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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ring enhacing lesions?
(“MAGIC DR”)
Metastasis
Abscess
Glioblastoma multiforme
Infarct (subacute phase)
Contusion
Demyelinating disease
Resolving hematoma, radiation necrosis
suprasellar masses?
(“SATCHMO”)
Sella (pituitary) tumor, sarcoid
Aneurysm, arachnoid cyst
Teratoma
Craniopharyngioma
Hypothalamic glioma, hamartoma of tuber cinereum, histiocytosis
Meningioma
Optic nerve glioma
Cerebellopontine Masses?
“AMEN”
acoustic schwannoma (vestibular)
meningioma
ependymoma
neuroepithelial cyst
Discriminators for Benign Lytic Bone Lesions?
"FEGNOMASHIC"
fibrous dysplasia
enchondroma,eosinophilic granuloma
giant cell tumor
nonissifying fibroma
osteoblastoma
metastatic dz. melanoma
aneurysmal bone cyst
solitary bone cyst
hyperparathyroidism(brown tumor)
infection
chondroblastoma, chondromyxoid fibroma
Calcified Glial Tumors?
“Old Elephants Age Gracefully,” in Order of Frequency
Oligodendroglioma
Ependymoma
Astrocytoma
Glioblastoma multiforme
DDX for cystic rib lesions
Fame
FD
ABC
Mets
EG/Enchondroma
DDX for multiple lytic lesions
FEEMHI
FD
Enchondroma
EG
Mets/MM
Hyperparathyroidism
Infection
Causes of AVN
Plastic Rags
Etiology ("PLASTIC RAGS"):

P
pancreatitis
L
lupus
A
alcohol
S
steroids
T
trauma
I
idiopathic, infection
C
caisson disease, collagen vascular disease

R
radiation, rheumatoid arthritis
A
amyloid
G
Gaucher disease
S
sickle cell disease

findings:

* sclerosis
* crescent sign
* collapse (e.g., of femoral head)
What are the assoc with tracheo-esophageal fistula/atresia?
VACTERAL

Vertebral Anomalies
Anorectal
CV
Tracheal
Esophageal
Renal
Limb
Patients who have small bowel obstruction “HAVE FITS” of pain.
Patients who have small bowel obstruction “have fits” of pain.



H- Hernia

A- Adhesion

V- Volvulus

E- Extrinsic mass (abscess)

F- Foreign body

I- Intussusception

T- Tumor

S- Stricture (Crohn's disease)
Wormian bones mnemonic

PORK CHOPS
P
pyknodysostosis
O
osteogenesis imperfecta
R
rickets in healing phase
K
kinky hair syndrome

C
cleidocranial dysplasia
H
hypothyroidism / hypophosphatasia
O
otopalatodigital syndrome
P
primary acro-osteolysis (Hadju-Cheney) / pachydermoperiostosis
S
syndrome of Down
Causes of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema is

Not Cardiac
NOT CARDIAC
near-drowning,
oxygen therapy,
transfusion or trauma,
CNS disorder,
ARDS, aspiration, or altitude sickness,
renal disorder or resuscitation,
drugs,
inhaled toxins,
allergic alveolitis,
contrast or contusion
Branches of the external carotid artery?
SALFOPSI
Superior Thryroid
Ascending pharyngeal
Lingual artery
Facial artery (external Maxillary)
Occipital
Posterior auricular
Superficial temporal
Internal Maxillary
Tumors that metastasize to the bone?

PB KetTLE
prostate
breast
kidney
thyroid
lung

most go to the red marrow in the axial skeleton
Causes of Papillary Necrosis
POSTCARD
POSTCARD
pyelonephritis
obstruction
scd
tb/trauma
cirrhois/coagulopathy
analgesiscs
rvt
dm
germ cell tumors
SECTE
Seminoma
Emryonal Cell Carcinoma
Choriocarcinoma
Teratoma
Endodermal SInus Tumor
Hot Bone Lesions
NATI MAIN
Neoplasm
Arthropathy
Trauma
Infection
Metastasis
Aseptic Necrosis
Papilary Necrosis
POSTCARD
"POSTCARD"
Pyelonephritis
Obstructiveu roPathY
Sickle cell disease
TuberculosisT,r auma
Cirrhosis= alcoholismC, oagulopathy
Analgesicn ephropathY
Renal vein thrombosis
Diabetesm ellitus( 50%)
Metastasis to the chest
CHEST
“CHEST”
Choriocarcinoma 60% Hypernephroma / Wilms tumor 30/20%
Ewing sarcoma 18% Sarcoma (rhabdomyo-/osteosarcoma) 21/15% Testicular tumor 12%
cancers that spread via lymphatics
Certain Cancers Spread By Plugging The Lymphatics - cervix, colon, stomach, breast, pancreas, thyroid, larynx
Hypervascular mets
CHIMP
Carcinoid
Hypernephroma
Islet cell
Melanoma
Pheochromocytoma
Mnemonic for Etiologies of Acroosteolysis

