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46 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is a worldview?
A set of assumptions by which you make sense of reality. God, man, reality, morality, knowledge.
What are the four values of studying history?
To gain information and reduce ignorace, gain skill in evaluating worldviews expressions, grow in our own search for truth, and to test the validity of idea.s
Zeitgeist
spirit of the age
In Hebrew theology, God is (3 things)
Creator, Sustainer, and Redeemer.
Anthropology
the nature of humans
Sociology
the nature of human society
eschatology
where history is going
ashrey
salvation, safety, triumph
When did Plato die?
347 BC
What was Platos real name?
Aritocles
What does Plato mean?
Wide, broad shouldered
Who was Plato's teacher?
Socrates
Who was Plato's favorite student?
Aristotle.
What was the school that Plato founded called?
The Academy
Why was philosophy invented?
To prove skeptics wrong.
What are the two worlds in Plato's dualism?
World of sense/experience(lower), and world of forms(invisible).
asceticism
belief that pleasure is bad
What did the survival of the polis depend on?
The ability to produce good citizens
Goodness depends on
happiness
Our goal in life is to escape the
world of forms
Thrasymachus was a _______ who said
skeptic, "if it feels good, do it."
Skepticism is
self defeating (everything I say to you is a lie)
When does skepticism occer?
When a system of thought begins to degenerate
What was Plato's view on democracy?
He hated it, because the people had power and were not to be trusted.
What are the two levels of justice?
Personal level(your character), and the public/communal(where your character is expressed) level.
Who were Platos intellectual enemies?
Sophists, skeptics, and relavists
Who said, "the unexamined life is not worth living"?
Socrates
What are the two views of Plato's Republic?
The majority view (presents ideal society), and the minority view (too difficult to obtain).
What are the three parts of Plato's trichotomy?
Reason (knowledge), spirit (honor), and appetite (desires).
What does Plato say that the three basic jobs are?
Guardians (philosopher-kings), auxiliaries (soldiers), and workers (laborers).
What are the four virtues?
Wisdom (guardians), Courage (auxiliaries), Moderation (auxiliaries and workers), and Justice.
What are four characteristics of the Roman worldview?
They copied the Greeks, were practical, tolerated religious diversity, and had very impersonal cults.
When did Cicero live?
106 BC - 43 BC
What was Cicero elected to at the age of 43 and why was this an honor?
He was elected to consul of Rome. This was an honor because there were only two of them and he was not of noble blood.
When forced to choose between Caesar and Pompey, who did he choose?
He chose to side with Pompey, but was forgiven by Caesar when Caesar won.
Why was Cicero murdered and by whom?
Mark Anthony, for speaking out against him.
What was Ciceros last book called?
On Duties, about always doing the right thing
What is the paradox of peace and freedom?
Freedom -> choices -> diversity -> conflict -> violence -> government using power. peace and freedom are incompatible
What is the solution to the paradox?
To have a government of laws, not of men
The Old Testament is what percent of the Bible?
77%
What are the two assumptions that Christians make?
That God exists and that God reveals himself in the Bible.
What are the two ways that God reveals himself?
General Revelation (always available) and Special Revelation (the Bible)
What are the four manifestations of General Revelation?
Nature, Conscience, History, and innate belief in God.
What are the two assumptions that Christians make?
That God exists and that God reveals himself in the Bible.
What are the two ways that God reveals himself?
General Revelation (always available) and Special Revelation (the Bible)
What are the four manifestations of General Revelation?
Nature, Conscience, History, and innate belief in God.