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159 Cards in this Set

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Adjunct
(n.)- something added to something else as helpful or useful but not essential; an assistant or helper; a valuable quality or characteristic;
(adj.)- added or connected in a subordinate capacity; attached to a faculty or staff in an auxiliary capacity.
(s.)- associate, addition, accessory
Bellwether
(n.) the male sheep that leads the lock to the slaughterhouse; la leader, as in a desperate or violant undertaking; an indicator of trends
(s.) ringleader, initiator, barometer
(A.) Follower, imitator, emulator
Caterwaul
To howl or screech like a cat; to quarrel; a harsh or noisy cry; a racket
(s.)- whine, wail, screech
Chimerical
-absurd; wildly fantastic; impossible
(s.)- fanciful, visionary, quixotic, pie-in-the-sky
(a.)- realistic, down-to-earth, practicable
Effete
- Lacking in wholesome vigor or energy; worn out or exhausted; sterile or unable to produce; out-of-date
(s.)- decadent, enfeebled, outmoded
(a.)- thriving, burgeoning, vigorous, dynamic
Fait accompli
- An accomplished and presumably irreversible deed, fact, or action
(s.) accomplished fact
hidebound
- narrow minded and ridgid, especially in opinions or prejudices; stubbornly and unthinkingly conservative
(s.)- intolerant, inflexable
(a.) open minded, tolerant, libral, progressive
Hierarchy
-any system of things or people arranged or graded one above another in order or rank, wealth, class, etc.
(s.)- Chain of command, pecking order
liturgy
- a religous service or rite; the form of a ritual or other act of public worship
(s.) ceremony, observance
mirage
-something illusory, withour substance, or without a basis in reality; an illusion
(s.)- optical illusion
Morass
-a patch of law soft wet ground; a swamp; a confusing situation in which one is entrapped, as in quicksand
(s.)- bog, quagmire
(a.)- solid ground, bedrock, terra firma
Noisome
-offensive or discusting; foul smelling; harmful or injurious
(s.) fatid, noxious, vile, loathsome
(a.) wholesome, pleasant, sweet smelling
Oblivious
forgetful unaware
(s.) insensible
(a.) aware, mindful, cognizant, alert
poltroon
-a base coward
(s.)-craven, dastard,"chicken"
(a.)-hero, stalwart, gallant
proselyte
-a convert; a disciple
(s.)- novice, neophyte
(a.)- maste, teacher, guide, guru
quasi
- resembling but not actually benig; seemingly but not actually or completely
s.- kind of, semi-, as if
a. totally, completely, actually, in fact
Raillery
- good humored ridicule; teasing
s.- banter, persiflage
ribald
-irreverantly mocking; course, vulgar, or indecent in language
s. bawdy, risque
a.- seemly proper, decorous
supine
-lying flat on one's back; listless or lethargic; apathetic or passive
s. prone, prostrate; inert
a. upright, erect, perpendicular, vertical
vignette
- a short description or sketch; a picture or illustration with edges that gradually shade off; a decorative design on the title page of the book or at the beginning or end of a chapter
s.- thumbnail sketch, anecdote
a.- epic, full-length, treatment
aegis
-protection; patronage; sponsorship
s.- auspices
apprise
-to inform of; to make aware of by giving oral or written notice
-accquaint, notify
a.- keep secreat, withhold information
bibulous
-fond of or inclined to drink; absorbent
s.- inebrious, alcoholic
a.- teetotaling, abstemious, temperate
clague
-a group od people hired to applaud a perfor,er or performance; enthusiastic or fawning admirers; an opera hat
s.- fan club, flatters, hangers-on
deracinate
- to pull up by the roots; to root out, uproot, or dislocate, to eliminate all traces of
s.- extirpate, eradicate, expunge
a. implant, nurture, foster, instill
eleemosynary
-charitable; dependant upon or supported by charity; derived from or provided by charity
s.-philanthropic, beneficent
a.-selfish, self-seeking, uncharitable
indigenous
-originating in the country or region where found, native; inborn; inherent
s.- endemic, domestic, homegrown
a.- foreign, alien, exoteric, imported
lachrymose
givin to tears or weeping; causing to shed tears; mournful, lugubrious
s.-tearful, doleful, dolorous
a.- dry-eyed, cheerful, merry, hilarious
lexicon
dictionary of language; the special vocab of a person, group, or subject; a compendium
s. wordbook, glossary
melee
- a confused struggle; a violent-free-for-all; a tumultous mingling
