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24 Cards in this Set

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a field in which the computer system takes on the characteristics of human intelligence
artificial intelligence
people, procedures, hardware, software, data and knowledge needed to develop computer systems and machines that demonstrate the characteristics of intelligence
aartificial intelligence systems
The process of starting with conclusions and working backward to the supporting facts
backward chaining
the allowable values for data attributes
domain
the individual or gorup who has the expertise or knowledge one is trying to capture in the expert system
domain expert
a system that gives a computer the ability to make suggestions and act like an expert in a particular field
expert system
a collection of software packages and tools used to develop expert systems
expert system shells
component of an expert system that allows a user or decision maker to understand how the expert system arrived at certain conclusions or results
explanation facility
the process of starting with the facts and working forward to the conclusions
forward chaining
a special research area in computer science that allows shades of gray and does not require everthing to be simple black or white, yes/no or true/false
fuzzy logic
rules that suggest certain conclusions
if-then statements
part of the expert system that seeks information and relationships from the knowledge base and provides answers, predictions, and suggestions the way a human expert would
inference
the ability to learn from experiences and appl knowledge acquired from experience, handle complex situations, solve problems when important information is missing, determine what is important, react quickly and correctly to a new situation, understand visual images, process and manipulate symbols, be creative and imaginative anduse heuristics
intelligent behavior
part of the expert system that provides convenient and efficient means of capturing and storing all the components of the knowledge base
knowledge acquisition facility
the collection of data, rules, procedures and relationships that must be followed to achieve value or the proper outcome
knowledge base
an individual who has training or experience in the design, development, implementation, and maintenance of an expert system
knowledge engineer
the individual or group who uses and benefits from the expert system
knowledge user
a combination of software and hardware that allows the computer to change how it functions or reacts to situations based on feedback it receives
learning systems
processing that allows the computer to understand and react to statements and commands made in a "natural" languge, such as English
natural language processing
a computer system that can simulate the functioning of a human brain
neural network
a system that approximates the way a human sees, hears, and feels objects
perceptive system
mechanical or computer devices that perform tasks requiring a high degree of precision or that are tedious or hazardous for humans
robotics
a conditional statement that links given conditions to actions or outcomes
rule
the hardware and software that permit computers to capture, store, and manipulate visual images and pictures
vision systems