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40 Cards in this Set

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group of viruses transmitted by mosquitos and ticks, includes the families: Flavivirus, Togavirus, Bunyavirus
Arboviruses
Bornholm disease (pleurodynia), sudden onset stabbing chest pain, waxing and waning symptoms
Coxsackie B Virus
Most common cause of viral myocarditis
Coxsackie B Virus
vesicles on throat, pain when swallowing, herpangina
Coxsackievirus
destruction of the pancreas results in insulin-dependent diabetes
Coxsackieviruses B3 and B4
filovirus family, severe hemorrhagic fever
Ebola virus
Bunyavirus, three segments of RNA, severe hemorrhage and renal failure
Hantavirus
eating raw shellfish from fecally contaminated water
Hepatitis A Virus
causes acute hepatitis with no chronic carrier state
Hepatitis A Virus
Post-transfusion hepatitis
Hepatitis C Virus
Flavivirus, major cause of chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis hin the United States
Hepatitis C Virus
Dane particle, replication-deficient
Hepatitis D Virus
requires co-infection of hepatitis B virus for infection
Hepatitis D Virus
Calicivirus, fecal/oral transmission, high mortality rate in pregnant women
Hepatitis E Virus
T cell destruction, opportunistic infections
HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus)
binds to CD4+ cells via gp120, needs chemokine receptors CCR5 and CXCR4
HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus)
retrovirus, endemic to Japan and the Caribbean basin, causes oncogenic transformation of CD4+ T cells
HTLV-1 (Human T-call lymphotropic virus-1
Orthomyxovirus, Reye syndrome in children due to treatment of this virus with salicylates
Influenza virus
high risk of antigenic drift and shift due to point mutations and genome reassortment
Influenza virus
virus causing pnuemonia and increases risk of secondary bacterial pnuemonia
Influenza virus
only RNA viruses that replicate in the nucleus
Influenza and Retrovirusus
Koplick spots, maculopapular rash on the head, trunk, and limbs
Measles virus
SSPE (subacute sclerosing panencephalitis), defective M protein
Measles virus
Giant cell pnuemonia and encephalomyelitis
Measles virus
contents of the MMR vaccine
Measles, Mumps, and Rubella
parotiditis, and orchitis that can lead to sterility
Mumps Virus
swelling of the parotids, can result in aseptic meningitis and pancreatitis
Mumps Virus
Calicivirus, epidemic gastroenteritis, common on cruise ships
Norwalk agent
croup,laryngotracheobronchitis, seal-bark cough
Parainfluenze virus
picornavirus,destruction of the anterior horn of the spinal cord, denervation atrophy, flaccid paralysis
Poliovirus
sympathetic over activity due to binding of virus to nicotinic acetylcholine receptors
Rabies virus
postexposure vaccination indicated due to long incubation period
Rabies virus
aversion to water and foaming at the mouth
Rabies virus
virion is bullet shaped and causes Negri bodies
Rabies virus
most important virus associated with lower respiratory tract infection in infants,multinucleated syncytia
RSV (Respiratory syncytial virus)
picornavirus, ICAM-1 for attachment, major cause of upper respiratory infections
Rhinovirus
reovirus, 10-12 segments dsRNA with two concentric capsids, most common cause of diarrhea in children
Rotavirus
teratogenic virus, defects of the heart, brain, and eye, member of TORCH group
Rubella virus
Flavivirus, encephalitis due to mosquito bites, blood transfusion, and organ transplants, life threatening in elderly and immunocompromised
West Nile Virus
Arbovirus, severe hepatitis, black vomit
Yellow fever virus