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29 Cards in this Set

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If untreated can cause facial nerve palsy, autoimmune arthritis, and heart block (Lyme disease)
Borrelia burgdorferi
deer tick (Ixodes) bite, bull's eye lesion
Borrelia burgdorferi
relapsing fever
Borrelia recurrentis
exists as either elementary or intracellular reticular bodies causes sore throats and interststial pnuemonia
Chlamydia pnuemoniae
exposure to parrots and other birds that are infected, causes interstitial type pnuemonia
Chlamydia psittaci
most common cause of blindness worldwide
Chlamydia trachomatis
moast common bacterial STD, causes urethritis, cervicitis, salpingitis, can lead to sterility
Chlamydia trachomatis
Q fever (interstitial pnuemonia)
Coxiella burnetii
Pontiac fever
Legionella pneumophila
visualized with Dieterle silver stain, causes severe pnuemonia in people with lung disease, many times found in conataminated air conditioner systems
Legionella pneumophila
AIDS patients are at high risk, presents like TB, found in soil, birds, and other animals
Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare
Hanson disease (destruction of skin,cartilage,and peripheral nerves)results in autoamputation
Mycobacterium leprae
acid-fast bacilli stuffed in macrophages, leonine facies and limb deformities
Mycobacterium leprae
acid-fast bacilli found in sputum, fever, night sweats, fatigue, and weight loss, immunization is live attenuated
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
1' infection: Ghon complex
reactivation: cavitary lesions in upper lung lobes
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
can result in Pott Disease (vertebral in volvement) and spread to form a psoas abscess
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
community acquired, atypical (hacking non-productive cough)pnuemonia, no cell wall, causes an interstitial inflammation
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
small and free living, "walking pnuemonia", if untreated can develop into hemolytic anemia
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Epidemic typhus, transmitted from human body louse, extreme fever, myalgias, and a rash
Rickettsia prowazekii
Rocky mountain spotted fever, transmitted by ticks
Rickettsia rickettsii
obligate intracellular, petechial rash on palms and soles
Rickettsia rickettsii
Infection of fetus results in interstitial keratitis, Hutchinson teeth,8th cranial nerve deafness, and saddle nose deformity
Treponema pallidum
Initial infection leads to a painless ulcer of the genitals
Treponema pallidum
leading cause of ascending aortic aneurysm, "tree -barking appearance"
Treponema pallidum
maculopapular rash on the palms and soles, and condyloma lata
Treponema pallidum
Patients with SLE can test false positive
Treponema pallidum
most specific test is FTA-Abs (fluorescent treponemal antibody)
Treponema pallidum
treatment with penicillin can cause Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction)
Treponema pallidum
lacks cell wall, recurrent urinary tract infections, urinary calculi
Ureaplasma urealyticum