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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
clerk of the House
a non-member staff worker in the House of Representatives
State of the Union Address
An annual message delivered to Congress in which the President reports on the condition of the country and proposes plans to the American people and Congress.
bill
proposed laws
public bill
A legislative measure that applies to the nation as a whole.
private bill
Alegislative measure that applies to certain people or places and not the nation as a whole
joint resolution
A legal measure, similar to a bill, passed by Congress and signed by the president, which has the force of law.
concurrent resolution
A congressional measure that deals with matters requiring the action from bothe the house and senate, but for which law is not needed. Intended to express an opinion or an official policy, concurrent resolutions must be passed by both chambers of Congress, but do not require the president's signature and don't have the force of law.
simple resolution
legislation that deals only with matters affecting only one chamber of Congress and is passed by that chamber alone.
rider
An amendment or provision attached to a bill that is not related to the subject of the bill.
hopper
The box in the House of Representatives, near the clerk's desk, in which new bills are dropped.
sponsors
Legislators who draft and propose bills
pigeonhole
Filing a bill away or setting it aside for no further action.
markup sessions
A meeting in which congressional conference committee members decide which changes, if any, should be made on a bill.
calendar
A schedule of the order when bills will be taken up in committee or on the floor
House Rules Committee
A permanent Committee in the House of Representatives that provides the rules under which bills can be considered, debated and amended.
quorum
The minimum number of legislators who must be present for a legislative body to conduct business.
committee of the whole
A procedure that the House of Representatives uses to expidite its business by creating itself into one large committee
voice vote
a method of voting in the legislature. All in favor say, "aye" all opposed say, "nay"
standing vote
A method of voting in the legislature in which those present are required to stand to show whether they support or oppose a measure
teller vote
A method of voting in the legislature in which those who support or oppose a measure are required to show their vote by walking down an aisle.
roll-call or record vote
A method of voting in the legislature in which legislators coll out their vote on an issue. A computer records each vote and a display board shows how each legislator has voted.
filibuster
Unlimited debate to hault action in the Senate
cloture
A limiting of debate by a legislature in order to get an immediate vote on the question being discussed.
cloture rule
A Senate rule that imposes a one-hour limit on the amount of time a senator may speak about a bill or issue
conference report
A report submitted by a conference committee after they have drafted a single version of a bill.
veto
Latin word meaning "I forbid"; the refusal an official, such as a president or governor, to sign a bill into law.
pocket veto
A special veto used by chief executive after the legislature has adjourned. Bills that are not signed by the chief executive die after a specified period of time and must be reintroduced if Congress wishes to reconsider them.
line-item veto
Apower used by the executive branch to veto one or more provisions of a bill while allowing the remainder of the bill to become law.