PINCH FO
• PINCH FO
• Psoriasis
• Injury (thermal burn, frost bite)
• Neuropathy
o Diabetes
o Leprosy
• Collagen vascular disease
o Scleroderma
o Raynaud's disease
• Hyperparathyroidism
• Familial (Hadju-Cheney syndrome)
• Other
o Polyvinyl chloride exposure
o Progeria
Scorpion/Snake venom
Elevated AFP

GEM MINER CO
GEM MINER CO
 Gastroschisis
 Esophageal atresia
 Multiple gestations
 Molar pregnancy
 Incorrect dates
 Neural tube defects
 Error (lab)
 Renal disease in fetus
 Chorioangioma
 Omphalocele
Solitary lucent skull lesions
HELP ME
Hemangioma,
Epidermoid/dermoid, Leptomeningeal cyst / Lambdoid suture defect,
Paget’s (osteoporosis circumscripta) / Post-surgical, Metastasis,
Eosiniphilic granuloma, Encephalocele
scallopong of a vertebral body
DAMN MALE SHAME
Dermoid
Ankylosing spondylitis
Meningioma
Neurofibromatosis
Marfan syndrome
Acromegaly
Lipoma
Ependymoma
Syringohydromyelia
Hydrocephalus
Achondroplasia
Mucopolysaccharidoses
Ehlers-Danlossy ndrome
Dense metaphyseal bands
DENSELINES
¨ D–vitamin intoxication
Elemental arsenic and heavy metals (lead, bismuth, phophorus)
Normal variant (most common)
Systemic illness
Estrogen to mother during pregnancy
Leukemia
Infection (TORCH), Idiopathic hypercalcemia
Never forget healed rickets
Early hypothyroidism (cretinism)
Scurvy, congenital Syphilis, Sickle cell dz
Methotrexate therapy
Mets to liver
LECOMBO
◊ Lung
◊ Esophageal
◊ Colon
◊ Oat cell, Ovarian
◊ Melanoma
◊ Breast
◊ Osteogenic sarcoma
Small Colon
MI MICA
Meconium ileus, Meconium peritonitis (cystic fibrosis), Maternal MgSO4 /
Ileal / jejunal atresia /
Megacystis-microcolon-hyperperistalsis syndrome / Colonic atresia (distal to the atretic segment) / Aganglionosis (Hirschsprung’s disease)
Polyhydramnios
TARDI
mnemonic.' "TARDl"
Twins
Anomaliesf,e tal
Rh incompatibility
Diabetes
ldiopathic
Oligohydramnios
DRIPPC
Demise of fetus / Drugs
Renal anomalies
IUGR (reduced renal perfusion)
Premature rupture of membranes (most common)
Postmaturity
CHromosomal abnormalities
Nephrocalcinosis (mnemonic)
MARCH
Medullary sponge kidney
Alkali excess
RTA
Chronic glomerulonephritis
Hyperoxalosis/calcemia/calciuria
Microcolon:
mnemonic.' "Ml MICA"
Meconium ileus,Meconium peritonitis(cysticfibrosis)
lleal ljejunal atresia
Megacystis-microcolon-hypoperistalsis syndrome
Colonic atresia (distal atretic segment)
Aganglionosis(Hirschsprungd isease
Basilar Invagination
PF Roach
“PF ROACH”
Paget’s disease
Fibrous Dysplasia
Rickets
Osteomalacia
Osteogenesis imperfecta
Achondroplasia
Cleidocranial dysplasia
Hyperparathyroidism
Hurler’s syndrome
Bladder wall calcifications
SCRITT
Schistosomiasis
Cytoxan
Radiation
Interstitial cystitis
TB
TCC
Germ cell tumors
ChESTY
Germ cell tumors: ChESTY
Choriocarcinoma
Embryonal cell carcinoma
Seminoma
Teratoma
Yolk sac tumor
Striated Nephrogram
CHOIR BOY
Mnemonic: CHOIR BOY
Contusion
Hypotension (systemic)
Obstruction (ureteral)
Intratubular obstruction
Renal vein thrombosis
Bacterial nephritis (acute) Obstruction (ureteral) – twice b\c it’s so common
Yes, also cystic diseases i.e. medullary sponge kidney, infantile PCKD, and medullary cystic disease
cortical nephrocalcinosis
COAG
cortical nephrocalcinosis
"COAG"
Cortical necrosis (acute)
Oxalosis
Alport syndrome
Chronic Glomerulonephritis
Medullary Nephrocalcinosis
"HAM HOP"
Medullary Nephrocalcinosis
"HAM HOP"
Hyperparathyroidism
Acidosis (renal tubular)
Medullary spongekidney
Hypercalcemia/ hypercalciuria(sarcoidosis, milk alkali
syndrome, hypervitaminosis D, )
Oxalosis
Papillary necrosis
Increased Atlanto-axial distance
JAP LARD
Increased Atlanto-axial distance
JAP LARD”
Juvenile Rheumatoid arthritis, Ankylosing spondylitis,
Psoriatic arthritis,
Lupus,
Accident (trauma),
Retropharyngeal abscess / Rheumatoid arthritis,
Down’s
Morquio
Basilar Invagination
PF ROACH
' "PF ROACH"
Paget disease
Fibrous dysplasia
Rickets
Osteogenesis imperfecta, Osteomalacia
Achondroplasia
Cleidocranial dysplasia
Hyperparathyroidism, Hurlers syndrome
Hemorrhagic Metastases to Brain (in 34%):
MATCH
Hemorrhagic Metastases to Brain (in 34%):
mnemonic.' "MATCH"
Melanoma
Anaplastic lung carcinoma
Thyroid carcinoma - papillary
choriocarcinoma
Hypernephroma

