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100 Cards in this Set

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Micro Trigger words

Bacillus anthracis
Sheep
Goat
fur
spore
Bioterrior
Wool-sorters' disease
Micro trigger words

Bacillus cereus
Rice

Preformed toxin

Heat-stable toxin - vomiting

Heat-liable toxin - diarrhea
Micro trigger words

Bordetella pertussis
Bordet-Gengou agar

Whooping cough

DPT vaccine
Micro trigger words

Campylobacter jejeuni
Bloody diarrhea

Undercooked poultry

Thin, curved gram negative
Micro trigger words

Chlamydia
STD
UTI
PID
LGV
Trachoma
Iodine stain
Intracellular inclusion bodies
Elementary bodies
Reticulate bodies
Micro trigger words

Clostridium perfringens
Boxcar-shaped
Double zone of hemolysis
Lecithinase
Toxins
Gas gangrene
Diarrhea
Micro trigger words

Clostridium botulinum
Botulism

Floppy baby

Honey

Sepores

Food-borne
Micro trigger words

Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Pseudomembrane

DPT vaccine

A-B toxin

Schick test
Micro trigger words

Escherichia coli
Diarrhea
Neonatal meningitis
EIEC
EHEC
ETEC
EAEC
EPEC
Latose positive
O157:H7
UTI
Micro trigger words

Klebsiella pneumoniae
Currant jelly (blood) sputum

Pneumonia

Aspiration

Capsule
Micro trigger words

Actinomyces
Sulfur granules

Anaerobic

Filamentous
Micro trigger words

Francisella tularensis
Intracellular

Rabbit

Ulcer

Tularemia
Micro trigger words

Brucella
Undulant fever

Unpasteurized milk & cheese

Intracellular growth

Goats & sheep
Micro trigger words

Bacteroides fragilis
Foul-smelling

Mixed infection

Abscess
Micro trigger words

Haemophilus
X & Y factors

Hib

Capsule

Meningitis
Micro trigger words

Helicobacyer pylori
Gastric or duodenal ulcer

Urease

Urease breath test
Micro trigger words

Legionella pneumophila
Air-conditioning coolant

Shower & other lukewarm water sources

Charcoal yeast agar(BCYE agar)

Silver stain
Micro trigger words

Listeria
Meningitis
Intracellular growth
Baby
Cold enrichment
Milk products
Motility
Undercooked meat
Micro trigger words

Mycoplasma
Walking pneumonia


No cell wall
Micro trigger words

Neisseria meningitidis
Gram-negative diplococci in CSF,
Meningitis
Lipooligosaccharide
Endotoxin
Septic shock
Petechiae
Purpura
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome,
Micro trigger words

Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Gram-negative diplococci

Urethritis

STD

Thayer-Martin medium

Chocolate agar
Micro trigger words

Mycobacterium leprae
Nerve damage

Lepromatous leprosy-Th2

Tuberculoid leprosy-Th1
Micro trigger words

Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Mantoux reaction
PPD
Acid-fast
Granuloma
Caseation
Opportunistic disease
Ghon complexes
Isoniazid
Micro trigger words

Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Nosocomial infection
Cystic fibrosis
Opportunistic
Antibiotic resistant
Fruity smell
Burn patient
Micro trigger words

Rickettsia
Tick

Southeastern Atlantic &
South central states

Weil-Felix reaction

Obligate intracellular growth
Micro trigger words

Staphylococcus aureus
Grapelike clusters

Coagulase

Catalase

Toxins

MRSA
Micro trigger words

Salmonella
Dairy foods

Motile

Raw eggs & chicken

Nonlactose fermenter

Nonbloody diarrhea
Micro trigger words

Shigella
Watery, bloody diarrhea

Gram-negative bacillus

Lactose negative

No hydrogen sulfide

Shiga toxin
Micro trigger words

Streptococcus pneumoniae
Gram-positive diplos

Capsule

P disk (optichin) sensitive

Polysaccharide vaccine
Micro trigger words

Streptococcus pyogenes
B-Hemolysis

Streptolysin O & S

A disk(groupA)-bacitracin sensitivity

Gram-positive cocci in chains
Micro trigger words

Enterococcus
Entero-feces-gutbug


Nosocomial


Antibiotic resistant
Micro trigger words

Treponema pallidum
Syphilis
FTA-ABS
Painless chancre
Spirochete
Gumma
Unculturable
VDRL test
STD
Micro trigger words

Borrelia burgdorferi
Erythema chronicum migrans

Deer tick

High grass

Lyme disease
Micro trigger words

Vibrio cholerae
Comma (S) shaped

Rice-water diarrhea

Shellfish

A-B toxin
Micro trigger words

Adenovirus
Conjunctivitis
Pharyngitis
Dense basophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies
Diarrhea in infant
Infectious genome
Icosadeltahedral capsid with fibers
Poorly chlorinated swim pools
Micro trigger words

