Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/26

Click to flip

26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Scale 1
Hs
Hypochondriasis
Scale 2
D
Depression
Scale 3
Hy
Hysteria
Scale 4
Pd
Psychopathic Deviate
Scale 5
Mf
Masculinity/Femininity
Scale 6
Pa
Paranoia
Scale 7
Pt
Psychasthenia
Scale 8
Sc
Schizophrenia
Scale 9
Ma
Hypomania
Scale 0 or 10
Si
Social Introversion
Harris Lingoes
Subscales for 6 of the clinical scales that are NOT heterogeneous (left off 1 (Hs), 5, 7 (Pt), 0).
Should only interpret them IF parent scales are elevated (T>65), and interp s/b ltd to explaining why parent scale was high.
Scales group items similar in content.
Can be useful when elevation is not expected from hx, or when elevation is 65 to 70.
S Scale
Superlative Self Presentation Scale
items: 50. compared pilots' responses to sample.
T = 70+: Test completed defensively. may be invalid. Prob should not interpret in clinical settings. (In nonclinical, interpret 70 to 74 cautiously).
IF TRIN > 80, probably random F responses caused high score.
T<70: No malingering.
However, text also suggests high scores are indicative of those who FAKE GOOD, especially in nonclinical respondents
TRIN
True Response Inconsistence Scale
Items: pairs should be one T and one F (score if all T or all F response)
INVALID if > 80
(i.e., raw score > 13 =True response bias
or raw score < 5 =False response bias)
Interpretable profile: raw score of 5 through 13
VRIN
Variable Response Inconsistency Scale
Items: Pairs that should be answered the same direction
RANDOM RESPONSE detection if > 80
Reasons for high score: lack of attention, fatigue, impulsive, MR, low concentration, low reading ability
Raw score > 13 = invalid profile
If respond all T or all F - T will be 50
Fake bad = average score
High VRIN & high F = random response
Low VRIN & High F = Fake bad or high psychopathology
L Scale
Unsophisticated Lie Scale
T>55-65: faking good, defensive, claiming virtue, little insight
T<50: probably responding frankly, trustworthy, can admit minor faults, socially reliant, may be exagerating psychopathology or malingering
Defense mechanism: Denial
Items: 15, all s/b true, rarely F, so if score F, get high score.
Varies: by SES. S/b lower for higher SES
Fake Bad Profile
^ or hat shape for:
L F K

F > 100 (espec w/low VRIN)
6, 7 & 8 >80 often
F - K (raw score) = 11+
(But note F = 80 - 99 can be cry for help)
TRIN & VRIN = average
Fake Good Profile
v shape
LFK

K>65
L>55
S>65
F, Fb and Fp < average
F - K (raw score)= negative number (no cutoff)(not as much research as Fake Bad profile)
F scale
Distress Scale - INfrequency Scale - Deviancy Scale
INVALID IF > 90
TAPS: paranoia, antisocial, hostility, ill health
Items: 90% of sample scored in one direction; get score if ct endorses in other.
Validity: doubtful if >100 esp if VRIN >80
T> 100: random response; mostly T to items; fake bad
80<T<99: call for help, mostly F to items, resistant, psychotic
60<T<80: Psychopathology, Deviant social, political or religious convictions, severe disorders
50<T<65: particular problem w/adequate fx, dissatisfied, or normal!
T<50: Free of disabling psychopathology, socially conforming, may "fake good"
HIGH scores assoc w/elevated clinical scales and deviant test taking attitude
VARIES: Adolescents and AA 10+ points higher
K Scale
Sophisticated Defensiveness - "Correction" Scale
VARIES: by SES
T>65: respond mostly F, Fake good, defensive; trying to seem adequate, controlled or effective; shy/inhibited, less interest in emotional involvement. If clinical scales are eleveated may be seriously disturbed, but have little awareness of it. May have above average ego strength if scales not elevated
40<T<65: healthy self evaluation, well adjusted, Unusual frankness and self-critical attitude
T<40: may have responded true mostly, fake bad, exagerating problems as plea for help, self-critical, may be psychotic
PA2 - Poignancy
Harris Lingoes Scale
High scorers report they are more high strung and sensitive than others, feel more intensely than others, feel lonely and misunderstood, look for risky/exciting activities to make them feel better.
Sc4 - lack of ego mastery, conative
harris lingoes
high scorers report that they feel that life is a strain and they are depressed/in despair, have difficulty coping w/everyday problems and worry excessively, respond to stress by withdrawing into fantasy/daydreaming, daily activities are not interesting/rewarding, have no hope things will improve, may wish they were dead
Sc5 - lack of ego mastery, defective inhibition
harris lingoes
high scorers feel taht they are not in control of their emotions and impulses and are frightened by the perceived loss of control, tend to be restelss, hyperactive and irritable, have uncontrollable periods of laughing or crying, have dissociative episodes
Ma3 - Imperturbability
harris lingoes
high scorers report taht they do not experience social anxiety, feel comfortable around others, have no problem talking w/others, do not worry about others' opinions/values, or feel impatient/irritable towards others.
Ego Inflation - Ma4
harris lingoes
high scorers report tha tthey are important persons, are resentful when others make demands on them (especially if the other is seen as less capable), or have been treated unfairly
Sc3 - Lack of Ego Mastery, Cognitive
Harris Lingoes Scale
High scorers report that they feel they might be losing their mionds, have strange thought processes and feelings of unreality, or have problems with concentration and memory
Sc2 - Emotional Alienation
Harris Lingoes scale
High scorers report that they experience feelings of depression and despiar and may wish that they were dead, are apathetic and frightened, or have sadistic and/or masochistic needs