion
Describe the effects of immobility on the skin
increased risk for skin breakdown and ulcers, decrease in vit D, turgor, and proprioceptor abilities
Describe the effects of mobility on the cardiovascular sys
increased efficiency, heart rate, blood flow, and oxygenation to all parts of body. Decreased resting heart rate and BP.
Describe the effects of immobility on the cardiovascular sys
increased cardiac workload, decreased stroke vol, size of heart decreases, lf ventricle decreases, increased risk from DVT, orthostatic hypotension
Describe the effects of mobility on the metabolic sys
increased efficiency of metabolic sys, body temp regulation, resistance to physical stress, sympathetic nervous sys, glucose production, regulation of fluids and electrolytes
Describe the effects of immobility on the metabolic sys
metabolic rate drops, decreased protein and nitrogen breakdown. Decreased anabolic rate and increased catabolic rate, peripheral glucose uptake declines, circadian rhythm cycle is affected, decreased immune sys
Describe the effects of mobility on the musclarskeletal sys
increase muscle efficiency, nerve transmission, coordination, posture and flexibility
Describe the effects of immobility on the musclarskeletal sys
decreased muscle size, tone, strength, flexibility, endurance and stability of skeleton. Increased risk of osteoporosis, contracture formation, fractures, and tissue breakdown.
Describe the effects of mobility on the respiratory sys
increased depth, rate, gas exchange, rate of CO2 excretion and illness prevention
describe the effects of immobility on the respiratory sys
lung vol, tidal vol, ventil/perfusion ratio, and chest/lung expansion changes. decreases in comliance, risk for alveoli collapse, gas exchange, bacterial buildup and hypoxemia
Describe the effects of mobility on the GI sys
increased appetite and intestinal tone
Describe the effects of immobility on the GI sys
disturbance in appetite, altered protein metabolism, weight gain, slow intestinal movement and altered digestion and utilization of nutrients
What is the lovetts scale?
a test that grades muscle strength from 0-no evidence of muscle contractility to 5- normal with unimpaired ROM and full resistance
What is the Functional Independence Measure (FIM)?
a test that indicates ability. Attempts to quantify what the person actually does, whatever the diagnosis or impairment. eg. ADL's, sphincter control, cognition etc.
What is the Gordon's Functional Health Patterns test?
A test for musclarskeletal assessment. Usually used in rehab measures and grades from 0-4