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44 Cards in this Set

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Nietzche-German Philosopher
Superman theory-foundation for Nazi party
Charles Darwin
Theory of Evolution
Karl Marx-German Philosopher
Father of Communism
Text Books: Communist Manifesto (Marx/Ingles),Das Kapital
Sigmund Freud-German Psychologist
Father of Psychoanalysis Practice
ID,Ego,Superego
William Roentgen
Father of X-Ray technology
Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch
Proved bacteria to be cause of diseases and controlled by inoculations
Wright Brothers
Discovered air flight 1903;
North Carolina;Kitty Hawk
Alfred Nobel
Invented dynamite but also instituted a prize for peace
Nobel Peace Prize
Marie and Pierre Curie
Discovered radium and plutonium-foundation for atomic research
Albert Einstein
Father of atomic energy
E=MC2 Energy times speed of light squared
Joseph Lister
Improved hygienic conditions in hospitals
Listerine
Andrew Carnegie
Steel Tycoon and financed public buildings
Thomas Edison
Discovered the electric light
Socialism
A political system with a mixed economy-capitalism and extensive centralized social services
Nationalism
Loyalty to a nation and its common ideas
Secularism
Separation between Church and State
Religion is a private matter receiving neither prejudice nor preference in society
Syndicalism
Pro Union: of society of unionized labor has the ability to paralyze society thereby becoming the leading governing structure within society itself
Basic Capitalism
The Profit Motive defining human behavior and the right to own property
Modern Capitalism
Profit Motive, Private Property, Upware Mobility and government regulated to produce revenue for public projects and protect the employee, consumer and environment
Pure Capitalism
Profit Motive, private property, no government regulation
Communism
Sought to eliminate economic inequalities inherent in early industrial and present day profit motive norms
Private Property,Religion,Profit Motive and Political Parties(except Communist Political Party)-outlawed
Dictatorship of the Proletariat, central planning and low standard of living-downfall
Imperialism
One nation's ability to overthrow another nation, tribe or group based on superior technology and military training
Purpose-new resource potential and land
Strategic Imperalism
A policy of controlling key waterways,ports, and military posts Panama Canal, Suez,Gibraltar
Cultural Imperialism
Importing one civilization over an existing cilivation in terms of buildings, food, music, political system, schools, language, clothing, art and upward mobility
Laissez-faire
A "hands off" economic policy-meaning less or minimal government regulation of business transactions
Duma
A Russian congress-designed to defuse popular social and economic reforms while the real power of the country remained with the Russian Czar, Nicholas II
Alsace-Lorraine
A disputed area on the German and France boarder-a source of French humiliation after the Franco-Prussian War(1870-71) that would be later re-taken at the end of World War 1 by the French, re-taken by the Germans during World War II and re-taken back by the French at the end of World War II
Otto von Bismark
Unified former German states as one nation
Kaiser Wilham II
A leader of the Germany people at the outbreak of World War I
Nicholas II
A leader of the Russian people at the outbreak of World War I
The Dreyfus Case
Army officer in France wrongly accused of selling secrets; revealed early anti-semitic sentiments in Europe
Great Britain(also known as the United Kingdom, Britain or England)
Liberal, Two-Party Democratic Government, Largest Empire
Russia
Authoritarian Monarchy and Expanding Empire
Germany
Growing Political, Military, and Industrial Power, Scattered Empire
France
Multi-Party Democratic System, Second Largest Empire
Paul Kruger
Afrikaner leader during the Boer Wars
Lord Kitchner
Established the re-conquest of the Sudan and British General
Lord Lugard
B. Governor-general of Nigeria and author of "indirect rule" -British
King Leopold
King of Belgium-established a private commercial venture-state in Africa
The Colons
French settlers in Northwest Africa opposed to granting French citizenship to natives
Cecil Rhodes
An English adventurer, business man, gold farmer, founding of Rhodesia(Africa), later South and North Rhodesia and creator of the Rhodes Scholarship(Oxford)
Zulus
A famous war-like empire tribe in South Africa
Boer Wars
A war between the British and Afrikaner's
Sudan War
A war between the British and local tribe who resented Egyptian control