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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Neolithic Revolution
emergence of pastoralism & agriculture
Catal Huyuk
farming society in turkey
Mesopotamia
valley between tigris & euphrates rivers
Akkadian Empire
world's 1st empire
Hammurabi
babylonian king; created hammurabi's code
Nile River
longest river in the world
hieratic script
simplified hieroglyphics
“ten lost tribes”
when the assyrians conquered isreal & scattered the 10 hebrew tribes
Cyrus the Great
allowed jews to return to isreal
Persian Empire
created by cyrus after conquering abylonia
caste system
class divisions in india
Gupta empire
they did well & made $ from religious pilgrims
Mauryan dynasty
flourished under asoka
Siddhartha Gautama
buddha
Silk Road
4000 mile transportation route stretching from china to syria
polis
city, town, village, & suuroundings
Thermopylae
battle between athenians & persians
Oedipus Rex
play by sophocles
Herodotus
wrote the first real history in western civilization
Plato
socrates' student
Zhou dynasty
china's longest dynasty; used mandate of heaven
Qin dynasty
associated with legalism
Qin Shihuangdi
established the qin dynasty
Han dynasty
had civil service exams for their bureacracts
Mycenae
1st greek state
oligarchy
ruled by the few
Alexander the Great
king of macedonia
Eratosthenes
said that the earth was round & calculated the circumference of the earth
Epicurus
said that happiness was the goal of life
republic
type of government: leader is not a king & citizens vote
Roman Senate
made up of 300 patricians that had the force of the law
Julius Caesar
dictator of Rome
Pax Romana
roman peace
Augustan Age
when roman empire was expanded; stable time in rome
Constantine
reviced rome with diocletian & founded the late roman empire
Edict of Milan
tolerance of christianity in rome
Diocletian
revived rome with constantine
Visigoths
sacked rome
Muhammed
recieved revelations from God that are the base of islam
shari'ah
law code that muslims use
Umayyad dynasty
began by mu'awiyah who only used force if necessary
Cordoba
islamic city in spain
Omar Khayyam
middle eastern writer
bazaar
islamic marketplace
vizier
muslim prime minister who advised the caliph
Five Pillars of Islam
believe in allah & muhammed as his prophet
pray 5 times a day
give alms to the poor
observe ramadan by fasting
make pilgrimage to mekkah [hajj]
Tang dynasty
had civil service exams; broke up power of large landowners
Changan
location the song dynasty's imperial court
Genghis Khan
leader of the Mongols
samurai
"those who serve"
Kublai Khan
completed conquering the song
Theravada Buddhism
school of buddhism that saw it as a way of life, not a religion
Timur Lenk
ruled a monhol state by seizing power
ordeal
germanic way of determining guilt
St. Benedict
founded an order of monks & wrote their rules
Carolingian Renaissance
a renewed interest in latin culture & classical works
Vikings
superb norse warriors, sailors, & shipbuilders
vassalage
when warriors swear an oath to their leader