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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
legislative power
the authority to make laws
bicameral legislature
legislature that is made up of two chambers or houses
term
the period of time during which a public official serves
convening
the formal opening of each term of Congress. The 20th amendment sets it as Jan. 3 of odd-numbered years, unless changed by Congress.
sessions
regular periods of time during which legislative bodies assemble and conduct business
recesses
periods of time during which alegislative or judicial body is not in session.
special sessions
unscheduled sessions of Congress ordered by the president
apportioned
seats in a in a legislative body are distributed among electoral districts based on state population
census
an official count of population of a city, state, or, nation.
reapportionment
the redrawing of legislative district lines usually after a census is taken, in accordance with population changes indicated by the census.
congressional district
the geographic area within a state that is served by one representative in Congress
single-member districts
electoral areas from which single officeholders are chosen by voters
at large
the election of an official by the voters of an entire governmental unit such as a state or a county, rather than voters from a subdivision of that unit.
gerrymandering
the practice of redrawing legislative district boundary lines to obtain voting advantages for a political party or group
franking privilege
a privilege that allows members of Congress to send materials through the mail by substituting their facsimile signature (frank) for postage.
casework
a form of social work in which members of Congress directly involve themselves in themselves in the problems and needs of individual citizens
pork barrel
appropriations for local projects that improve legislator's popularity in their own districts
congressional immunity
privilege set out in the Constitution that guarantees freedom of speech to members while they are conducting congessional business. Protects the freedom of legislative debate
censure
as official reprimand of a legislator by his or her peers
expulsion
the forced removal of a member of Congress for misconduct.
reprimand
an official reproach used by Congress for a member guilty of misconduct
majority party
the party that holds over half the seats in a legislature
Speaker of the House
presiding officer in the House of Representatives almost always a long-time, powerful member of the House.
caucus
a closed meeting of party leaders to select party candidates or decide policy
presidential succession
the legal procedure by which government leaders succeed the presidency should the president die, become disabled, or be romoved from office
majority leader
the leader of the majority party in the House. Elected by the party and is their leader and must keep them in order.
minority leader
The leader of the minority party in the House. Elected by his party members
minority party
the party with fewer members in each house of Congress
whips
assistant floor leaders who aid tje majority and minority floor leaders
president pro tem
the temporary presiding office of the Senate in the absense of the Vice President
standing committees
permanent committees in the House or Senate that consider bills within a subject area
seniority rule
in Congress, the practice of the majority party caucus choosing the longest serving member of a particular committee to be a committee chairperson
subcommittees
division of larger committees that deal with a particular part of the committee's policy area
select committees
temporary legislative committee established for a specific purpose
joint committees
legislative committees composed of members from both houses of Congress
conference committees
a special joint committee appointed to reconcile differences when a bill passes the two houses of Congress in different forms
administrative assistant
person hired to manage a lawmaker's office, supervise his or her scchedule, and give advice.
legislative director
aide to a lawmaker who directs and manages the lawmaker's staff
legislative assistants
aides to lawmakers who make sure they are informed about the bills the must deal with
caseworkers
membera of congressional staffs who manage the numerous requests for help from constituents.
legislative correspondents
aides to lawmakers who handle their correspondence