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199 Cards in this Set

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Sambucus canadensis
Flattened infloresence -Opposite; pinnately compound leaves; leaflets toothed -Stems with white pith -
Viburnum lentago
Rounded infloresence -Opposite; simple leaves with winged petioles; margins toothed; apex long acuminate - -
Viburnum opulus americanum (V. trilobum)
Red berries -Opposite; 3-lobed leaves; pair of blunt terminal buds - -
Alisma triviale
Open diffuse infloresence -Leaves basal -aquatic -
Sagittaria latifolia
Flowers in ball-like sessile or stalked clusters -Broad or narrow arrowhead shaped leaves -aquatic -
Toxicodendron rydbergii
Light green/white fruits -Leaves ternately compound; stalk of middle leaflet longer than on side leaflets -Short woody stem -
Cryptotaenia canadensis
Fruits black and elongate -Leaves palmately compound; usually 3-5 leaflets; sometimes with 1 or 2 leaflets further lobed; leaflet base cuneate; margins finely double-serrate - -
Daucus carota
Compound umbels; involucral bracts finely divided -Leaves alternate; compound; leaflets narrow -Fruiting cluster basket-like -
Sanicula marilandica
Inflorescence densely ball-like -Leaves palmately compound; 5-7 leaflets; coarsely toothed - -
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Flowers bell-shaped; fruit is long narrow follicle -Opposite leaves; wavy margins; short petioles -White latex in sap -
Asclepias tuberosa
Umbels; orange corona; fruit is pair of long follicles -Opposite; narrow leaves; stem pubescent -White latex in sap -
Asclepias verticillata
Umbel; light green corona -Very narrow; whorled leaves -White latex in sap -
Arisaema triphylla
Purple-spotted spathe with spadix; red berries -Leaves large ternately compound; veins meet just before leaf margin - -
Calla palustris
White spathe -Broadly ovate leaves with cordate base; basel -Thick rhizomes; aquatic -
Lemna minor/turionifera
-Tiny elliptic plant bodies with 1 (rarely 2) roots -aquatic -
Lemna trisulca
-Elongate plant bodies; connected together by narrow stalks -aquatic -
Spirodela polyrhiza
-Small round plant bodies with purple underside and several roots -aquatic -
Aralia nudicaulis
Ball-like umbels arising directly from rhizome -Leaves initially ternately compound with leaflets pinnately compound; petioles long and basal - -
Aralia racemosa
Panicle with each branch ending in umbels -Leaves compound; each leaflet large and cordate - -
Asarum canadense
Single purple flower at base of leaves -Leaves deeply cordate - -
Ageratina altissima (Eupatorium rugosum)
Small white ray flowers; infloresence flat-topped to slightly rounded -Leaves opposite; +/- deltoid; with large teeth; and 3 primary palmate veins - -
Ambrosia trifida
Staminate flowers in erect racemes; carpellate flowers few in axillary clusters -Leaves opposite; tri-lobed - -
Centaurea stoebe
Heads discoid; disc flowers purple; corolla divided into narrow segments; involucral bracts black-tipped and finged with hairs -Leaves finely divided - -
Echinacea angustifolia
Long reflexed purple rays; infloresence usually solitary -Leaves with 3-5 prominent; +/- parallel primary veins; stems and leaves scabrous - -
Eurybia macrophylla
white ray flowers -Large heart-shaped basal leaves with acuminate tips and large teeth; cauline leaves increasingly ovate to elliptic and sessile - -
Eutrochium maculatum
Purple flowers in flat-topped or slightly rounded heads -Leaves whorled; coarsely toothed; stems speckled with dark spots or all purple - -
Helianthus maximiliani
Rays flowers yellow -Long; folded; and arching leaves; leaves and stems scabrous - -
Heliopsis helianthoides
Yellow ray flowers; involucral bracts in 1 (or 2) series and very broad -Leaves broad; opposite - -
Liatris aspera
Heads discoid; in racemes; disc flowers purple; involucral bracts broadly rounded in several series and purplish at least apically -Long linear leaves - -
Prenanthes alba
Heads pendulous; with purple/white involucre bracts -Leaves broadly arrowhead-shaped; irregularly lobed and with widely spaced small teeth - -
Ratibida columnifera
Reflexed yellow (or occasionally dark) ray flowers; disk flowrs on long columnar receptacle -Leaves pinnately divided - -
Rudbeckia hirta
yellow rays; deep purple disc flowers; reflexed involucral bracts -Leaves with 1-3 prominent and palmate primary veins; upper sessile; leaves and stems scabrous - -
Solidago gigantea
