Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
The scale used to rate the hardness of a mineral
Moh's Scale
The acid test that uses hydochloric acid tests for this mineral
carbonates
carbon
Bauxite is the most important mineral source of this
aluminum
metal
This is the mineral property that describes the way light reflects off the surface of the mineral
luster
Beaautiful,rare,and valuable minerals that are cut and polished for jewlery
gems
Atoms or ions that are arranged in an orderly repeating pattern
crystals
Naturally occuring minerals form from cooling magma or lava and form this
solutions
A method of removing metals from ore
smelting
A minerals mass per unit volume
density
The slower the formation of crystals results in crystals of this size
larger
The test used to determine the color of a mineral powder
steak test
Minerals that contain large enough quanity of an element to make them profitable to mine
ores
tores
Galena is a source of this element
lead
lena
The ability of a mineral to resist scratching
hardness
This is the mineral from the lab that responded to a magnetic field
magnetite
magnet
the hardest mineral known to man
diamonds
these 4 characteristics that define a substance as a mineral
1. naturally occuring
2. definite chemical composition
3. solid crystalline structure
4. inorganic
List 7 properties that can be used to indentify different minerals
1.color and appearance
2.hardness (Moh's Scale)
3.Luster (way a mineral reflects light)
4.Specific Gravity
5.Streak(color of a mineral when in powerdered form
6.Cleavage/Fracture - Cleavage breaks smoothor flat/ Fracture - uneven
7.Magnetic - like magnitite - double image/ calcite
Test a mineral for hardness
use Moh's scale / list hardness of 10 minerals. Can test w/ fingernail, iron nail, another mineral
Streak Test
includes a piece of unglazed porcelian tile and a mineral to be tested. Rub mineral across tile to see powdered steak