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6 Cards in this Set

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Do Clostridia species require Oxygen?
No, they are all obligate anerobe
What diseases does C. botulinum cause?
C. botulinum causes food borne botulism(preformed toxin), infant botulism(ingestion of spores) and wound botulism(injection of spores that germinate in tissue producing toxins).
What is the mechanism of botulinum toxin in causing botulism?
The toxin blocks the release of Ach resulting in flaccid paralysis.
What usually causes infant botulism? What are its symptoms?
Results from infant ingestion of contaminated honey leading to lethargy, and decreased muscle tone, floppy baby syndrome, most common type of botulism in the U.S.
What are the symptoms of classic botulism?
Cranial paralysis, including diplopia, ptosis, dysphagia, symmetric, descending motor paralysis, and death due to respiratory failure.
How is Botulism treated?
Classic botulism can be treated with respiratory care and antitoxin, as for infant botulism, infants typically recover spontaneously with supportive care.