Small yellow ray flowers; inflorescence broad; with nodding branches; heads on one side of each branch -Leaves with 3 prominent primary veins; coarsely toothed -Stems glabrous -
Solidago nemoralis
Small yellow ray flowers; infloresence narrow; with heads tending to be on one side of the branches -Lower leaves significantly longer than the upper leaves - -
Symphyotrichum ciliolatum
Blue ray flowers -Leaves ovate; toothed; petioles winged - -
Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
White ray flowers; heads axillary to terminal -Leaves sessile; mixture of small and large ones; lower surface of leaf with pubescent midvein - -
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Blue-purple ray flowers -Leaves clasping stem; stems with short internodes; pubescent - -
Impatiens capensis
Orange bilateral flowers with brown speckles and nectar spur -Glabrous; slightly succulent leaves and stems; leaves with long petioles - -
Caulophyllum thalictroides
Blue berries -Bipinnately compound leaves; leaflets with 3 (sometimes 4) large lobes sometimes with smaller apical teeth - -
Alnus incana
"Carpellate flowers in short woody ""cones""; staminate flowers in elongate catkins -Lower surface of leaves with rusty colored veins; margins doubly-serrate -Stems with light colored spots; shrubs -"
Betula alleghaniensis
Carpellate flowers in large fat catkins; staminate in narrower and elongate catkins -Leaves doubly-serrate -Bark silvery and not tearing in big strips; stems with light colored spots -
Betula pumila
Small catkins -Leaves obovate with sharp to rounded teeth; singly toothed -Stems with light colored spots; shrubs -
Corylus americana
Nut covered with broad winged bracts -Leaves doubly-serrate; stem and petioles have glandular-hairs -shrubs -
Ostrya virginiana
Carpellate flowers with large papery bracts; inflating in fruit -Leaves doubly-serrate; apex sharply acuminate -Flakey bark in vertical strips; stems with light colored spots -
Lithospermum canescens
Yellow flowers in dense infloresence; petals united into tube -Leaves densely microscopically pubescent - -
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Terminal; rounded infloresence of pale purple flowers; stamens extending well beyond corrolla -Leaves pinnately divided; basal leaves with long petioles - -
Alliaria petiolata
Petals white; long silique fruits -Leaves with large; rounded teeth; basal leaves cordate while cauline leaves deltoid - -
Berteroa incana
White flowers; short fat siliques - -Hairs star-shaped -
Sphagnum angustifolium
-spongy leaves - -
Brasenia schreberi
Dull purple flowers -oval peltate and slimy leaf -aquatic -
Campanula aparinoides
Blue bell-shaped flowers -Very narrow leaves - -
Lonicera canadensis
Pairs of axillary flowers/fruits -Leaves mostly with rounded or obtuse apex - -
Lonicera tatarica
Pairs of axillary flowers/fruits; flowers cream in bud; white when open; drying pink -Leaves with acute apex; twigs grey - -
Symphoricarpos occidentalis
Axillary clusters of several bell-shaped flowers -Leaves ovate to elliptic; margins either entire or with large almost lobe-like teeth -Bark reddish brown and shredding -
Ceratophyllum demersum
Flowers minute and axillary -Whorls of finely divided leaves -Densely clustered groups of terminal leaves (turions) overwinter; aquatic -
Clintonia borealis
3-5 yellow flowers on elongate stalk arising directly from roots; blue berries -Elongate; elliptic basal leaves with fine hairs on margins - -
Uvularia grandiflora
Large yellow; pendulous flowers -Perfoliate leaves -Branching with age -
Tradescantia bracteata
Clusters of purple flowers; calyx and filaments hairy -Long narrow; arching leaves -Swollen nodes; but hidden by sheathing leaf bases -
Cornus alternifolia
Rounded to flat-topped inflorescence -Leaves alternate; with arcuate venation - -
Cornus canadensis
Flowers tightly clustered and surrounded by 4; white; petal-like bracts -Whorl of 5-6 leaves - -
Cornus sericea
Rounded infloresence -Leaves alternate; with arcuate venation - -
Juniperus virginiana
"cones ""berry""-like; blue green -sharply pointed; overlapping needles; round in cross-section - -"
Thuja occidentalis
cones erect & splitting to release 2 winged seeds -needles overlapping; flat in cross-section - -
Carex lacustris
Dense spike of perigynia about two inches long; erect; staminate flower in terminal spikes -Long linear leaves; bases split into fibers - -
Carex pauciflora
Single terminal spike with few downward pointing perigynia -Long very narrow leaves - -
Cyperus esculentus
Flattened spikes in terminal ladder-like clusters with several long leaf-like bracts - - -