however lung and breast most common.
Oligohydramnios
DRIPPPC
Oligohydramnios
Mnemonic, DRIPPPC
Demise of fetus / Drugs
Renal
IUGR (reduced renal perfusion)
Premature rupture of membranes (most common)
Postmaturity
Chromosomal abnormalities
Polyhydramnios
TARDl"B
Polyhydramnios
TARDl"
Twins
Anomalies fetal
Rh incompatibility
Diabetes
Idiopathic
And Neural tube defects/bone defects
Childhood Orbital Masses
LO VISION
Leukemia
Optic Nerve Glioma
Vascular Malformations
Inflammation
Sarcoma/Rhabdosarcome
Opthalmopathy, Orbital Pseudotumor
Neuroblastoma
ILD Upper Lobe Distribution
CASSET P
Cystic Fibrosis
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Silicosis
Sarcoid
EG (spares costophrenic angles)
Tuberculosis
PCP
ILD
Lower Lobe Distribution
Badas
Bronchiectasis
Aspiration
Drugs, DIP
Asbestosis
Scleroderma
Calcified Pleural Plaques
TAFT
Tuberculosis
Asbestosi
Fluid
Talc
Increased Pulmonary Vascularity
TGA
TA
TAPVC
Tricuspid Atresia
Tingle Ventricle
Thick Irregular Folds Barium Study
WAG CLEM
Whipple's
Amyloid
Giardiasis, GVH, Gammaglobulinopathy
Cryptosporidiosis
Lymphoma, Lymphangiectasia
Lactase deficiency
Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis
MAC
Dilated Loops, Normal Folds
SOSO
Sprue
Obstruction
Scleroderma
Other, Meds, post vagotomy
Hypercalcemia
PAM SCHMIDT
Parathyroid adenoma, Hyperplasia
Addison's
Milk alkali syndrome
Sarcoid
Carcinomatosis
Hyperparathyroidism, secondary
Myeloma
Immobilization
D vitamin
Thiazides
General Differential
TICMTV
Tumor
Inflammatory
Congenital
Metabolic/Drugs
Trauma
Vascular
Bladder wall calcification
SCRITT
Schistosomiasis
Cyclophasphamide
Radiation
Interstitial Cystitis
TB
TCC
Osteonecrosis
ASEPTIC
Anemias
Steroids
Ethanol
Pancreatitis, Pregnancy
Trauma
Idiopathic
Caisson Disease, CVD
four lesions that make up tetrology of fallot
PROV
Pulmonic stenosis
RVH
Overriding aorta
VSD
pediatric periosteal elevation
SCALP
Scurvy
Caffey's
Accident, Vit A
Leukemia
Physiologic, Prostaglandin
Thyroid Opthalmopathy muscle involvement
I,M SLow,,
Inferior (most common)
Medial
Superior
Lateral
Lytic lesions in the posterior elements of the spine
GO APE
GCT
Osteiblastoma
ABC
Plasmacytoma
EG