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56 Cards in this Set

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Tax Base
The total tax-assessed value of all real property in a particular jurisdiction.
Tax Rate
The rate, normally stated in units of $100, multiplied by the assessed value of property to determine the amount of the property tax due.
Taxation
The right of government to require contribution from citizens to pay for government services.
Tenancy at Sufferance
A tenancy which is created when one is in wrongful possession of realty, even though the original possession may have been legal.
Tenancy at Will
An occupation of space for an indefinite period which can be terminated by either the lessor or lessee at any time.
Tenancy by the Entireties (Entirety)
A special joint tenancy between a lawfully married husband and wife, which places all title to property (real or personal) into the marital unit, with both spouses having an equal undivided interest in the whole property. In essence, each spouse owns the ENTIRE estate.
Tenancy from Period to Period
A leasehold, which is automatically renewed for the same term as in the original lease; also referred to as a periodic tenancy or an estate from year to year. Notice needed to terminate.
Tenancy in Common
A form of concurrent ownership where two or more persons hold separate titles in the same estate. May have equal or unequal shares. Right of partition.
Term Mortgage (Straight Term)
A method of financing in which interest only is paid during the time of the loan. At maturity, generally five years or less, the entire principle is due.
Time Is of the Essence
A phrase included in contracts to require punctual performance of all obligation.
Time Sharing
A form of condominium ownership in which the buyer owns the property for a certain specified time interval.
Title
The legally recognized evidence of a person's right to possess property.
Title Insurance
A policy that protects the insured against loss or damage due to defects in title.
Title Theory States
States in which a mortgage actually conveys title subject to a condition.
Topography
A description of surface features of land.
Township
A 6-by-6 mile area containing 36 sections each 1 mile square. A division of land in the rectangular survey method of land description.
Trade Fixtures
Personal property used in business which has been annexed to real property and is removable by the owner. (Tenant) If it is not taken by the tenant it becomes the property of the landlord.
Transferability
The ability to exchange goods and services. In real estate legal rights are transferred.
Trust
A legal relationship under which title to property is transferred to a person, called a trustee, who has control over the property, and must manage it for some other person -- called a beneficiary.
Trustee
A person who holds title and control over property and manages it for another person called a beneficiary. (Called "Naked Legal Title")
Trustor
The person who creates a trust and voices the instructions to the trustee. (The borrower.)
Truth-in-Lending Law
Common name given to the National Consumer Credit Protection Act. Requires lenders to make credit disclosures to individual borrowers for certain types of loans. (Regulation Z)
Undivided Interest
The interest of co-owners in which individual interest is indistinguishable. (Everyone owns part of the whole property.)
Undue Influence
Occurs when a person in a fiduciary capacity or in a position of authority misuses the trust or power in order to unfairly induce a party to enter into a contract.
Unencumbered Property
Property that is free and clear of any liens.
Unities
Joined in one; for example, in order for a joint tenancy to exist four unities are necessary (1) time, (2) title, (3) interest and (4) possession. (TTIP)
Unity of Possession
The right of each tenant to the possession and use of the whole property. (Joint tenants and tenants in common.)
Unity of Time
States that the joint tenancy interests of the joint tenants must have been acquired at the same moment.
Unity of Title
States that the joint tenancy interests were created in a single conveying instrument.
Universal Agent
Has the authority to do all acts that can be lawfully delegated to a representative. (Power of attorney-attorney in fact)
Unsecured Loan
A loan made on the signature and credit of the borrower, not secured by collateral. Credit card. (Debenture)
Urban Renewal
The acquisition of certain areas by government action for the purpose of redevelopment.
Usury
Charging more than the legal rate of interest for the use of money.
VA Mortgage
(GI Mortgage) Mortgage guaranteed by Veterans Administration.
Valid Contract
A binding agreement containing all of the essential legal elements.
Valuable Consideration
Anything of value offered as an inducement. (Money, ring, boat, etc.)
Variable Interest Rate Mortgage (VRM)
The interest rate charged by the lender varies according to some index not controlled by the lender.
Variance
A type of safety valve to allow a property owner, who is unfairly burdened by zoning restrictions, to find relief.
Vendee
Purchaser in a contract for deed.
Vendee's Lien
Held by the purchaser for the purchase price paid if the seller defaults on the delivery of the deed.
Vendor
Seller in a contract for deed.
Vendor's Lien
The amount of the purchase price still due to the seller.
Veterans Administration (VA)
An agency of the federal government created to provide a loan guaranty program which enables qualified veterans to finance real estate purchases with a higher loan-to-value ratio than is normally possible with conventional financing.
Voidable Contract
An agreement in which one or more of the parties may elect to avoid or to ratify the legal obligations created by the contract. Minor, someone under duress.
Voluntary Alienation
The transfer of title by a deed.
Voluntary Lien
An encumbrance placed on property through some willful act of the owner.
Warranty Deed
A deed in which the grantor makes formal assurance as to quality of title.
Water Rights
The right of a landowner to water adjoining or passing through property.
Water Table
The distance from ground level to natural groundwater.
Wear and Tear
The lessening in value of an asset due to ordinary and normal use.
Will
A legal declaration in which a person disposes of property to take effect upon his or her death.
Wrap-around Mortgage
A junior mortgage which provides an owner additional capital without refinancing the first mortgage. (The original mortgage is not disturbed)
Writ of Execution
A court order to an officer to carry out judicial decree.
Yield
The interest earned by an investor on the investment.
Zoning
A police power device which allows for legislative division of space into districts and imposition of regulation prescribing use and intensity of use to which land within each designated district may be put.
Zoning Ordinance
A zoning law passed by a local government which consists of a text of regulations and a map.