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41 Cards in this Set

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Bacillus anthracis
Anthrax
Gram(+)
bacillus
Entry: respiratory tract, skin
Bacillus cereus
food poisoning
Gram(+)
bacillus
Bacteriodes
pelvic inflammatory disease
Gram(-)
bacillus
Bordetella pertussis
Whooping cough (pertussis)
Gram(-)
coccus
Clostridium difficile
GI infections, superinfections
Gram(+)
bacillus
Clostridium botulinum
botulism
food poisoning
Gram(+)
bacillus
Clostridium perfringens
gas gangrene
food poisoning
watery diarrhea
Gram(+)
bacillus
Clostridium tetani
tetanus (lockjaw)
Gram(+)
bacillus
Corynebacterium diphtheriae
diphtheria
Gram(+)
bacillus
Enterobacter species
bacteremia
nosocomial pneumonia
Gram(-)
bacillus
Enterococcus species
dental diseases
diverticular abscesses
endocarditis
infections of the bowel, appendix, and liver
Gram(+)
streptococcus
Escherichia coli
cystitis
meningitis
opportunistic infections
nephritis
urethritis
watery diarrhea
Gram(-)
bacillus, peritrichous
Escherichia coli O157:H7
gastrointestinal infections
hemolytic uremic syndrome
renal failure
Gram(-)
bacillus, peritrichous
Coxiella burnetii
atypical pneumonia
Q fever
Gram(-)
coccus
Only gram(-) and coccus that forms endospores
Haemophilus influenzae
acute prurulent meningitis
Gram(-)
diplococcobacillus
Haemophilus influenzae type B
bacteremia
meningitis
pneumonia
Gram(-)
diplococcobacillus
Helicobacter pylori
chronic gastritis
gastric cancer
gastroduodenal ulcer
peptic ulcers
Gram(-)
lophotrichous [curved] bacillus
"Corkscrews" into mucosal lining of GI tract; makes microenvironment of pH ~6 in stomach
Klebsiella pneumonae
pneumonia
Gram(-)
coccobacillus
Legionella pneumophila
atypical pneumonia
legionellosis (Legionnaires’ disease)
Gram(-)
monotrichous bacillus
Leptospira interrogans
leptospirosis
Gram(-)
amphitrichous spirochete
Listeria monocytogenes
listeriosis
Gram(+)
amphitrichous bacillus
Mycobacterium leprae
leprosy
Gram(+)
bacillus
mycolic acid on the cell wall
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
tuberculosis
chronic meningitis
infections of the central nervous system
Gram(+)
bacillus
mycolic acid on the cell wall
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
pneumonia
no Gram reaction
b/c no cell wall
(which makes them hard to treat with penicillin, etc)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
bacteremia
gonorrhea
neonatorum (neonatal gonorrheal ophthalmia)
ophthalmia
Gram(-)
diplococcus (coffee-bean shaped)
grows on chocolate agar
Neisseria meningitides
acute purulent meningitis
bacteremia
meningitis
Gram(-)
diplococcus
grows on chocolate agar
Proteus species
nosocomial urinary tract infections
Gram(-)
peritrichous bacillus
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
aggressive keratitis
folliculitis
nosocomial infections ...bacteremia
Gram(-)
lophotrichous bacillus
Commonly infects hospital burn patients
Salmonella enterica
bacteremia
gastroenteritis
salmonellosis
sepsis
Gram(-)
peritrichous bacillus
Salmonella enterica serovar typhi
bacteremia
typhoid fever
Gram(-)
peritrichous bacillus
only pathogen that grows on bismuth sulfate agar
Shigella species
shigellosis (bacillary dysentery)
Gram(-)
bacillus
Point of entry: GI tract
Staphylococcus species
impetigo
Gram(+)
staphylococcus
Staphylococcus aureus [MRSA, VRSA]
nosocomial pneumonia
staphylococcal pneumonia
skin infections
toxic shock
[antibiotic-resistant nosocomial infections]
Gram(+)
staphylococcus
Group A streptococci
erysipelas
impetigo
necrotizing fasciitis
bacteremia
Gram(+)
streptococcus
cause beta hemolysis
Group B streptococci
neonatal sepsis
post partum infections
Gram(+)
streptococcus
causes alpha hemolysis
Streptococcus mutans
tooth decay
Gram(+)
Streptococcus pneumoniae
acute otitis media
acute purulent meningitis
bacteremia
meningitis
pneumonia
sinusitis
Gram(+)
Streptococcus pyogenes
strep throat
acute tonsillitis
pharyngitis
scarlet fever
endocarditis
erysipelas
necrotizing fasciitis
pneumonia
toxic shock
Gram(+)
Group A streptococcus
Treponema pallidium
syphilis
chronic meningitis
Gram(-)
Spirochete
Likes lower temps
Vibrio cholerae
Vibrio cholerae 0139
cholera
Gram(-)
monotrichous vibrio
virulent 0139 strain recognized in 1992
Yersinia pestis
plague (bubonic plague, pneumonic plague)
Gram(-)
bacillus