Eriophorum angustifolium
"Several; terminal ""cotton ball"" clusters of fruit - - -"
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Dark brown or copper-colored spiklets on long stalks; inflorescence with single stiff bract -Stem appears leafless but leaves are basally clustered and sheathing -aquatic -
Scirpus cyperinus
"""Fuzzy"" copper-colored spikelets in large open panicle; several large leaf-like bracts -Several cauline leaves -aquatic -"
Diervilla lonicera
Few yellow flowers; sepals long and slender; petals united into broad tube -Leaves opposite with serrate margins and long acuminate apex - -
Drosera rotundifolia
Few flowers on long stalk -Leaves all basel; round; with red; sticky hairs - -
Andromeda glaucophylla
Pinkish urn-shaped flowers in small clusters -Leaves linear with inrolled margins and single prominent vein on lower surface -Shrub -
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
White urn-shaped flowers; red berries -Small leathery leaves; entire; alternate; obovate -Prostrate shrub -
Gaultheria procumbens
White urn-shaped flower in small clusters; bright red berries -Elliptic to obovate leaves with widely spaced teeth; clustered near apex of stem -Low; rhizomatous shrub -
Kalmia polifolia
Large saucer-shaped pink flowers; stamens with dark colored anthers -Leaves opposite; elliptic-lanceolate; with inrolled margins; prominent midvein on lower surface -Shrub -
Ledum groenlandicum
White flowers in terminal umbel-like cluster -Dense cinnamon-colored pubescence on lower leaf surface; margins inrolled -Shrub -
Monotropa uniflora
Single; terminal; pendulous flower; becomes erect in fruit -Scale like leaves -No chlorophyll; dries black -
Pyrola secunda
Pendulous flowers in one-side racemes -Elliptic leaves; alternate; simple with rounded teeth - -
Vaccinium angustifolium
White urn-shaped flowers; dark blue berries -Leaves with acuminate tip and minute teeth -Shrub -
Vaccinium oxycoccos
1-2 terminal flowers on long stalks; pink recurved petals -Leaves short with rounded to acute apex -Creeping rhizomatous shrub -
Euphorbia esula
Small flowers surrounded by large greenish-yellow leafy bracts -Leaves narrow with 1 prominent primary vein - -
Amorpha canescens
Small purple; pea flowers; in dense terminal racemes -Silvery gray-green leaflets; densely pubescent -Shrub -
Amphicarpaea bracteata
Pale lavender to white pea flowers; legume fringed with hairs -Leaves ternately compound; all leaflets of similar size -Creeping annual vine -
Dalea purpurea
Small; bright purple; pea flowers tightly clustered in elongated terminal infloresence -Leaves compound with linear leaflets - -
Desmodium glutinosum
Pea flowers widely spaced in elongate racemes; legumes splitting into triangular units -Leaves ternately compound and clustered near inflorescence - -
Lathyrus ochroleucus
Light yellow; pea flowers -Leaves pinnately compound terminating in tendrils; stipules large and leaf-like; pointed at apex and basal lobes - -
Lespedeza capitata
Small flowers densely clustered in capitate inflorecences along upper part of the stem -Leaves ternately compound; hairy; stems hairy - -
Dicentra cucullaria
Terminal nodding raceme with distinctive two-lobed white/pink flower -Leaves and stems glabrous and somewhat succulent; leaves deeply divided - -
Geranium maculatum
-Leaves with five deeply divided lobes - -
Ribes hirtellum
Axillary infloresence with few flowers; calyx lobes about equal to calyx tube; fuit not prickly -Leaves with 3-5 lobes and several smaller teeth; base +/- cuneate -shrub with few prickles on stem -
Ribes missouriense
Stamens extending beyond corolla -Leaves 3-5 lobed with numerous teeth; leaf base truncate; -Shrub with paired or single thorns at each node plus scattered prickles on stem -
Myriophyllum spicatum
-Whorled; finely divided leaves (like feathers) -aquatic -
Elodea canadensis
Single tiny flower on long stalk -Small; elliptic; whorled leaves; internodes very short so leaves overlap -aquatic -
Vallisneria americana
Single flower on distinct; curly; long stalk -Long linear leaves; all basal -aquatic -
Juglans nigra
"Large nut -""Leaves pinnately compound with 10-16 leaflets; leaflets with serrate margins and acuminate apex; twigs hairy; """"monkey face"""" leaf scar"" - -"
Leonurus cardiaca
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Lycopus americanus
Bilabiate flowers in dense axillary clusters -Leaves opposite; deeply incised with irregular teeth; petiole short -Stems squarred -
Monarda fistulosa
