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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The physical properties of minerals are fundamentally controlled by what?
structure and chemical composition
physical properties that depend on the mass are?
1)density

2)specific gravity
physical properties that depend on mechanical cohesion are?
1)hardness
2)tenacity
3)cleavage
4)fracture
5)parting
physical properties that depend on interaction with light?
1)luster
2)color
3)streak
4)luminescence
other physical properties of minerals are?
1)magnetism
2)electrical behavior
3)taste
4)odor
5)reaction with acid
Density = ?
mass/volume

(usually expressed in units of grams per cubic centimeters)
The density of water at 4 degrees C is?
1 gram per cubic cenimeter
Specific Gravity = ?
density of a material divided by the density of water.
The packing index for minerals formed at high pressure is ___ than for minerals formed at lower pressure.
higher
Harndess of a mineral is?
the ease with which a mineral may be scratched.
The most widely used scratch hardness scale in mineralogy is know as?
the Mohs scale of hardness.
The hardness of Talc is ___?
1
The hardness of Gypsum is ___?
2
The hardness of Calcite is ___?
3
The hardness of Fluorite is ___?
4
The hardness of Apatite is ___?
5
The hardness of Orthoclase is ___?
6
The hardness of Quartz is ___?
7
The hardness of Topaz is ___?
8
The hardness of Corundum is ___?
9
The hardness of Diamond is ___?
10