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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
normal flora dominant in nose
staph aureus
normal flora dominant in skin
staph epidermidis
normal flora dominant in oropharynx
strep viridans
normal flora dominant in dental plaque
strep mutans
normal flora dominant in colon
bacteriodes fragilis > e. coli
normal flora dominant in vagina
lactobacillus, colonized by e. coli and group B strep
common causes of pneumonia in kids (6 wks. - 18 yrs)
viruses (RSV)
mycoplasma
chlamydia pneumoniae
strep pneumo
common causes of pneumonia in adults (18-40)
mycoplasma
c. pneumoniae
strep pneumo
common causes of pneumonia in adults (40-65)
strep pneumo
H flu
anaerobes
viruses
mycoplasma
common causes of pneumonia in elderly
strep pneumo
viruses anaerobes
H. flu
gram-negative rods
common causes of pneumonia in nosocomial
staph, gram-negative rods
common causes of pneumonia in immunocomprimised
staph, gram-negative rods, fungi, viruses, PCP (HIV)
common causes of pneumonia in aspiration
anaerobes
common causes of pneumonia in alcoholic/IV drug user
strep pneumo, klebsiella, staph
common causes of pneumonia in postviral
staph, h. flu
common causes of pneumonia in neonate
group B strep, e. coli
common causes of atypical pneumonia
mycoplasma, legionella, chlamydia
causes of meningitis in newborn (0-6 mos)
group B strep
e. coli
listeria
causes of meningitis in children (6 mos - 6 yrs)
strep pneumo
neisseria meningitidis
H. flu type B
enteroviruses
causes of meningitis in 6-60 year olds
n. meningitidis
enteroviruses
strep pneumo
HSV
causes of meningitis in elderly (over 60)
strep pneumo
gram negative rods
listeria
causes of meningitis in HIV
cryptococcus, CMV, toxoplasmosis (brain abscess), JC virus (PML)
CSF findings in bacterial meningitis
increased pressure
increased neutrophils
increased protein
decreased sugar
CSF findings in fungal/TB meningitis
increased pressure
increased lymphocytes
increased protein
decreased sugar
CSF findings in viral meningitis
normal/increased pressure
increased lymphocytes
normal protein
normal sugar
cause of osteomyelitis in most people
staph aureus
cause of osteomyelitis in sexually active
neisseria gonorrhoeae (rare), septic arthritis more common
cause of osteomyelitis in diabetics and drug addicts
pseudomonas
cause of osteomyelitis in sickle cell
salmonella
cause of osteomyelitis in prosthetic replacement
staph aureus and staph epidermidis
cause of vertebral osteomyelitis
TB (Pott's disease)
UTI in ambulatory patients
e. coli (50-80%), klebsiella (8-10%)
second most common cause of UTI in young ambulatory women
staph saprophyticus
cause of UTI in hospital?
e. coli, proteus, klebsiella, serratia, pseudomonas
UTI - colonies show metallic sheen on EMB agar
e. coli
UTI - large mucoid capsule and viscous colonies
klebsiella
UTI - swarming on agar (motility); produces urease
proteus
vaginitis, strawberry-colored mucosa
trichomonas vaginalis
noninflammatory, malodorous discharge; positive whiff test; clue cells
gardnerella vaginalis
risk factor: newborn nursery
CMV, RSV
risk factor: urinary catheterization
e. coli, proteus
risk factor: respiratory therapy equipment
pseudomonas aeruginosa
risk factor: work in renal dialysis unit
HBV
risk factor: hyperalimentation
candida albicans
risk factor: water aerosols
legionella
infections dangerous in pregnancy
ToRCHeS:
toxoplasma
rubella
CMV
HSV/HIV
syphilis
traumatic open wound
c. perfringens
surgical wound
staph aureus
sepsis/meningitis in newborn
group B strep
neutrophils in CSF?
bacterial meningitis
normal protein and sugar in meningitis?
viral