Pale purple; bilabiate flowers in dense; terminal head-like infloresences with broad involucral bracts -Leaves opposite; ovate; toothed; petiolate -Stems squarred -
Stachys palustris
Bilabiate flowers in terminal spikes -Leaves opposite; sessile or with very short petioles; +/- elliptic -Stems squarred -
Utricularia gibba
Single yellow; bilateral flowers on long stalk -very finely divided leaves -Small bladder pods on leaves; aquatic -
Utricularia vulgaris
Several yellow; bilateral flowers on long stalks -Finely divided leaves -Large bladder pods on leaves; aquatic -
Streptopus lanceolatus
Single flowers; pendulous in leaf axils -Leaves sessile with widely spaced prominent parallel venation - -
Linnaea borealis
Flowers paired on long stalks; pink/white; pendulous; -Opposite;simple; elliptic to round leaves; rhizomatus -Stems woody and creeping -
Lobelia siphilitica
Large blue bilateral flowers in long terminal racemes -Leaves irregularly toothed; sessile or with short winged petiole - -
Lythrum salicaria
Purple flowers in dense whorls in elongated racemes; infloresences often branched -Leaves opposite; entire; sessile on squarred stems - -
Abutilon theophrasti
Large crown-shaped aggregate of follicles; yellow flowers -Alternate; simple; broadly ovate leaves with cordate base and acuminate tip; palmate venation; stellate hairs - -
Tilia americana
Flowers/fruit attached to elongated leafy bract -Round leaves with cordate base and acuminate tip; palmate venation - -
Trillium cernuum
Single pendulous white flower -Terminal whorl of three leaves - -
Comptonia peregrina
Unisexual flowers in catkins (carpellate rounded; staminate elongated) -Leaves elongate with large rounded; evenly spaced lobes -Shrub (flowering plant) -
Lysimachia terrestris
Elongate terminal inflorescence of yellow flowers -Leaves opposite; narrowly elliptic; entire with 1 prominent vein - -
Lysimachia thyrsiflora
Dense rounded to elongate cluster of axillary yellow flowers -Leaves opposite; sessile - -
Trientalis borealis
Few white; star-shaped flowers on long stalks -Terminal whorl of elliptic leaves - -
Nuphar variegata
Single large yellow flower -Large leaf with rounded basal lobes -aquatic -
Nymphaea odorata
Single large white flower -Large leaf with pointed basal lobes -aquatic -
Epilobium angustifolium
Pink/purple flowers; elongated inferior ovary and long narrow fruit; terminal racemes -Leaves mostly alternate; entire to irregularly toothed - -
Calopogon tuberosus
Pink flowers; fringe of yellow hairs on the lip -Long linear; basal leaves -Swollen tubers on roots -
Cypripedium acaule
Single large; pink; slipper-shaped flower on long stalk -Two large; obovate; basal leaves - -
Cypripedium candidum
Single white slipper-shaped flower -Leaves elliptic; alternate; cauline - -
Castilleja coccinea
Tubular flowers +/- completely surrounded by yellow to orange to scarlet bracts; terminal dense inflorescences -Leaves divided into 3-5 narrow lobes - -
Pedicularis canadensis
Bilateral hooked yellow flowers; dense terminal infloresences -Leaves fern-like; mostly clustered near base of stem - -
Sanguinaria canadensis
Single; white flower with several large; separate petals -Large basal; cordate leaves with various lobing patterns -Orange/red latex -
Phryma leptostachya
Small flowers; sessile on elongate spike; flowers erect; fruit pendulous -Leaves opposite; ovate to triangular; base cuneate; apex acuminate; teeth large - -
Abies balsamea
cones erect & bluish in color -solitary needles; flattened; with rounded apex - -
Larix laricina
-deciduous; needles on short shoots appearing whorled - -
Picea glauca
cones pendulous -solitary needles; sharply pointed at apex & square in cross-section -differs from black spruce by aromatic needles -
Picea mariana
cones pendulous -solitary needles; sharply pointed at apex & square in cross-section -differs from white spruce in minute orange-brown hairs on twigs -
Pinus banksiana
cones in pairs with scales opening in response to fire -two needles per bundle; widely forked & slightly twisted - -
Pinus resinosa
conesw pendulous & compact -two needles per bundle; brittle & breaking when bent; 10-15 cm long - -
Pinus strobus
cones pendulous & curved -five needles per bundle; triangular in cross-section; 7-13 cm long - -
Penstemon grandiflorus
Large bilabiate; pale purple flowers in terminal raceme -Opposite; elliptic; sessile; glabrous; entire leaves; almost succulent - -
Andropogon gerardii
clustered; spike-like branches - -purplish nodes; hairy spikelets -
