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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sodium
-Acid base balance, body water balance, nerve function
Lack: Muscle cramps, mental apathy, reduced appetite
Excess: High BP
**MAJOR**
Potassium
-Fluid balance
-Nerve transmission
-Acid base balance
Lack: Muscle cramps, irregular cardiac rhythm, loss of appetite, mental confusion
**MAJOR**
Calcium
-Normal bones and teeth
-Blood clotting
-Nerve transmission
Lack: Stunted growth, rickets, osteoporosis
**MAJOR**
Chloride
-Extracellular fluid balance
Excess: High BP
**MAJOR**
Phosphorus
-Normal bones and teeth
-acid base balance
Lack: WEakness, demineralization
Excess: Erosion of jaw
**MAJOR**
Magnesium
-Activates enzymes necessary for protein synthesis
Lack: growth failure, behavioral disturbances
Excess: diarrhea
**MAJOR**
Iodine
-Thyroid hormone
Lack: goiter
Excess: Depresses thyroid function
**MAJOR**
Zinc
-Constituent of digestive enzymes
Lack: growth failure, small sex glands, poor tissue healing(?)
Excess: Fever, nausea, vomit, diarrhea
IRon
-Hemoglobin enzyme function
-Energy metabolism
Lack: Weakness, reduced resistance to infection
Excess: Cirrhosis of liver
Flouride
-Maintenance of bone density
Lack: higher frequency of tooth decay
Excess: Mottling of teeth, inc. bone density
Copper
-Constituent of iron metabolism enzymes
Lack: Anemia
Excess: Wilson's Disease-hepatic excretion of copper which accumulates
Selenium
-Functions with Vit. E as an antioxidant
Lack: Anemia
Excess: GI disorders, lung irritations
Chromium
-Glucose and energy metabolism
Lack: impaired ability to metabolize glucose
Excess: Occupational exposure only--skin and kidney damage
Sulfur
-Acid base balance
-Liver function
RDA unknown