s.- fracas, brawl, scuffle, donnybrook
a.- friendly chat, peace and quiet
microcosm
a mini world or universe; a group or system viewed as the model of a larger group or system
s.- epitome, world in little
a.- universe, macrocosm, cosmos, totality
minuscule
-very small, tiny; a lowercase letter
s.- infinitesimal, insignificant
a.- huge, massive, monumental
obfuscate
- to darkeb or obscure; to confuse or bewilder
s.- muddy the waters
a.- clarify, elucidate, explicate (clear and explain)
paternalism
-the policy or practice of treating or governing people in the manner of a father dealing with his children
s.- benevolence, solicitude, fatherliness
polarize
-to cause to concentrate around two conflicting or contrasting positions; to cayse light to vibrate in a pattern
s.- split, divide, alienate, astrange
a.- unite, unify, reconcile
purview
-the range, extent or scope of something in law, the scope or limit of what is provided in a statute
s. jurisdiction, orbit
sanguine
--ahving a ruddy complexion; of a naturally cheerful confident, or optimistic outlook
solecism
-a substandard or ungrammatical usage; a breach of etiquette; any impropriety or mistake
s.- misusage, blunder, faux pas
a.- correct usage
vassal
- a person under the protection of a feudal lord to whom or she owes allegiance; a subordinate or dependant; a servant; subservient
s.- menial, minion, servile
a.- overlord
verisimilitude
-the quality of apperaring to be true, real, likley, or probable
s.- realism, lifelikeness, authenticity
ancillary
-subordinate or supplementary
s.- auxiliary, subsidiary, accessory
a.- central, key, primary, principal, main
bowdlerize
-to remove material considered offensive ( from a book, play,film. etc.)
s.- censor, purge, expurgate
condescend
to come down or stoop voluntarily to a lower level; to deal with people in a partonizing manner
s.- deign
cozen
- to trick; to cheat or swindle
s.- dupe, decieve, beguile, inveigle
enclave
-an enclosed district, region, or area inhabited by a particular group of people or having a special character
s.- island, subgroup
forte
a person's strong point; what a person does best
s.- gift, aptitude, specialty
a.- weakness, shortcoming, foible
gratis
-free, with out charge
s.- on the house, freely
a.- for a price
icon
a representation or image or a sacred personage, often considered sacred itself; an image or picture; a symbol; a graphic symbol on a computer monitor display; an object of blind devotion
s.- emblem, idol
interstice
-a small, narrow space between things or parts of things
s.- gap, slot, crevice, interval, lacuna
marcocosm
-the universe considered as a whole; the entire complex structure of something
s.- cosmos, entirety
a.- model, imiature, microcosm
mountebank
- a trickster or swindler; a charlatan
s.- imposter, quack
a.- sucker, dupe, "mark", "pigeon"
paean
- a song of praise, joy, or triumph
s.- hymn, ode, anthem
a.- dirge, elegy. lament. threnody
persiflage
-lighthearted joking, talk, or writing
s.- banter, jesting, repartee, badinage
plethora
- overfullness; superabundance; superfluity
s.- surplus, surfeit, glut, excess
a.- shortage, paucity, dearth, scarcity
pragmatic
-concerned with practical considerations or values; dealing with actions and results rather than with abstract theory; stiff in on's opinions
s.- down- to earth, businesslike
a. idealistic, impractical, visionary
quizzical
-puzzled; mocking; odd; equivocal
s.- peculiar, perplexed, mystified, derisive
a.- unequivocal, crystal- clear, unambiguous
rapacity
-inordinate greed; the disposition to obtain one's desires by force, extortion, or plunder
s.- avarice, cupidity, voraciousness
a.- liberality, generosity, altruism
schism
- a formal split in A religous organization; any division or seperation of a group or organization into hostile factions
s.- rift, breach
a.- united front, reconciliation
therapeutic
-having the power to heal or cure; beneficial
s.- curative, salutary, salubrious
a.- harmful, injurious, deleterious
virtuoso
-a brillant performer; a person with masterly skill or technique; masterly or brillant
affinity
-a natural attraction to a person, thing, or activity; a relationship, connection
s.- inclination, penchant
a.- distaste, aversion
billious
-peevish or irritable; sickeningly inpleasant
s.- choleric, irascible, peevish, splenetic
a.- sweet- tempered, genial, pleasant, delightful
