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76 Cards in this Set

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Rhyolite
Extursive Ingeous
Aphanitic - quartz orthoclase
Andesite
Extrusive Ingeous
Aphanitic Hornblende Plagioclase
Basalt
Extrusive Igneous Aphanitic
hornblende, Plagioclase Augite, Olivine
Galena
Sulfide Mineral
PbS (lead)
Conglomerate
Clastic Sedimentary
Sandstone
None Clastic Sedimentary Evaporite
Inorganic precipitates
Breccia
Clastic Sedimentary
Quartzite
Non-foliated Metamorphic
Granual, sharp edgest, conhoidal fracture
Marble
Non-foliated Metamorphic
Crystalline, usually light colors, H=3
Schist
Foliated Metamorphic
Closely space, aligned mica or other platy materials
Slate
Foliated Metamorphic
Muscovite
Mineral : Non-Silicate
Gneiss
Foliated Metamorphic
Displays parallel banding
Coal
Non-clastic Sedimentary
carbonized compacted plant remains
C
Limestone
Non-clastic Sedimentary
Fine grained lime mud
CaCO3
Rock Salt
Non--Clastic Sedimentary
Granite
Intrusive Igneous
phaneritic - quartz orthoclase
Diorite
Intrusive Igneous phaneritic
plagioclase, hornblend
Gabbro
Intrusive igneous phaneritic
hornblende,Plagioclase,Augtite,Olivine
Obsidian
Extrusive igneous glassy
Si, O, Al, Fe
Dolomite
Non-clastic Sedimentary Rock
Carbonate Mineral
Gypsum Rock
Chemical Sedimentary Evaporite
Inorganic precipates
Orthoclase
Mineral: Silicate K- Felspar : Potassium
Sulfur
Element
Scoria
Vesicular Extrusive Igneous
hornblende, Plagioclase Augite, Olivine
Pumice
Vesicular Extrusive Igneous
SI, O, Al, Fe
Basalt
Silicate : It is typically composed largely of plagioclase with pyroxene and olivine.
Shale
Non-Clastic Metamorphic
Halite
MIneral - Hallide
NACl
Fluorite
Mineral - Halikde
CAF2
Quartz
Mineral - Silicate
Amphibole - hornblend
any of a class of rock-forming silicate or aluminosilicate minerals typically occurring as fibrous or columnar crystals.
Pyroxene - augite
any of a large class of rock-forming silicate minerals, generally containing calcium, magnesium, and iron and typically occurring as prismatic crystals.
Pyrite
Sulfide : a shiny yellow mineral consisting of iron disulfide and typically occurring as intersecting cubic crystals;
Hemitite
Oxide a reddish-black mineral consisting of ferric oxide. It is an important ore of iron. Fe2O3
Magnetite
Oxide Mineral - a gray-black magnetic mineral that consists of an oxide of iron and is an important form of iron ore.
Ferrous ocise
Chalcopyrite
Sulfide : a yellow crystalline mineral consisting of a sulfide of copper and iron. It is the principal ore of copper. • Chem. formula CuFeS 2.
Chalk
non clastic Sedimentary
all microfossils, fine-grained
CaCO3
Diatomite
Sedimentary
Oolidic Limestone
Sediementary
Diorite
phaneritic igneous - Plagiocalse, hornblende
Peridotite
Phaneritic Intrusive Igneous
Olivine
Dolomite
Cemical Sedimenary
Olivine
Mineral: Silicate
Augite
Mineral : Pyroxene:
Sphalerite
Sulfide Mineral
ZnS (Zinc Sulfide)
Selenite
Sulfate Mineral
CaSO4 2H2O
(Gypsum cleavable masses)
Alabaster
Sulfate Mineral
CaSO4 2H2O
(Gypsum sugary form)
Calcite
Carbonate Mineral
CaC03 (Calcium Carbonate)
Apatite
Phosphate Mineral
Albite
Plagioclase
Sodium Feldspare
Anorthite
Plagioclase
Calicum Feldspare
Talc
Silicate Mineral
Hydrous Magnesium
Garnet
Silicate Mineral
Chlorite
Silicate Mineral
Magnesium Aluminum Sillicate
Kaolinite
Silicate Mineral
Hydrous Aluminum Silicate
Topaz
Silicate Mineral
Aluminum Silicate
Quartz Sandstone
Sedimentary Clastic Sandstone
Quartz Grains
Arkose
Sedimentary Clastic Sandstone
Quartz and feldspar graines
Graywacke
Sedimentary Clastic Sandstone
Quartz grains, small rock fragments, and clay minerals a dark coarse-grained sandstone containing more than 15 percent clay.
SiltStone
Sedimentary Clastic
Silt sized particles
Shale
Sedimentary Clastic
Clay-sized Particles
Chert
Non-clastic Sedimentary
Hard, dense masses or beds
SiO2
Coquina
Clastic Sedimentary Rock
Calcareous shell Fragments cemented together
Phyllite
Foliate Metamorphic Rock
Mica is present silky sheen, wavy foliation common
Slate
Foliated Metamorphic Rock
excellent cleavage dark color
lack of visible minerals
Marble
Non-foliated Metamorphic Rock
effervesces in acid
Calcite
Serpentine
Non foliated Metamorphic Rock
Green color amporhous appearacne
veinlets may be present
Anthracite
Nonfoliate metamorphic Rock
(from coal)
C
Muscovite Schist
Schist - predominately Muscovite
Chlorite Schist
Schist - predominately Chlorite
Biotite Schist
Schist - predominately Biotite
Garnet Schist
Schist - predominately Garnet
Staurolite Schist
Schist - predominatelya brown glassy mineral that occurs as hexagonal prisms often twinned in the shape of a cross. It consists of a silicate of aluminum and iron.
Kyanite Schist
Foliated Metamorphic Rock
a blue or green crystalline mineral consisting of aluminum silicate, used in heat-resistant ceramics.
Sillimanite schist
Foliated Metamorphic Rock
an aluminosilicate mineral typically occurring as fibrous masses, commonly in schist or gneiss.