Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a transition phase between normal ______ and _________.
aging; dementia
the term MCI was coined by Peterson et al (99,01); describes individuals with c/o and objective evidence of _____ impairment but no evidence of ________.
memory; dementia
Past terms related to ______ have included malignant senescent forgetfulness, age-assoc. memory imp., late-life forgetfulness, age-assoc. cog. decline, age-related cog. decline, mild cog. decline, mild neurocog. disorder.
Past concepts for phenomena similar to MCI have had inconsistent inclusion criteria. This has impeded understanding of e______, p______, conversion rates to ______, and estimates of i________ and p__________
etiology, prognosis, dementia; incidence and prevalence
dx criteria of MCI: (1)______ complaints, pref. corroborated by informant; (2) impaired _____ fx on testing (controlled for age & ed.); (3)preserved general ______ ______; (4) intact activities of ______ ______; (5) no evidence of _________
memory; memory; cognitive fx/intell. ability; daily living; dementia
differential: more minor complaints/difficulties seen in normal aging, while there is greater interference with _____ and _____ in dementia (as well as other changes in cognitive functioning)
memory; ADLs
some evidence suggests that combining the __-___ S___ Exam and the Cognitive Capacity Screening Exam shows good sensitivity and specificity in IDing those with MCI who later convert to ________
MMSE; Alz. Dementia
NP evals must screen for these factors which may account for memory difficulties(name 3):
depression, anxiety, chronic pain
Some studies have shown that pts. with MCI had markedly lower scores on smell ID tests than did normals; may be useful in a battery but be aware that this test may be _____ but not _____ to MCI.
sensitive; specific
neuroimaging and neuropathology studies suggest some atrophy of the ______ in pts. with MCI, which was predictive of conversion to ______ ______. Neuropath. studies on individuals with MCI have shown evidence of n_________ t_________s.
hippocampus, Alz. Dementia; neurofibrillary tangles
prevalence of MCI in non-institutionalized individuals may be up to _______ times that of AD
predictors of MCI progression to AD include _________ atrophy and ________ susceptibility
hippocampal, genetic