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8 Cards in this Set

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standardization - the imposition of uniformity upon a set of objects - is functional in many fields because of its functionality. Who feels that way in terms of language, and what are its pros and cons?
well, a standard language allows one to communicate across different dialects and allows usage in many different settings.
why do standard languages allow elaboration of function (use in a wide variety of sphere's of activity)?
because all subsets and dialects borrow their specific terminology from its use in the standard language.
what did Milroy mean when he talked about the 'standard ideology'?
The ideology created by the assumption of the existence of a standard language against which everything can be compared; creating notions of correctness, authority, and relative linguistic prestige.
What's the most successfully standardized level of language?
spelling is quite standardizable (it has strong prestige and little dialectical value)
list some social institutions which serve to codify standard language.
educational institutions, dictionaries, and books of grammar and style all serve to solidify these things.
what term is used for the converse, (i.e. the opposite) of 'prestige' in reference to languages?
'stigma'
Are the highest-class members of society the models for the standard languages? if not, who are?
Lawyers, anchormen, and the most prestigeous people whose livelihood and activities revolve around communication, are generally the models for standard language.
what variety of a given language are language histories usually talking about?
They generally are attempts to map the history of the standard variety; therefore urban and rural varieties are followed only insofar as they detail the past standard.