Bouteloua hirsuta
single spike -leaves short; twisted; mostly basal - -
Calamagrostis canadensis
panicle; lemmas with long basal hairs - - -
Elymus virginicus
spike; rigid; erect; long & narrow - - -
Glyceria striata
drooping panicle; parallel veins on glumes & lemmas - - -
Hesperostipa spartea
drooping panicle; lemmas very long & twisted - - -
Koeleria macrantha
infloresence spike-like; densely narrow & shiny -generally basal - -
Leersia oryzoides
nodding panicle -leaves strongly scabrous - -
Oryzopsis asperifolia
slender & condensed panicle; long & twisted lemmas - - -
Panicum virgatum
broad & diffuse panicle - -first -
Phalaris arundinacea
- - -
Schizachyrium scoparium
infloresence spike-like; very narrow - -purplish nodes; spikelets hairy -
Sorghastrum nutans
panicle - -long silky hairs on nodes; inflorescence golden; spikelets hairy -
Sporobolus heterolepis
pyramidal panicle - -leaves wiry & arching; spikelets purplish -
Zizania palustris
very large double panicle - - -
Polygala paucifolia
pea-like; pink flower; 1-few in terminal clusters -Leves ovate to elliptic; entire; clustered near stem apex with scale-like leaves lower down - -
Polygala senega
Small white flowers in dense terminal raceme -Leaves alternate; simple; entire; narrowly elliptic - -
Persicaria amphibia
Bright pink flowers in dense raceme -Leaves elliptic with sheathing stipules (ocrea) -aquatic -
Potamogeton amplifolius
Densely terminal spike -Leaves large; curved; and folded -aquatic -
Potamogeton crispus
Loose terminal spike -Leaves with minute teeth; narrowly ellpitic to obovate -aquatic -
Stuckenia pectinata
Loose terminal spike -Leaves filamentous -aquatic -
Athyrium filix-femina
undersides of leaves with J-shaped sori -lacy; densely clumped leaves - -
Dryopteris carthusiana
sori round with kidney-shaped indusia -stipe scaly at the base - -
Equisetum fluviatile
sporangia arranged in terminal strobili -stems smooth with ~20 ridges; up to 1 m tall - -
Equisteum hyemale
sporangia arranged in terminal strobili -stems rough; with ashy grey bands at the nodes - -
Gymnocarpium dryopteris
sori small; circular; lacking indusia -triangular; 3-parted leaf - -
Huperzia lucidula
sporangia at the base of leaf-like sporophylls -upright stems with narrow; needle-like leaves - -
Lycopodium dendroideum
sporangia arranged in strobili -horizontal and vertical stems with narrow; needle-like leaves - -
Matteuccia struthiopteris
fertile pinnae rolled inward to clasp spores -sterile & fertile leaves distinct - -
Osmunda cinnamomea
-bipinnate sterile leaves - -
Pteridium aquilinum
-broad; triangular dissected leaf - -
Thelypteris palustris
sori round; on underside of leaves near midvein -bipinnate; solitary leaves; not forming clumps - -
Actaea rubra
White flowers clustered on long stalks; fruit red or white berry -Leaves bipinnately compound; each leaflet with large acute teeth; occasionally lower leaflets also divided - -
Anemone americana
White to pale purple flowers on long stalks -Leaves 3-lobed; thickened; basal - -
Anemone patens
Very large single flowers with pale purple; separate tepals; in fruit styles become elongated and feathery -Leaves deeply divided; densely pubescent; basal - -
Anemone quinquefolia
Single; white flower on long stalks -Leaves in whorls (at top of stem) of 3 leaves; each with 3 toothed leaflets -Non-flowering plants with single ternately-divided and toothed leaf (sometimes further divided) -
Aquilegia canadensis
Red and yellow flowers with elongate nectar spurs on petals -Leaves ternatley compound; leaflets often further divided; several rounded teeth on margins - -
Caltha palustris
Several large yellow flowers -Leaves rounded; base cordate; margins toothed - -
Coptis trifolia
Single white flowers on long stalks -Leaves ternately compound; basal; margins with short sharp teeth -Gold colored root -
Ranunculus hispidus
Pale yellow flower on long stalks -Leaves usually ternately compound; margins toothed - -
Thalictrum dasycarpum
Perianth minute -Leaves compound; leaflets 3-lobed and acute -Plants dioecious -
Thalictrum thalictroides
White or pink flowers in terminal cluster -Leaves basal or whorled at top of stem; ternately compound; leaflets with usually 3 rounded teeth - -
Rhamnus alnifolia
Fruit black berry -Leaves alternate; with numerous rounded teeth and pinnate venation; apex acuminate - -
Rhamnus cathartica
Fruit black berry -Leaves subopposite to alternate; with few arcuate veins; apex often rounded or only abruptly acute -Thorn-like side branches -
Amelanchier sp.
