Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/97

Click to flip

97 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
He built the ASCC computer which was a major contribution to the development of the automatic computer.
Howard Aiken
Co-Developed Mosaic at NCSA then later produced Mosaic Netscape
Marc Andreessen
Founded Microsoft together with Bill Gates
Paul Allen
Science fiction writer
Isaac Asimov
Developer of the ABC computer and the Atanasoff-Berry Computer replica
John V. Atanasoff
Developed the difference analytical engine
Charles Babbage
CEO of Microsoft
Steve Ballmer
As vice chairman of EFF battled the government on issues involving cyberspace
John Perry Barlow
Inventor of the World Wide Web
Tim Berners-Lee
Founded the Computer Museum in Boston
Gwen Bell
Mathematical genius who developed linguistic algebra whose basic operations are: AND, OR and NOT,which is known today in computer programming as Boolean logic operators.
George Boole
Co-founder of the Global Business Network, which explores global futures and business strategies

informed by the sorts of values and information. GBN has taken a leadership role in the evolution and application of scenario thinking, planning, and complementary strategic tools.
Stewart Brand
Developed together with Bob Frankston the world’s first successful spreadsheet program, VisiCalc.
Dan Bricklin
The Czech writer generally given credit as the person who coined the word robot
Karol Capek
Chairman of the National Defense Research Committee. American engineer and science administrator,
known for his political role in the development of the atomic bomb.
Vannevar Bush
Is a businessman best known as the former chief executive officer and chairman of America Online

(AOL). He created an online service called Quantum Link then later changed the name to AOL.
Steve Case
wrote the first bulletin board system software.
Ward Christensen
the founder of Netscape Communications Corp., Healtheon/Web MD Corp., and Silicon Graphics,
Jim Clark
Laid down the principles of the satellite communication with satellites in geostationary orbits in his technical paper “Extra-terrestrial Relays”.
Arthur C. Clarke
British computer scientist who made seminal contributions to the theory of relational databases.
Edgar F. Codd
US electrical engineer and supercomputer architect who founded the company Cray Research.
Seymour Cray
An independent author, lecturer, researcher, and consultant, specializing in relational database technology. He was involved in the technical planning and design for the IBM products SQL/DS and DB2, also involved with Edgar Codd’s relational model for database management.
C.J. Date
Founder of Dell Inc.
Michael Dell
principal research activities are directed toward the detection of planetary systems and life, particularly intelligent life in the universe. He participates in Project Phoenix, the most powerful system for searching for radio signals from other civilizations.
Frank Drake
Was a phone phreaker. He built blue boxes which are electronic devices capable of reproducing other tones used by the phone company.
John Drapper
Is a researcher, author, and policy advocate focused on emerging technologies and their consequences for the future. He pioneered studies of productive nanosystems and their products.
K. Eric Drexler
Chairman of EDventure Holdings, a small but diversified company focused on emerging information technology worldwide. She is also a founding member of the Russian Software Market Association and a member of the (US) Software Publishers Association.
Esther Dyson
Collaborated with Mauchly and constructed the Electronic Integrater and Computer (ENIAC), the first general-purpose electronic digital computer.
J. Presper Eckert
is the co-founder and CEO of Oracle Corporation, a major database software firm.
Larry Ellison
Chief technologist of the Federal Communications Commission who had helped design the first electronic switching system as well as the programming language SNOBOL
Dave Farber
American physicist who expanded the theory of quantum electrodynamics. He also helped in the development of the atomic bomb.
Richard Feynman
Co-creator with Dan Bricklin of the VisiCalc spreadsheet program and the co-founder of Sotware Arts.
Bob Frankston
Co-founder, chairman, and chief software architect of Microsoft Corporation.
William H Gates III
(Bill Gates)
Well known hacker who is the editor-in-chief of 2600: The Hacker Quarterly.
Emmanuel Goldstein
Co-founder, Chairman, CEO, and President of Intel Corporation.
Andy Grove
Co-founder, with David Packard, of the Hewlett-Packard Company. He served as President from 1964-1977, CEO from 1968-1978.
William Hewlett
American inventor, scientist, author and engineer, member of the Global Business Network and

