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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Number one cause of pneumonia in alcoholics
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Gram positive organism that is both catalase-positive and coagulase-positive
Staphylococcus aureus
Bacteria associated with IV drug users (can cause acute endocarditis)
Staphylococcus aureus
Virulence factors of Staphylococcus aureus
Protein A, TSST-1, enterotoxins, exfoliatins, cytolysins
Name the beta-hemolytic bacteria
Staph aureus, Strep pyogenes, Strep agalactiae, & Listeria monocytogenes
Name the obligate intracellular bacteria
Chlamydia and Rickettsia
Name the facultative intracellular bacteria
Salmonella, Neisseria, Brucella, Mycobacterium, Listeria, Francisella, Legionella, and Yernsia
What are the encapsulated bacteria?
Strep pneumoniae, H. influenzae, N. meningitidis, and Klebsiella pneumoniae--positive Quellung rxn
Name the alpha-hemolytic bacteria
Strep pneumoniae (optochin sensitive) and strep viridans (optochin resistant)
Name the beta-hemolytic bacteria
Staph aureus, strep pyogenes, strep agalactiae, and listeria monocytogenes
Two populations effected by N. meningitidis
infants and army recruits
Bacteria that causes meningitis with a petechiael rash
N. meningitidis
Bacteria associated with Waterhouse-Friderichson Syndrome
N. meningitidis
Clinical presentations of N. gonorrhoeae
Urethritis, PID, opthalmia neonatorum, septic arthritis, and Fitz-Hugh-Curtis Syndrome
Gram-negative diplococci found within PMNs
N. gonorrhoeae
Staining technique for Neisseria
Thayer-Martin VCN
Gram-negative bacillus that produces a cholera-like toxin
ETEC
Cause of "traveler's diarrhea"
ETEC
Gram-negative bacillus that produces a "shiga-like" toxin
EHEC
Target of Shiga-like toxin (responsible for bloody diarrhea)
60S ribosome
E. coli strand associated with HUS
EHEC O157:H7
Main causes of bloody diarrhea
Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella, EHEC, EIEC, C. difficile, Entamoeba, and Yersinia
Main causes of watery diarrhea
ETEC, Vibrio, C. perfringens, Protozoa, and viruses (rotavirus, adenovirus, norwalk)
Systemic E. Coli strain associated with bloody diarrhea
EIEC
Most common cause of UTI and sepsis, second most common cause of meningitis
E. coli
Gram-negative bacillus with metallic green sheen on EMB agar
E. coli
Pneumonia associated with red current jelly sputum
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Splits urea into NH3 and CO2 to cause an alkaline urine
Proteus mirabilis
Non-lactose fermenting, Gram-negative rods that invade M cells to produce very shallow ulcers (bloody diarrhea and fever)
Shigella dysentariae
Treatment for N. gonorrhoeae
Ceftrixone or ceftaxime
(erythromycin eyedrops for newborns)