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11 Cards in this Set

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Leptospirosis - Causative Agent
Leptospira interogans
leptospirosis - Reservoirs
leptospires shed in urine of infected animal - tropics - zoonosis - wild animals: rodents, skunks, raccoons, foxes - domestic animals: horses, dogs, cattle, pigs
Leptospirosis - Transmission
contact skin abrasions or mucous membranes with animal urine or environmental source containing urine
Leptospirosis - Organs Involved
kidneys - liver - brain - eyes
Leptospirosis - Signs/Symptoms
high fever - chills - headach - muscle aches - conjunctivitis - vomiting
Leptospirosis - Diagnosis/Lab ID
darkfield microscopy - Leptospira culture - serological tests
Leptospirosis - Treatment
PCN - tetracycline -
Leptospirosis - Prevention
vaccination for ↑risk (combat troops, animal + livestock works) - protective footwear + clothing - avoid swimming in livestock watering ponds
Leptospirosis - Other Information
can survive for several months in neutral or alkaline soil or water
Leptospirosis is associated with animal bites, inhalation, or human contact. True or False
FALSE
Leptospirosis proceeds in 2 phases
leptospirmic - immune