founded the Thinking Machines which developed the Connection Machine; a computer that employs parallel distributed
processing (PDP).
Danny Hillis
inventor of the microprocessor.
Ted Hoff
American acaemic, best known for his book Godel, Escher, Bach: an Eternal Golden Braid. This book inspired thousands of students to begin careers in computing and artificial intelligence.
Douglas Hofstater
An American statistician who developed a mechanical tabulator based on punched cards to rapidly tabulate statistics form thousands and millions of data.
Herman Hollerith
An early computer pioneer. She was the first programmer for the Mark I Calculator and the developer of the first compiler for a computer programming language.
Grace Murray Hopper
CEO of Apple Computer and Chairman and CEO of Pixar Animation Studios.
Steve Jobs
Co-founded Sun Microsystems in 1982 and served as chief scientist at the company
until 2003.
Bill Joy (William Nelson Joy)
Brilliant American mathematician, also known as the Unabomber, justified his crimes as a fight against the evils of technological progress.
Theodore Kaczynski
founder of Lotus Development Corporation and the designer of Lotus 1-2-3, co-founder of Electronic Frontier Foundation.
Mitch Kapor
founder of Lotus Development Corporation and the designer of Lotus 1-2-3, co-founder of Electronic Frontier Foundation.
Mitch Kapor
Well known chess player who was the first world champion to lose to a computer in a game played with time controls, IBM’s “Deep Blue”. Kasparov later invented Advanced Chess in 1998, a new form of chess in which a human and a computer can play together.
Gary Kasparov
American computer scientist, known for his early work on object-oriented programming and user interface design.
Alan Kay
founding executive editor of Wired magazine, and a former editor/publisher of the Whole Earth Catalog.
Kevin Kelly
is mainly known for having written a description of Charles Babbage's early