Flowers/fruit in elongate racemes -Leaves folded along the midrib when they first emerge; sharply acute teeth curving towards leaf apex; leaf base usually not toothed - -
Crataegus chrysocarpa
Large apple-like flowers in rounded terminal racemes -Long thorns; leaves doubly-serrate; apex acute - -
Geum aleppicum
-Leaves pinnately compound; terminal leaflets larger than basal leaflets; deeply incised; several leaves in basal cluster - -
Geum triflorum
Maroon pendulous flowers; feathery styles elongate in fruit; epicalyx bracts dark maroon -Leaves basal; pinnately compound - -
Prunus pensylvanica
Flower on long pedicels in rounded clusters -Leaves ovate-lanceolate with long acuminate apex; toothed. -1+ glands on petiole -
Prunus serotina
Flowers in long racemes -Leaves +/-leathery and shiny; +/- elliptic with acuminate apex; reddish-brown hairs on lower midvein -1+ glands on petiole -
Prunus virginiana
Flowers in long racemes -Leaves +/- obovate with abrupt acute apex; lacking brown hairs on lower surface -1+ glands on petiole -
Rosa arkansana
Large flowers with dark pink petals -Leaves pinnately compound; with 7-9 leaflets; stipules connate to petiole -Thorns and prickles present -
Galium boreale
Small white flowers in terminal panicle -Leaves in whorls of 4; squared stem - -
Maianthemum canadense
Small flowers in terminal raceme -Leaves ovate; sessile; +/- cordate; 2-3 per stem - -
Maianthemum stellatum
Terminal inflorescence with a few; star-shaped flowers; fruit with dark stripes -Leaves sessile; lanceolate - -
Zanthoxylum americanum
Small fruit clustered in axils of leaves -Leaves pinnately compound -Paired thorns at each node -
Populus grandidentata
Catkins -Leaves large oval; with rounded teeth - -
Populus tremuloides
Catkins -Leaves nearly triangular; with small teeth - -
Salix exigua
Catkins -Leaves much longer than wide; widely spaced teeth on margins - -
Salix pedicellaris
Catkins -Leaves elliptic or obovate; margins entire - -
Acer rubrum
Fruits winged; reddish; paired and almost parallel -Leaves opposite; three lobed; margins toothed; sinuses angled - -
Acer saccharum
Fruits winged; brown; paired with wide angle -Leaves opposite; 3-5 lobed; margins entire; sinuses rounded - -
Acer spicatum
Fruits winged; yellow; paired with nearly 90 degree angle -Leaves opposite; 3-lobed; margins toothed - -
Sarracenia purpurea
Single; large flower on long stalk -Leaves in basal rosette; modified into pitchers - -
Heuchera richardsonii
Elongated terminal racemes -Leaves basal; lobed; base cordate; pair of smaller cauline leaves - -
Mitella diphylla
Small flowers widely spaced on elongate raceme; petals divided into linear segments -Leaves in basal rosette; pair of small leaves on stem - -
Saxifraga pensylvanica
Elongate panicle on long stalk -Leaves large; oblanceolate; basal; pubescent along lower margin - -
Laportea canadensis
Flowers in axillary and terminal panicles -Leaves alternate; on long petioles; margins with large teeth; pinnately veined - -
Viola palmata (V. pedatifida)
Blue/violet bilateral flowers on long stalks -Leaves in basal rosetted; shallowly to deeply (almost compound) lobed - -