cognate
-closely related in orgin, essemtial nature or funtction; such a person or thing
s.- allied, affililated; relative
a.- dissimilar, inrelated
corollary
-a proposition that follows from one already proven ; a natural consequence or result; resultant or consequent
s.- deduction, conclusion
a.- axiom, postulate, premise
cul-de- sac
-a blind alley or dead end street; any situation in which furthur progress in impossible ; an impasse
derring-do
-valor or heroism; daring deeds or exploits (often used to poke fun at false heros)
s.- audacity, bravado, pyrotechnics
a.- cowardice, timidity, poltroonery
divination
-the art or act of prdicting the future or discovering hidden knowledge
s.- prophecy, augury
elixir
- a potion once thought capable of curing all ills and maintaning life indefinatley; a panacea; a sweet liquid used as a vechicle in medicines
s.- cure-all, nostrum, tonic
folderol
-foolish talk, ideas, procedures, nonsense; a trifle
s.- hoopla, gibberish
a.- sense, significance
gamut
-an wntire range or series
s. scope, compass, sweep
hoi polloi
- the common people, the masses
s.- rank and file
a.- aristocracy, elite, upper class
ineffable
- not expressible in words; too great or too sacred to be uttered
s.- inexpressiblt, indescribable
lucubration
-alaborious study or thought, especially at night; the result of such work
s.- burning the midnight oil, deep thought
mnemonic
-relating to or designed to assist the momory; a device to aid the memort
s.- reminder cue
obloquy
-public abuse indicating strong disapproval or censure; the disgrace resulting from such treatment
s.- discredit, opprobrium, ignominy, dishonor
a.- praise, acclaim, approbation.
parameter
-a determining or characteristic element; a factor that shapes the total outcome; a limit, boundary
pundit
-a learned person; one who gives authoritative opinions
s.- expert, authority, savant
a.- layman, amateur, dilattante
risible
-pertaining to laughter; able or inclined to laugh; laughable
s.- droll ludicrous
a.- depressing, poignant, heartrending
symptomatic
-typical or characteristic; being or concerned with a symptom of a disease
s.- indicative
volte-face
-an about-face; a complete reversal
s.-turnabout
aficionado
-an enthusiastic and usually expert follower or fan
s.- devotee, enthusiast
browbeat
-to intimidate by a stern or overbearing manner; to bully
s.- cow, coerce
a.- coax, cajole, wheedle, sweet-talk
commensurate
-equal in size, extent, duration, or importance; proportionate; measureable by the same standards
s.- comparable, corresponding, coordinate
diaphanous
-very sheer and light; almost completely transparent
s.- tranlucent, gossamer
a.- opaque, course, dense
emolument
-profit derived from an office or position or from employment a fee or salary
s.- pay, wadges, compensation
foray
-a quick raid, especially for plunder; a venture into some field of endeavor; to make such a raid.
s.- sally, sortie, venture
a.- retreat, strategic withdrawl
genre
-a type, class, or variety, especially a distinctive category of literary composition; a style of painting which everyday scenes are realistically depicted
s.- species, sort, school
homily
-a sermon stressing moral principals; a tedious moralizing lecture or discourse
immure
-to enclose or confine with in walls; to imprison; to seclude or isolate
s.- incarcerate, mew up
a.- release, liberate, emancipate
insouciant
-blithely indifferent or unconcerned; carefree; happy-go-lucky
s.- nonchalant, blase, devil-may-care
a.-worried, careworn, agitated, distraught
matrix
-a mold; the surrounding situation or enviornment
s.-pattern, model
obsequies
-funeral rites or ceremonies
s.- last rites, funeral services
panache
-a confident and stylish manner, dash; a strikingly elaborate ot colorful display
s.- style, verve, elan, eclat, flamboyance
persona
-a character in a novel or play; the outward characteristic or role that a person assumes
s.- personality, image, role
philippic
-a bitter verbal attack
s.- harangue, tirade, diatribe
a.- encomium, panegyric, tribute
prurient
-having lustful desires or intrests; tending to arouse sexual desires
s.- lascivious, salscious, lewd, titillating
a.-prudish, demure, innocent
sacrosanct
-very sacred or holy; inviolable; set apart or immune from questioning or attack
systemic
of or pertaining to the entire body; relating to a system or systems
