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11 Cards in this Set

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children’s natural growth and development, contribute to peace and understanding, ethnic and religious tolerance, teachers should be gentle and loving and create joyful and pleasant classrooms, lessons and learning should be gradual, cumulative, and pleasant
Comenius
first, religous war and protestant reformation
develop ideas in the mind based on sense perceptions, educate individuals capable of self-government, civic education, child’s environment important physical and social, learning a gradual process
Locke
English Glorious Revolution, blank slate, goodness, empiricism
create a learning environment that allows the child’s innate natural goodness to flourish, give children the freedom to explore their environment, stages of development important, natural, human instincts as initial means to knowledge, learning from experience
Rousseau
french enlightenment, art history
develop the human being’s moral, mental, and physical powers harmoniously, use sense perception in forming clear ideas, group instruction by the object lesson, common objects, permissive and emotionally healthy homelike learning enviro, instruction follow nature, sensory learning
Pestalozzi
post napolean, and industrialism
enable human beings to live effectively, economically, and scientifically, darwin, no public schooling, bright students with best teachers, utilitarian, scientific objectives, instruction should be gradual, cumulative, and unhurried, advocated tech and vocational, keep pace tech and science
Spencer
Darwin
contribute to the individual’s personal, social, and intellectual growth, children socially active human beings eager to explore and gain control over their environment, interaction, scientific method, ed is social progress, personal growth, democratic education and schooling
Dewey
progressivism, scientific method
assimilate immigrants into American society while preserving their ethnic cultural heritages, multiculturalism, “socialized education”, progressive reform to reduce schools isolation from society, curriculum provide broadened experiences immediate enviro connect w/ tech society
Addams
feminism, immigration, change
assist children’s sensory, muscular, and intellectual development in a prepared environment, early experiences, repeat actions for mastery, spontaneous learning, practical, sensory, and formal skills and studies
Montessori
blank schools, feminism, early childhood
organize education in terms of children’s patterns of growth and development, everyday learning with environment, explore experiment, individualized instruction
Piaget
stages
raise consciousness about exploitative conditions, liberation, literacy = consciousness of lives, be aware of conditions, dialogue w/ teachers, study lives and histories, social political, and economic issues true reality of school situations
Freire
last
develop the latent spiritual essence of the child in a prepared environment, idealism, nationalism, child freedom, child’s spiritual essence stimulated self-active learning, imagination and games socializing children, gifts and occupations, teacher personality
Froebel
german, kindergarten,