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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a mineral is a naturally occuring, inorganic, solid, with a crystaline shape, and a definite chemical composition
how many different types of mineral are found on earth
atoms are arranged in a repeating pattern
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in orderly repeatting pattern
what are the 6 major crystaline structures
monoclinic, triclinic, cubic, orthorombic, hexigonal, tetragonal
magma and process of minerals being created
a molten rock beneath the earth's surface. As magma cools, molecules and compounds arrange themselves into reapeating patterns. The minerals that form are determined by the elements that are present slowly-big fast-small
is a molten rock at the earth's surface. it cools so quickly that little or no crystals form
crystals from solutions
crystals can form minerals dissolved in water in 2 ways
As water evaporates the minerals are left behind to form crystals
if too much of a substance is present in water ions (charged atoms) come together to form crystals within the water of the solution
a group of minerals that form most rocks . Usu
a group of minerals that form most rocks silicates are usually predominatly made of oxygen and silicon which are the two most abundent elements in the earth's crust
Give an example of a common silicate.