Bunyaviruses
California encephalitis viruses:Culex mosquito, arborbirus, woods, LaCrosse virus, encephalitis, meningitis

Hataviruses: hemorrhagic, petechiae, ecchymosis, bleeding tissues, rodent feces & urine
Micro trigger words

Arenaviruses
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus:rodents, flu-like symptoms, slums, ribavirin

Lhassa fever: hemorrhagic, rodents
Micro trigger words

Coronaviruses
Common cold

SARS

Fecal-oral & respiratory spread
Micro trigger words

Herpes simplex virus
Enveloped, large, DNA, Cowdry type A inclusion bodies, neurotropic, Tzanck smear, multinucleated giant cells, stress-induced recurrence, encephalitis, destruction of temporal lobe, blindness, neonatal

HSV
Micro trigger words

Cytomegalovirus
Large owl's eye nuclear inclusion body
Swollen (megalo) cells
Opportunistic desease
Mononucleosis-like syndrome
Congenital CMV
Intracerbral calcifications
Microcephaly
Micro trigger words

Epstein-Barr virus
Mononucleosis, fatigue, pharyngitis, heterophile antibody, atypical lymphocytes, rash, monospot test, ampicillin-induced rash
Micro trigger words

Varicella-zoster virus
Crops of vesicular lesions
All stages of lesions at once
Vesicles, latency
Multinucleated giant cells (syncytia)
Cowdry type A nuclear inclusion bodies
Neurotropic
Thymidine kinase
Shingles
Chicken pos
Micro trigger words

Hepatitis A
Fecal-oral spread
Acute, sudden-onset hepatitis
Day care center
Food-borne
Shellfish
Picornavirus
Micro trigger words

Hepatitis E
Fecal-oral spread

Acute, sudden-onset hepatitis

Pregnant women

Norovirus
Micro trigger words

Hepatitis B
Serum hepatitis
Chronic
Dane particle
insidious onset
HbsAg,
hepadnavirus
Micro trigger words

Hepatitis C
Non-A

non-B hepatitis

chronic flavivirus
Micro trigger words

Hepatitis D
Fulminant hepatitis


HBV helper virus
Micro trigger words

HIV
AIDS
CD4
Chemokine coreceptor
Opportunistic diseases: PCP, Kaposi's sarcoma, C. albicans thrush, cytomegalovirus retinitis, pneumonitis, reverse transcriptase
Micro trigger words

HTLV
Leukemia

flower cell

CD4 T cell

reverse transcriptase
Micro trigger words

Parainfluenza virus
Croup

Barking seal

pneumonia

syncytia

paramyxovirus
Micro trigger words

Respiratory syncytial virus
Infant

Bronchiolitis

Paramyxovirus
Micro trigger words

Measles
Koplik's spots(blue-gray spots in mouth)

3C's + photophobia,

High fever

Rash

Paramyxovirus
Micro trigger words

Mumps
Parotitis: chipmunk cheeks

Orchitis

Pancreatitis & aseptic meningitis or encephalitis(5%)

Paramyxovirus
Micro trigger words

Norovirus
Outbreaks of diarrheal disease

Nausea

Watery diarrhea & vomiting

Schools

Cruise Ships
Micro trigger words

Orthomyxovirus
Influenza
Segmented genome=reassortment

Hemagglutinin & neuraminidase

Antigenic drift(minor mutations) (outbreak/epidemic) vs shif (reassortment=pandemic)
Micro trigger words

Papillomavirus
Warts

Koilocytes

CIN

Cervical cancer

STD
Micro trigger words

Polymaviruses
JC

demyelination

abnormal oligodendrocytes

opportunistic disease

PML
Micro trigger words

Parvovirus B19
Fifth disease

Slapped cheeks

Lacy pattern rash

Anemia
Micro trigger words

Coxsackie & ECHO viruses
Fecal-oral

Vesicular lesions

Coxsackie B for body

Picornavirus
Micro trigger words

Poliovirus
Asymmetrical flaccid paralysis

Major disease

Minor disease

Fecal-oral

Picornavirus
Micro trigger words

Rhinovirus
Runny nose

many serotypes

heat & pH labile

picornavirus
Micro trigger words

Poxviruses
Large, brick-shaped virus
Replicates in cytoplasm
Vesicular lesion
Zoonasis
Molluscum contagiosum: skin-colored papules
Smallpox:synchronized crop of vesicular lesions (smallpox), vaccinia vaccine
Micro trigger words

Prions
Spongiform encephalopathy
CJD
vCJD
beef
no imflammation
presenile dementia
shakes
resistant to inactivation
Micro trigger words

Rabies
Dog bite
Bats
Aerosol
Hydrophobia
Coma
Salivation
Negri bodies
Rhabdovirus
Micro trigger words

Rotavirus
Watery diarrhea in young child

Double capsid & double-stranded segmented RNA (remember:double-double)
Micro trigger words