mechanical general-purpose computer, the analytical engine.
Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace
is a renowned computer scientist and professor emeritus at Stanford University. Best known as the author of the multi-volume The Art of Computer Programming, one of the most highly respected references in the computer science field. He practically created the field of rigorous analysis of algorithms, and made many seminal contributions to several branches of theoretical computer science. He is the creator of the TEX typesetting system and of the METAFONT font design system, and pioneered the concept of literate programming.
Donald Ervin Knuth
is a Stanford University computer scientist, most notable for his work in pioneering the use of genetic programming for the optimization of complex problems, and for the evolution of computer programs which solve them. He was a cofounder of Scientific Games Inc., a company which built computer systems to run state lotteries in the United States. He also invented the scratch-off lottery ticket.
John R. Koza
is a pioneer in the fields of optical character recognition (OCR), text-to-speech synthesis, speech recognition technology, and electronic keyboard instruments. He is the author of several books on health, artificial intelligence, transhumanism, and the technological singularity.
Raymond Kurzweil
is an American journalist who has written several books on computers, technology, cryptography, the Internet, cyber security and privacy.
Steven Levy
is a consultant and author of over a hundred books, some of which are considered to be self-promoting in character. He has written extensively on his computer systems design methodology Information Engineering and also on CASE, of which some say he is the father. He was an early promoter of fourth-generation programming languages.
Dr. James Martin
was an American physicist who, along with J. Presper Eckert, designed ENIAC, long held to be the first electronic digital computer, as well as EDVAC, BINAC and UNIVAC I, the first commercial computer made in the United States.
John William Mauchly
is a pioneer in public key cryptography, and more recently a researcher and speaker on molecular nanotechnology and cryonics.
Ralph C. Merkle
The term Artificial intelligence was coined by McCartly in 1956—he and Marvin Minsky founded the Artificial intelligence laboratory at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1957.
John McCartly
He invented Ethernet and later founded 3Com. (3com.com).
Bob Metcaffe
sometimes affectionately known as "Old Man Minsky", is an American scientist in the field of artificial intelligence (AI), co-founder of MIT's AI laboratory, and author of several texts on AI and philosophy.
Marvin Lee Minsky
is one of the most famous crackers to be jailed. He was arrested by the FBI on February 15, 1995. Mitnick was convicted of wire fraud and of breaking into the computer systems of Fujitsu, Motorola, Nokia, and Sun Microsystems.
Kevin David Mitnick
is the cofounder of Intel Corporation and the author of Moore's law (published in an article 19 April 1965 in Electronics Magazine).
Gordon Earl Moore
is a permanent resident research professor at the Robotics Institute (Carnegie Mellon) of Carnegie Mellon University known for his work on robotics, artificial intelligence, and writings on the impact of technology.
Hans Moravec
is an associate professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is best known for creating the Morris Worm in 1988, considered the first computer worm on the Internet.
Robert Tappan Morris
is a Greek-American computer scientist best known as founder and ex-director of Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Media Lab.
Nicholas Negroponte
is an American software publisher and philanthropist. In the 1980s, he produced a popular tool to retrieve erased data from DOS disks, which was followed by several other tools which were collectively known as the Norton Utilities.
Along with Norton Utilities, Norton produced Norton
Peter Norton
nicknamed the Mayor of Silicon Valley, co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957 and Intel in 1968. He is also credited (along with Jack Kilby) with the invention of the integrated circuit or microchip.
Robert Noyce
is an American engineer who cofounded Digital Equipment Corporation in 1957 with colleague Harlan Anderson and venture capital provided by Georges Doriot's American Research and Development Corporation.
Kenneth H. Olsen
is an American high technology executive who is best known for writing the first versions of Lotus Notes software after founding Iris Associates.
Ray Ozzie
better known by his pseudonym Phiber Optik, is a convicted hacker from New York City.
Mark Abene
was a cofounder of Hewlett-Packard.
David Packard
is an MIT mathematician, computer scientist, and prominent educator. He is one of the pioneers of artificial intelligence, as well as an inventor of the Logo programming language (1968).
Seymour Papert
was a French mathematician, physicist, and religious philosopher. earliest work was in the natural and applied sciences, where he made important contributions to the construction of mechanical calculators and the study of fluids, and clarified the concepts of pressure and vacuum by expanding the work of Evangelista Torricelli.
Blaise Pascal
Co-author of Vulcan, the precursor of dBASEII with Jeb Long
Wayne Ratliff
often referred to as ESR, is the author of "The Cathedral and the Bazaar" and the present maintainer of the "Jargon File" (also known as "The New Hacker's Dictionary").
Eric Steven Raymond
is a computer scientist notable for his influence on ALTRAN, B, BCPL, C, Multics, and Unix.In 1983, he and Ken Thompson jointly received the Turing award "for their development of generic operating systems theory and specifically for the implementation of the UNIX operating system."
Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie
was the founder and president of Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS) which built the Altair 8800, one of the very first hobbyist personal computers.
Ed Roberts
has helped to shape the modem computer industry through his mentoring, guidance and financing of young and innovative technology companies.
A founding member, current Chairman and Acting Chief Executive Officer of Compaq Computer Corporation,
Benjamin M. Rosen
was an English novelist who is perhaps equally famous as the wife of Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley and as the author of Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus.
Mary Shelley
American physicist and co-inventor of the transistor with John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics.
William Bradford Shockley
is the founder of the free software movement, the GNU project, and the Free Software Foundation. An acclaimed programmer, his major accomplishments include Emacs (and the later GNU Emacs), the GNU C Compiler, and the GNU Debugger.
Richard Matthew Stallman
is technical director of Computers & Electronics. He is a member of the Bug-Eyed Monster Society and practices levitation in his spare time.
Les Solomon
is a computer scientist, notable for his work on the Unix operating system.
Kenneth Thompson
The name of the comic comes from the book Future Shock by Alan Toffler. In this book, societies are listed in waves, e.g. the Agricultural Age is The First Wave, the Industrial Age is The Second Wave, and the Information Age is The Third Wave.
Alan Toffler
is a Finnish software engineer best known for initiating the development of Linux.
Linus Benedict Torvalds
was a British mathematician, logician, and cryptographer. Turing is often considered to be a father of modern computer science.
Alan Mathison Turing
is a clinical psychologist and a professor of Science, Technology and Society at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Born in New York City, New York (USA) she has focused her research on psychoanalysis and culture and on the psychology of people's relationship with technology, especially computer technology and computer addiction.
Sherry Turkle
is a mathematician, computer scientist and science fiction author who is best known for his Hugo award-winning novels A Fire Upon the Deep and A Deepness in the Sky, as well as for his 1993 essay "The Technological Singularity", in which he argues that exponential growth in technology will reach a point beyond which we cannot even speculate about the consequences.
Vernor Steffen Vinge
was a Hungarian-German mathematician and polymath of Jewish ancestry who made important contributions in quantum physics, functional analysis, set theory, economics, computer science, numerical analysis, hydrodynamics (of explosions), statistics and many other mathematical fields. A pioneer of the modern digital computer and the application of operator theory to quantum mechanics
John von Neumann
co-founder of Yahoo Inc in 1994,
Jerry Wang jerry Yang
is considered to be the founder of International Business Machines (IBM). He was one of the richest men of his time and called the world's greatest salesman when he died.
Thomas John Watson, Sr.
is a Swiss computer scientist.
Niklaus E. Wirth
is a computer engineer turned philanthropist. His inventions and machines are credited with contributing greatly to the personal computer revolution of the 1970s. co-founded Apple Computer with Steve Jobs in 1976 and created the Apple I and Apple II computers in the mid-1970s.
Stephen Wozniak
He created the ACC Corporation which merged with Red Hat in 1995.
Robert "Bob" Young
is a computer consultant, author, and lecturer and a recognised pioneer in a software engineering methodology - structured programming. the lead developer of the structured systems analysis and design methodology (SSADM) of the 1970s, and was a co-developer of the Yourdon/Whitehead method of object-oriented analysis/design.
Edward Nash Yourdon
is an American magazine publisher, and was founded in 1927 in Chicago by William B. Ziff, Sr. and Bernard G. Davis.
William Ziff
Is the creator of Pretty Good Privacy, an email encryption software package. Originally designed as a human rights tool, PGP was published for free on the Internet in 1991.
Philip R. Zimmermann