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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
who developed the Nitche theory
Super and Harkness
define Socialization
1. Process of becoming social member of one’s society and culture
Agents of socialization
direct inflientuial impact; interaction;family members;school;peer;media
methoids of socialization
attachement theory;operant conditioning; modeling; socio-cultural
meads ideas about right of passage
1920 he stated that famales and males go through a right of passage in premodern society that made them end there adolesscence phase
what was the nmae of bronfenbrenner's model
the ecological model
what is the microsystem
this represents the interactions between the chiold and her immediate enviroment and any resulting behaviors such as dependance or independence and cooperation or competition
what is the Mesosystem
the second level recognizes that individual Microsystems in which a child functions are npt independent but are closely interrelated and influience eachother
What is the exosystem
this is beyond the immediate environment are social settings of which he may not be a part but which
what is the Macrosystem
This is the most complex of the other systems iit consists of customs
What is the newly added system to bronfenbrenner's system and what does it do?
The Chronostystem- this is the most complicated it is about how changes over time effect the environment of the person
what does Muus state abou the Chronosystem
He points to the efect the arrival of a new baby might have on parents' interactions with each other and with other children. this shows that after the baby the mothers interaction with the current siblings changed dramaticly
what does the developmental Niche state
the theory helps to find connections between the culture socialization and ecology the second part of the niche focuses on the culturally regulated customs of child care and childrearing practices
eleaborate on the second part of the niche therory
1. informal versus formal learning 2. independence versus dependence training 3. eating and sleeping schedules
Piaget's stages of period cognitive development
sensorimotor
piaget says that infancy is during
sensorimotor birth to 2 years old
Piaget's says that during early childhood
2-6 years preoperational
Piagets says that during middle childhood
6-12 years concrete operations
Piaget says that during adolescence the child is in
12 years and older formal operations
describe sensorimotor
This is when a child understand the world through immediate action and sensation
Describe Preoperational period
this is characterized by development in language use of symbols and egocentric thinking
Describe Concrete operations
performance of tasks involving conservation in which thinking is governed by fundamental rules of logic
Describe formal operations
the ability to deal with hypothetical problems and abstract thinking
what is Assimilation
this is the process by which new information and ideas are incorporated or fit into existing knowledge or schemes
what is accommodation
this is the process of adjusting or modifying existing schemes to account for new ideas and information
list the stages vygotsky's states you go through in terms of evoluition of speech and the years that they occur
social speech (infancy-3yrs) Egocentric speech (3-7) Inner speech (7-)
what is social speech
this is a speech that is designed to gain the attention of others or to express simple ideas
what is egocentric speech
this serves to control the child's own behavior and is usually verbalized
what is Inner speech
consists of self talk this is when children rehearse what they are going to say before they say it
What are eriksons stages just list the stages
infancy (trust vs mistrust) toddler (autonomy vs shame) early childhood (initiative vs guilt) middle childhood (industry vs inferiority) Adolescence ( identity vs role confusion) Young adulthood (intimacy vs isolation) middle adulthood ( generatively vs stagnation) Late adulthood (integrity vs despair)
what is the stage for erik. in infancy
trust vs mistrust
what is the stage go erik in toddlerhood
autonomy vs shame
what is the stage go erik in early childhood
initiative vs guilt
what is the stage go erik in middle childhood
industry vs inferiority
what is the stage go erik in adolesceince
identity vs role confusion
what is the stage go erik in young adulthood
intimacy vs isolation
what is the stage go erik in middle adulthood
generativity vs stagnation
what is the stage go erik in late adulthood
integrity vs despair