Rubella
Rash
vaccine
congenital disease
arthritis
teratogen
cararacts
togavirus
Micro trigger words

Togavirus
Arbovirus

Encephalitis viruses: mosquito, seasonal encephalitis, swamp

Hemorrhagic viruses: blood everywhere, petechiae
Micro trigger words

Flavivirus
Arbovirus

Encephalitis viruses: mosquito, seasonal encephalitis, swamp

Hemorrhagic viruses: blood everywhere, petechiae
Micro trigger words

Aspergillus
"Fungus ball"
Septate branching hyphae
Fruiting bodies
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (allergic alveolitis)
Angioinvasive
Malt (grain) workers
Micro trigger words

Black piedra
Black nodules along hair shaft ascospores
Micro trigger words

White piedra
Sleeve or collar around the hari shaft

Found on mustache, beard & scalp
Micro trigger words

Blastomyces dermatitidis
Mississippi River Valley

broad-based budding yeast

Healty & immunocompromised

Granuloma
Micro trigger words

Candida albicans
White, curdlike, adhesive plaques that bleed when removed for culture

"Cobblestones"
Prolonged use of anitbiotics

Immunocompromised:AIDS, diabetic people, transplant patients, chemotherapy patients, babies

Vaginal yeast
Thrush
Micro trigger words

Chromoblastosis
Dematiaceous (brown or black, melanin-producing) sclerotic bodies, skin disease

Cauliflower-like verrucous (warty) nodules
Micro trigger words

Eumycotic mycetoma
Dematiaceous fungus

Many draining sinus tracts

"Grains" of microcolonies in the deep layer of skin

Localized infection
Micro trigger words

Coccidioides immitis
San Joaquin River Valley

American deserts

Spherules

Skin test for antigen exposure
Micro trigger words

Cryptococcus neoformans
Pigeon droppings
Capsule
India ink preparations
Capsular antigens
AIDS patients
Meningitis

The crypt of Cryptococcus is the capsule that houses the round yeast (coccus)
Micro trigger words

Histoplasma cpsulatum
Ohio & Mississippi River Valleys
Lung & speen
Granulomas
Yeasts inside macrophages
Bird & bat droppings
"Cincinnati spleen"
Micro trigger words

Pneumocystis jiroveci
(carinii)
Pneumocystic
Diffuse interstitial pneumonia
Gomori silver stain
AIDS patient/IV drug abuser
Fluffy, foamy alveolar exudate
Cup-shaped (flying saucer)
Ground glass appearance in x-ray
Organisms in lavage lung
Micro trigger words

Pityriasis versicolor
Hypopigmented/hyperpigmented patches

"Spaghetti & meatballs" KOH preparation
Micro trigger words

Rhizopus & Mucor
Acidotac diabetic

Paranasal sinus & ocular orbit involvement

Coenocytic (aseptate) hyphae

Black nasal discharge

Bread mold
Micro trigger words

Sporothrix schenckii
Roses

Thorn prick

Splinter

Gardener
Micro trigger words

Tineas
Keratin

Circular, scaling lesion with central clearing & hair loss

Discoloring

Crumbling nails

Azoles
Micro trigger words

Schistosoma
Snails

Injection

Fluke

Mansoni (spine on egg)
Micro trigger words

Taenia solium
Undercooked pig

Tapeworm

Cysticercosis
Micro trigger words

Echinococcus granulosis
(dog tapeworm)
Dog

Hydatid cyst

Tapeworm
Micro trigger words

Diphyllobothrium latum
(fish tapeworm)
Raw fish

Tapeworm

Vitamin B12 deficiency
Micro trigger words

Plasmodium
Malaria

Paroxysms of fever & chills

Ring form

Cyclic disease

Anopheles mosquito
Micro trigger words

Giardia
Old man looking over his shoulder (troph)

Contaminated creek water

Foul-smelling diarrhea
Micro trigger words

Cryptosporidium
Immune suppression


Water supply
Micro trigger words

Entamoeba histolytica
Amebic dysentery

Cyst with 1-4 nuclei
Micro trigger words

Trichomonas
STD

Hanging drop test for motility

Flagella
Micro trigger words

Toxoplasma
Cats

TORCH (toxophasma, other, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes)

Mononucleosis-like syndrome
Micro trigger words

Leishmania
Sandflies

Blackening of skin

Trip to Asia or South America
Micro trigger words

Trypanosomes
Tsetse fly

Sleeping sickness

Trip to Asia or South America
Micro trigger words

Enterobius vermicularis
Pinworm

Scotch tape test

Anal itching
Micro trigger words

Ascaris lumbricoides
Roundworm


Pearl-white worm
Micro trigger words

Trichinella spiralis
Hunter

Meat

Pig

Splinter hemorrhages

Eosinophilia
Micro trigger words

Necator americanus
Hookworm


Pneumonitis


Anemia
Micro trigger words

Strongyloides stercoralis
Threadworm


Pneumonitis


Dermatitis