s.- extensive, comprhensive, system-wide
a.- localize, specific, isolated, confined
tendentious
-intended to promoet a particular point of view, docterine or cause; biased or partisan
s.- partial
a.-fair, impartial, equitable, disinterested
vicissitude
-a change, variation, or alteration; successive or changing phases or conditions
s.- fluctuation, vacillation
a.- sameness, evenness
abortive
-falling to accomplish an intended aim or purpose; only partially or imperfectly developed
s.-miscarried, fruitless, premature
a.- successful, realized, consummated
contumelious
-insolent or rude in speech or behavior; insultingly abusive; humiliating
s.- vitperative,scurrilous, excoriating
a.- laudatory, commendatory, deferential
dictum
-a short saying; an authoritative statement
s.- maxim, precept, aphorism, axiom
ensconce
-to settle comfortably and firmly in position; to put or hide in a safe place
s.- nestle, lodge, entrench
a.- unseat, displace, oust
iconoclastic
-attacking or seeking to overthrow popilar or traditional beliefs, ideas, or institutions
s.- image-breaking, irreverent, heretical
a.- orthodox, conservative, reverant
in medias res
-in or into the middle of a plot; into the middle of things
internectine
-mutally destructive; characterized by great slaughter and bloodshed
s.- murderous, savage, ruinous
a.- peaceful, harmonious, constructive
maladroit
-lacking skill or dexterity; lacking tact, perception, or judgement
s.- inept, awkward, clumsy, gauche
a.- skillful, dexterous, deft, tactful
maudlin
-excessicley or effusively sentimental
s.- mushy, mawkish
modulate
-to change or vary the intensity or pitch; temper or soften; to regulate, ajust
s.-adapt, moderate
portentous
-forshadowing an event to come; causing wonder or awe; self-consciously weighty,pompous
s.- foreboding, ominous, pretentious
a.- auspicious, propitious, encouraging
prescience
-knowledge of events or actions before they happen, foresight
s.- forknowledge
a.- hindsight
salubrious
-conductive to health or well- beuing; wholesome
s.- beneficical, healthy, invigorating
a.- harmful, unhealthy, deleterious, noxious
quid pro quo
-something given in exchange or return for something else
s.-swap, trade
saturnalian
-characterized by riotous or unrestrained reverlry or licentiousness
s.- dissipated, debauched, orgiastic
a.- sedate,prim, decorous, seemly
touchstone
- a means of testing worth or genuineness
s.-criterion, yardstick, benchmark
traumatic
-so shocking to the emotions as to cause lasting and substantial psychological damage
s.- jolting
a.-soothing, comforting, agreeable, pleasant
vitiate
-to weaken, debase, or corrupt; to impair the quality or value of
s.- degrade, undermine
a.- purify, fortify, stengthen, enhance
waggish
-fond of making jokes; characteristics of a joker; playfully humorous or droll
s.-whimsical, jocular
a.- serious, grave, grim, dour, humorless
abeyance
a state of being temporarialy inactive, suspended or set aside.
s.- deferment, postponement, suspension
ambivalent
-having opposite and conflicting feelings about someone or something
s.- equivocal, ambiguous, of 2 minds
a.- unequivocal
belesguer
- to sat upon from all sides; to surround with an army; to trouble, harass
s.- besiege, encircle, pester
carte blanche
-full freedom or authority to act at on'e own discretion
s.- blank check, free rein
cataclysm
-a sudden, violent, or devestation upheaval; surging flood, deluge
s.- disaster, catastrophe
debauch
-to corrupt morally, seduce; to indulge to dissipation; an act or occasion of dissipation or vice
s.- carouse, spree,orgy
a.- elevate, uplift, inspire, purify
eclat
-dazzling or conspicuous success or aclaim; great brillance (of performance or achievement)
s.- celebrity
a.- dullness, insipidity, mediocrity
fastidious
-overly demanding or hard to please; excessively careful in regard to details; easily disgusted
s.- precise, meticulous, exacting, finicky
a.- careless, sloppy, messy, untidy, slovenly
gambol
-jump or skip anout playfully
s.- frolic, romp, cavort, caper
a.- lumber, trudge, plod
inbue
-to soak or stain thoroughly; to fill the mind
s.- infuse, instill, inculcate
a.- remove, expunge, eradicate, erase
inchoate
-just begining; not fully shaped or formed
s.- incipient, embryonic, rudimentary
a.- mature, developed, complete
lampoon
a malicous satire; to satirize ridicule
s.- burlesque, parody
a.- compliment, flattery, homage.
malleable
-capable of being formed into different shapes; capable of being altered, adapted, or influenced
s.- pliable, impresionable, adaptable
a.- rigid, inflexible, unyielding, intractable
nemesis
-an agent or force inflicting vengeance or punishment retribution itself; unbeatable rival
s.- comeuppance, avenger
a.- guardian angel, ally, patron
opt
-to make a choice or decision
s.- choose select, decide
philistine
-lacking in , hostile to , or smugly indifferent to cultural and artistic values or refinments; such a person
s.- boorish, lowbrow, yahoo
a.- refined, cultivated, esthete, high brow
picaresque
-involving or characteristic of clever rogues or adventures
s.- rogish, rascally, rakish
queasy
-nauseated or uneasy; causing nausea or uneasiness troubles
s.- unsettled
a.- slam, untroubled, confident
refractory
-stubborn; hard or difficulte to manage; not responsive to treatment or cure
s.- unruly, disobedient, willful, mulish
a.- docile, tractable, dutiful, obedient
Savior faire
-the abilty to say and do the right thing in any situation; social compentence
s.- tact, finesse, suavity, sophisticaton
a.- tactlessness, gaucherie, boorishness
aberration
-a departure from what is proper, right, expected or normal; a lapse from a sound mental state
s.- devation, anomaly, irregularity
ad hoc
for this specific purpose; improvised; with respect to this
s.- makeshift
a.- permanent, long standing
bane
-the source or cause of fatal injury death, detruction or ruin; death or ruin itself; posion
s.-spoiler, bete, noire
a.- blessing, comfort, solance, balm
bathos
the intrusion of commonplace or trite material into a context whose tone is lofty or elevated; grossly insincere or exaggerated sentimentality; the lowest pahse, nadir; an anti climax, come down
s.- mawkishness, mush, schmaltz
cantankerous
-ill-tempered, quarrelsome; difficult to get along or deal with
-cranky, testy, pevish, irascible, ornery
a.- good natured, sweet tempered, genial
casuistry
-the determination of right and wrong in questions of coduct or conscience by the application of general ethical principles; specious(false) argument
s.- sophistry, quibbling
de facto
-actually existing or in effect, although not legally required or sanctioned, in reality actually
s.- in actuality, in point of fact
a.- de jure, by right
depredation
-the act of preying upon or plundering
s.- lootinh, pillage, outrage
empathy
-a sympathetic understanging of or identification with the feelings , thoughts,or attitudes od someone or something else
s.- sympathy, compassion
a.- insensitivity, callousness, detachment
harbinger
-a fore runner, herald; to hearld the approach of
s.- precursor, presage
a.- aftermath, epilogue, sequel
hedonism
-the belief that the attainment od pleasure is lifes main aim; devoltion to or pursuit of pleasure
s.- pleasure seeking, sensuality, sybaritism
a.- asceticcism, puritanism, self- denial
lackluster
-lacking brillance or vitality; dull
s.- vapid, insipid, drab, flat
a.- brillant, radiant, dazzling
malcontent
discontented with or in open defiance of prevailing conditions; such a person
s.- dissatisfied, disgruntled; grumbler
a.- satisfied, contented, complacent, smug
melliflous
-flowing sweetly or smoothly; honeyed
s.- euphonious, musical
a.- shrill strident, harch, grating
nepotism
-undue favoritism to or excessive partonage of on'e relatives
pander
-to cater to or provide satisfaction for the low tastes or vices of others; a person who does this
s.- indulge, pimp, procurer
peccadillo
-a minor sin offense; a trifling fault or short coming
s.- indiscretion
a.- felony, mortal sin, enormity, atrocity
piece de resistance
-the prinipal dish of a meal; the principal event; incident, or item; an outstanding accomplishment
s.- centerpiece, chefd'oeuvre
a.-preliminary, hors d'oeuvre
remand
-to send or order back; in law; to send back to jail or to a lower court
s.- remit, return
a.- forward to, send on, release
syndrome
-A group of symptoms or signs that collectivley characterize or indicate a disease, disorder, abnormality etc.
s.- complex, pattern